POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafShekalim 5
1) BROTHERS AND PARTNERS GIVING MA'ASER (cont'd)
(a) [R. Yirmiyah] There are two additional possibilities over those
listed in the Mishnah.
2) HOW WERE THE KALBANOS USED?
1. They are Chayavim to bring both Ma'aser *and* Kalbon.
(b) Example for #1: They divided their property but not the animals.
2. They are Peturim from both.
(c) Example for #2: They divided the animals but not their property.
(d) [R. Mana] If the animals were the majority of the inheritance,
then they dominate (Ikar).
(e) Question [R. Shimi]: By obligating them in Ma'aser Beheimah you
are going to exempt them from Kalbon (even though they are
bringing the Selah from separated funds)?!
(f) Answer: Here it is different because they are bringing one Selah
(as if it were undivided).
(g) Question: Then even if they re-join after having divided, they
should be exempt from Kalbon (if they use one 'undivided' Selah)
and yet we know that they are *obligated* in such a case?!
(h) Answer: They would be obligated in Kalbon as would be two
brothers-in-law inheriting their father-in-law.
(a) Question: What was done with the Kalbonos?
Hadran Alach Perek B'Echad B'Adar
(b) Answer [R. Meir]: Towards the Shekalim.
(c) Answer [R. Elazar]: Nedavos (for Olos).
(d) Answer [R. Shimon Shezuri]: Gold plating and adornments for the
(e) Answer: [Ben Azai]: The money changers would receive them as
(f) Answer [Yesh Omerim]: Transport expenses.
*****PEREK METZARFIN SHEKALIM*****
3) LAWS ASSOCIATED WITH THE TRANSFER OF SHEKALIM TO YERUSHALAYIM
(a) We may exchange the Shekalim for Darchonos to ease the transport.
4) CLARIFICATIONS IN THE MISHNAH
(b) All collections were made into narrow-mouthed collection boxes.
(c) In the event of loss or theft of the money en route:
1. If these funds were already advanced by the Gizbarim, then
the transfer agents take a Shevuah to the Gizbarim.
(d) If the funds were recovered they are considered Shekalim and may
not be used for the following year.
2. If funds were not yet taken from the Lishkah, then the
agents take a Shevuah to those whose funds they were
carrying and the latter must replace the funds.
(a) Question: Change the coins into gems, making the transfer even
5) INSURING ONE'S SHEKALIM
(b) Answer: Their value might go down, causing loss to Hekdesh (as is
taught in the Bereisa).
(c) The reference to narrow-mouthed "Shofaros" is to two such boxes
in the Beis HaMikdash, one for new Shekalim and one for old.
(d) There was only one such box in the outlying areas.
(e) The Mishnah in dealing with loss and its consequences is speaking
of a Shomer Chinam, not a Shomer Sachar (who would have to pay).
(f) [R. Aba] It could be speaking even by a Shomer Sachar in a case
(g) The issue of to whom they take the Shevuah assumes the position
that the Gizbarim lay out the money for the funds not yet added
to the Lishkah (otherwise the Shevuah would always be to those
whose funds they were carrying).
(a) [R. Elazar] Our Mishnah follows the opinion of R. Shimon that a
person must insure that his gift arrives at Hekdesh.
(b) [R. Yochanan] In this case all would agree to the Shevuah as a
Takanah in order that people not take the Hekdesh lightly.
(c) Question: According to R. Elazar, why would he take a Shevuah to
the Gizbarim (it is only the insurers who must pay)?!
6) WHICH COINS ARE OLD AND WHICH ARE NEW?
(d) (Answer: It means they take a Shevuah to the Bnei HaIr in the
presence of the Gizbarim [to avoid suspicion].)
(e) Even if the Bnei HaIr volunteer to pay (without imposing a
Shevuah on their representatives), we still demand a Shevuah when
Hekdesh is involved.
(f) [R. Yochanan] One who set aside his Shekel and it got lost, must
replace it (until it is given to the Gizbar).
(g) [Reish Lakish] Hekdesh is always considered as already given.
(h) Question: Our Mishnah seems to contradict Reish Lakish (as the
Bnei HaIr must replace the Shekalim)?
(i) Answer: As above, this is a Takanah.
(a) The first set of coins go into the box for new Shekalim while the
second set of coins goes into the box for old Shekalim.
7) MISHNAH: ME'ILAH REGARDING THE SHEKALIM
(b) Question: Which set is called old and which is called new?
(c) Answer: It is a dispute.
(a) If an agent used the Shekel as his own he is guilty of
misappropriating Hekdesh (Me'ilah) if the Lishkah has already
been drawn upon.
8) ONE WHO GIVES HIS SHEKEL FROM MA'ASER OR SHEVI'IS
(b) If a person accidentally tried to give his Shekel from coins
which were already Hekdesh, again, he is guilty if the Lishkah
has been drawn upon, *and* the Korban bought with those funds has
(c) If he took the Shekel from money with Kedushas Shevi'is or
Ma'aser Sheni, he must designate substitute funds.
(d) We have a Bereisa which learns the qualification of "the Korban
has been offered" also in the Reisha (point (a) above).
(e) The position that Me'ilah would occur once the Lishkah has been
drawn upon is R. Shimon (in the Mishnah from the 4th Perek which
teaches that the money from the Lishkah becomes Chulin as soon as
it is drawn upon, and not only once the Korban is offered).
(f) Question: The Shekel should serve the purpose of the original
(g) Answer: The original owner had his agent in mind (as in the case
of the family of R. Gamliel).
(h) Question: But the money might end up as part of Shirayim?!
(i) Answer #1: R. Meir holds that there is Me'ilah by Shirayim.
(j) Answer #2: This coin was designated both for its agent as well as
its use - for Korbanos (not Shirayim).
(k) Question: What benefit did he get (such that there should be
(l) Answer: He avoids the impounding of a security.
(a) Question: What is the source for this Din?
(b) Answer: The Pasuk teaches that a new Kedushah cannot come upon an
existing one (and to allow the original coins to become Shekalim
it is necessary to be Mechalel their Kedushah onto a new coin).