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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 151


(a) May one call one's animal that has strayed outside the Techum?

(b) Aba Shaul permits one to tell his friend on Shabbos to go and fetch the needs of a Kalah or of a dead person after Shabbos, and even to tell him that if he fails to find them in one place, that he should go and obtain from somewhere else; and that should he not find find for one Manah, then he should pay two. What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah say about that?

(c) 'Machshichin al ha'Techum Lefake'ach Al Iskei Kalah ve'Al Iskei ha'Mes'
Who is the author of this Mishnah?

(a) What is the Din if a gentile brings flutes (to mourn for a Jew) from outside the Techum on Shabbos? Is one permitted to use them after Shabbos?

(b) May one use a coffin or a grave which a gentile prepared on Shabbos for himself or to sell - to bury a Jew?

(c) May one use them if he prepared them on Shabbos for a Jew?

(d) Rav explains the Heter of using the flutes that a gentile brought 'from a near place', literally (that one knows that he brought them from within the Techum). How does Shmuel explain 'from a near place'?

(a) When may one bathe immediately after Shabbos in a bath-house that was heated by gentiles, and when may one not?

(b) Why, in the case of the bath-house, is a Safek permitted after 'bi'Chedei she'Yechamu Chamin'; whereas in our Mishnah, the flutes are Asur forever (according to Rashi)?

(c) 'Rebbi Yehudah Omer, be'Ambati Ketanah, Im Yesh Bah Reshus, Rochetz Bah Miyad'.
What does this mean?

(d) How is this statement of Rebbi Yehudah a proof for Shmuel?

4) 'Asu Lo Aron, ve'Chafru Lo Kever, Yikaver Bo Yisrael'.
Why should one not be obligated to wait at least 'bi'Chedei she'Ya'asu' in both cases - like in the case of the bath-house) - since it is also a Safek?


(a) May one wash and rub oil on a dead person?

(b) How does one move him to the ground so that he should not become too hot?

(c) What do a dead person's cheeks and a sagging beam have in common?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did the Gemara initially ask on the Heter of our Mishnah to rub oil on a dead person, from the prohibition of rubbing oil on the ground?

(b) How does the Gemara reject this Kashya? Why is the latter case forbidden?

(c) What does 'Osin Kol Tzorchei ha'Mes' come to include?

(a) In the final Pesukim of Koheles, Shlomoh Hamelech speaks about death. What does he mean by:
  1. "Ad she'Lo Yeratek *Chevel ha'Kesef*"?
  2. "ve'Tarutz *Gulas ha'Zahav*"?
  3. "ve'Tishava *Kad* Al ha'Mabu'a"?
  4. "ve'Narutz *ha'Galgal* el ha'Bor"?
(b) To which sort of people may the Pasuk "ve'Zerisi Peresh Al Penechem, Peresh Chagechem" refer?
(a) What does 'Ein Me'atzmin es ha'Mes be'Shabbos' mean?

(b) When is this forbidden even during the week?

(c) In order to get a dead man's eyes to close on Shabbos, one would need to do three things: blow wine up his nostrils and place oil between his eye-lashes.
What would the third thing be?

(a) What logical reason would permit one to be Mechalel Shabbos for a baby of one day old, whereas Chilul Shabbos is forbidden even for David ha'Melech, once he has died? What has this to do with the Pasuk in Tehilim "ba'Mesim Chofshi"?

(b) What do we learn ...

  1. ... from the Pasuk in No'ach "u'Mora'achem ve'Chitchem Yihyeh al Kol Chayas ha'Aretz"?
  2. ... from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Adam bi'Yekar ve'Lo Yalin, Nimshal ka'Beheimos Nidmu"?
(c) When might wild-animal attack a person even if he does not resemble an animal?

(d) What is likely to happen to someone who sleeps alone in a house?

(a) What did Shlomoh mean when he wrote in Koheles ...
  1. ... "u'Zechor es Bor'echa bi'Yemei Bachurasecha"?
  2. ... "Ad Asher Lo Yavo'u Yemei ha'Ra'ah"?
  3. ... "ve'Higi'u Shanim Asher Tomar Ein Li Bahem Chefetz"?
(b) Why does this not conform with the opinion of Shmuel? What has that to do with the Pasuk in Re'ei: "Ki Lo Yechdal Evyon Mikerev ha'Aretz"?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ki Bigelal ha'Davar ha'Zeh", and what are its ramifications?

(d) What did Rebbi Chiya advise his wife to do on account of it?

(a) What did Rav Yosef mean when he said he had a tradition that a Talmid-Chacham would never become poor?

(b) What do e learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Nasan Lecha Rachamim ve'Richamcha ve'Hirbecha"?

(c) "Ad Asher Lo Techshach ha'Shemesh ve'ha'Or ... ". What did Shlomoh mean by ...

  1. ... "ha'Shemesh ve'ha'Or (To'ar Penei Adam)"?
  2. ... "ve'ha'Yare'ach"?
  3. ... " ve'ha'Kochavim"?
  4. ... " ve'Shavu he'Avim Achar ha'Geshem"?
(a) Up to which age will a person's stock of tears be replenished and eye-paint improve his eye-sight?

(b) What happens to the latter after the age of forty?

(c) Rav Nachman said that after the age of forty, even if one puts on eye-paint as thick as a weaver's beam, it will not improve one's eye-sight.
Why did he express himself like that?

(a) What did Rav Chanina's wife say to him when he failed to cry at the death of their daughter?

(b) What did he answer her?

(c) Which other two kinds of tears are harmful?

(d) Which tears, besides those of spices (or medicines) and of laughter, are healthy?

Answers to questions
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