REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 145
(a) 'ha'Machlik ba'Anavim, Lo Huchshar; Rebbi Yehudah Omer Huchshar'.
What does 'ha'Machlik ba'Anavim mean?
(b) How must the bread have been kneaded?
(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah explains the Machlokes (of 'ha'Machlik ba'Anavim') as to
whether liquid that was extracted from the fruit into a food, is considered
a food (like Shmuel and Rav Chisda) or not. Rav Papa rejects this
explanation. How does Rav Papa explain it?
(d) What is the third possible way of explaining the Machlokes - and how
will they then hold with regard to 'Mashkeh ha'Ba le'Ibud'?
(a) If someone bruises fruit - with Tamei hands to soften it, the juice
that emerges is Huchshar; whereas if he bruises it in order to be able to
salt it, it is not.
Why the difference?
(b) If he bruises the fruit in order to ascertain whether the oil is ready
or not, the Tana Kama holds that it is not Muchshar.
What does Rebbi
Yehudah hold, and what is the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) Rav agrees with Shmuel with regard to squeezing juice into food.
Some learnt the above Din of fish-juice in the name of Shmuel.
does he say about squeezing the juice from a fish?
(b) May one squeeze pickled foods to eat the pickles?
(c) May one squeeze them for the juice (according to Rav and Shmuel)? Why
(d) Rav permits squeezing cooked foods - even for the juice (because they
have the Din of food).
What does Shmuel say about that?
testimony did Rav Dimi give Abaye - from the mouth of Rebbi Yirmiyah,
quoting Rebbi Zeira, quoting Rebbi Chiya bar Ashi?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan differentiate - with regard to squeezing
pickles and boiled vegetables - whether it is to eat them, or for their
Answers to questions
(b) The Beraisa writes 'Sochtin Kevashim be'Shabbos le'Tzorech ha'Shabbos,
Aval Lo le'Motza'ei Shabbos'. What problem does this present for Rebbi
Yochanan, Rav and Shmuel?
(c) What did Rav Chiya bar Aba testify in Rav's name, with regard to ...
(d) Why were Chazal more lenient by the testimony of a woman than in other
areas of Halachah? Why is this not a matter of permitting a married woman
to get married - considering that, min ha'Torah, such a testimony is
- ... pressing fruit for the juice?
- ... one witness repeating in Beis-Din what he heard from another?
(a) 'Eid mi'Pi Eid' is Kasher by a Bechor'.
What does this mean?
(b) How does this conform with Tana de'Bei Menasheh, who said 'Ein Eid
mi'Pi Eid Kasher Ela le'Edus Ishah Bilevad'? How do we amend Tana de'Bei
(c) Rav Hoshaya from Neherda'a cites a Beraisa, which informs us that Rebbi
Elazar and Rebbi Shimon permit the juice of olives and grapes (which were
pressed before Shabbos) that came out on Shabbos. From his words we learn
that Rebbi Shimon holds like Rebbi Elazar in our Mishnah, where he permits
the honey that flows from the honey-combs under similar circumstances.
that all Rav Hosha'a from Neherda'a is coming to teach us?
(a) Something which has been cooled before Shabbos, may be placed in
boiling water (even in a K'li Rishon) on Shabbos. As an example, the Gemara
gives the Tarnegoles de'Bei Rebbi Aba.
What is the Din of someone who pours hot water (even from a K'li Sheni) on
to an old salted herring, small salted fish or a thin-skinned fish called
What was the Tarnegoles de'Bei
(b) What did they do to counteract the strong after-effects of Rebbi Aba's
(c) What did Rav Yosef retort when he heard how Rebbi Yochanan spat when he
recalled the Kutach ha'Bavli?
(d) What positive testimonial did Rav Yosef quote Rav Gaza, a Babylonian,
as giving about Kutach ha'Bavli?
(a) Rebbi Asi told Rebbi Chiya bar Aba that ...
1. ... it was not true that the birds of Bavel were fatter than those of
Eretz Yisrael. How does Rebbi Yochanan explain each of these?
2. ... the people of Bavel rejoiced on Yom-Tov more than those of Eretz
Yisrael - because they were poor (and did not have the opportunity to
rejoice the whole year round.
3. ... the Talmidei-Chachamim wore finer clothing than those of Eretz
Yisrael, because they were not B'nei Torah.
4. ... The gentiles were sweaty because they ate insects and creeping
(b) How did Rebbi Yochanan interpret the Pasuk in Mishlei "Emor la'Chochmah
(c) The animals, birds and even fish of Eretz Yisrael were in exile for
fifty-two years. What is the significance of those firty-two years?
(d) Why did the Kuli'as ha'Ispanin not return to Eretz Yisrael, together
with the others?
(a) What made various gentile leaders come each Yom-Tov to Tzipori and
Teverya to plunder and to cause trouble?
Answers to questions
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yehsayah "ha'Ba'im Yashresh Ya'akov,
Yatzitz u'Farach Yisrael"?
(c) Why are the Gerim, who did not stand at Har Sinai, not sweaty like the
(d) Rebbi Aba bar Kahana disagrees with Rebbi Yochanan, who says that the
sweatiness of Yisrael left them at Har Sinai.
What does Rebbi Aba bar
Kahana say in this regard?