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Shabbos 138

1) [line 2] MANKIT ABAYE CHUMREI MASNISA - Abaye gathered together from the Beraisos subjects with similar rules. The word "Chumrei" refers to a knot or a string of jewels that is worn around the neck as an ornament (compare k'Min Chomer -- Sotah 15a, Kidushin 22b, and Background to Shabbos 62:17)

2) [line 3] GODE - a leather bag for wine, milk, etc. which travelers at night tie onto short poles and stretch like a tent in order to let the air cool it

3) [line 3] KILAH - a bed canopy that is at least a Tefach wide at the top
4) [line 3] KISE GALIN - (a) a chair that can be assembled and disassembled (RASHI); (b) a type of bed which is constructed by spreading a hide over a frame (TOSFOS)

5) [line 6] KISE TERISKEL - (a) (O.F. faldestol) a folding chair (RASHI); (b) According to the Girsa KISE *V'TERASKAL*, these are two separate objects, a chair and a basket (RAMBAM Hilchos Shabbos 22:28)

6) [line 6] ASLA - a portable toilet seat
7) [line 7] MUTAR LI'NTOSAN - it is permissible to set them up, even though there are similarities between setting them up and making a tent

8) [line 8] SHIMER - if a person filtered [wine]
9) [line 22] MERAKED - the Av Melachah of sifting; separating mixed objects with a strainer

10) [line 31] MESHICHAH - a cord
11) [line 32] KILAH - setting up a Kilah, see #3
12) [line 33] MITAH - setting up a bed
13) [line 36] KED'KARMENAI - (a) like the type used by Carmanians, (inhabitants of Carmania, a province of the ancient Persian empire), which was a folding bed; (b) like the type used by sellers of linen clothing, which was a folding bed or frame used to exhibit their wares

14) [line 39] ME'URSA NEGIDU - in the evening they were set up
15) [line 40] MI'TZAFRA CHAVITU RAMYA - in the morning they were taken apart and laying on the floor

16) [line 41] VILON - a curtain which covers the doorway


17) [line 1] KILAS CHASANIM - a "groom's canopy" that is made for decorative purposes only (RASHI). See Tosfos DH she'Ein for other possibilities

18) [line 7] SHIPU'AH - the measurement of the horizontal component of its decline (i.e. the width as measured on bottom from the center of the canopy to one of the outer edges)

19) [line 8] SHIPU'EI OHALIM K'OHALIM DAMEI - the slope of the walls of a tent is considered as if it stretches out perpendicular to the ground, and it is therefore considered an "Ohel."

20) [line 9] D'LO NACHIS MI'PURYA TEFACH - the bottom edge of the canopy does not hang down a Tefach (or more) from the bottom edge of the bed

21) [line 11] SIA'NA - a wide-brimmed felt hat; see Insights
22) [line 14] SHARBIV B'GELIMA TEFACH - if he extended his Talis from the front of his head one Tefach outward

23) [line 16] EIMA LAN EIZI - tell us now/ tell us then
24) [line 19] GODE B'CHISNA - a Gode (see above, #2) whose straps are already tied onto poles

25) [line 21] KILAH - and with regard to setting up a Kilah on Shabbos, [even if ten people set it up, it is prohibited]

26) [line 22] MIMTECHA - will be stretched out
27) [line 24] SHE'NISHMETAH ACHAS ME'YARCHOSEHA - that one of its four legs fell off
29) [line 26] SHEMA YISKA - lest he put the leg firmly in place
30) [line 27] "VE'HIFLA HASH-M ES MAKOSECHA" - "Then HaSh-m will strike you with unimaginable blows" (Devarim 28:59)

31) [line 28] "LACHEN, HINENI YOSIF ..." - "Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvelous work among this people, even a marvelous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hidden." (Yeshayahu 29:14) - The "marvelous work and wonder" is referring to Torah learning, the wisdom of the wise.

32) [line 29] KEREM B'YAVNEH - the Yeshiva in Yavneh where the students sat in rows resembling grapevines in a vineyard

33a) [line 32] "V'NA'U MI'YAM AD YAM ..." - "And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north to the east, they shall run to-and-fro to seek the word of HaSh-m and shall not fine it." (Amos 8:12)
b) [line 33] DEVAR HASH-M ZU HALACHAH ... HA'KETZ ... NEVUAH - The connection between HaSh-m and Benei Yisrael is called Devar HaSh-m. In the broadest sense, Devar HaSh-m is the Torah, Nevi'im and Kesuvim, i.e. Torah shebi'Chtav, the written Torah. Our Gemara hints to this in that Halachah refers to the Torah, where all the Mitzvos mid'Oraisa are found, ha'Ketz refers to the Kesuvim, where the verses about the end of days (at the end of Daniel) are found, and Nevu'ah refers to Nevi'im. The fact that Benei Yisrael will forget the Tanach is an unimaginable calamity. (MAHARAL here and in Tiferes Yirael Chapter 56)

34) [line 33] HA'KETZ - (a) the end [of the exile] (TOSFOS DH Devar); (b) Kesuvim, which contains verses about the end of days, at the end of Daniel (MAHARAL) see above, #33b

*35*) [line 39] MISTAPKA LEHU HA - that is, they were uncertain as to the *source* of the law mentioned in the Mishnah that was just quoted.

36) [line 40] K'MAN D'MALI TUM'AH - as if the Tum'ah of the Sheretz fills the entire space of the earthenware oven, making all food *and utensils* therein a Rishon l'Tum'ah

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