POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafShekalim 8
SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah
and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
1) RATIONALE FOR THE DATES OF MA'ASER BEHEIMAH
(a) [R. Yochanan] The dates account for the times animals give birth.
2) RECKONING MA'ASER BEHEIMAH
(b) [R. Yehoshua b. Levi] That animals would be available for the
(c) [R. Yuden] To prevent violation of Bal TeAcher.
1. R. Yusah taught that anyone who allows Tevel to linger
violates Bal TeAcher.
(d) We were taught in Bechoros:
2. (Once Chazal instituted the Din Tevel on animals at these
seasons, he must bring his animals to avoid Bal TeAcher.)
1. [R. Meir] 1 Elul is the cutoff for Ma'aser Beheimah.
(e) Question: What is the rationale for R. Meir?
2. [R. Elazer and R. Shimon] The cutoff is 1 Tishrei.
3. [Ben Azai] The Elul animals are tithed by themselves.
(f) Answer: (Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim 65:14) Until 1 Elul the
animals were conceived before Nisan, and after that point the
animals were conceived from Nisan onward.
(g) Question: What is the rationale for R. Elazar & R. Shimon?
(h) Answer: They understand the Pasuk as indicating two times for
conception, early and late, while both groups are tithed as one.
(i) Ben Azai maintains that since we cannot determine in favor of one
or the other, let the Elul animals be tithed separately.
1. Question: Does Ben Azai have difficulty deciding between his
2. Answer: Actually their dispute predates even Ben Azai.
3. From Ben Azai's language (in two instances) we may infer
that he was a Talmid-Chaver (and not a Talmid) of R. Akiva.
(a) We see from the Mishnah in Bechoros that regarding Ma'aser
Beheimah, we consider the birth, and the cutoff is Rosh HaShanah.
3) THE PROCESS OF TAKING FUNDS FROM THE LISHKAH
1. We do not use the criteria of vegetative growth.
(b) [R. Shamai] We use Shelish, and the Mishnah (in Bechoros) follows
R. Shimon (who includes in Ma'aser even those animals which are
not yet able to be offered).
2. These are Chanatah (budding) or a third-grown (Shelish).
3. If we used Chanatah, we would speak of dates of conception.
4. If we used Shelish then we would speak of those animals born
until 22 Elul (and could be offered before Rosh HaShanah).
(c) Question: Ben Azai must hold like Rabanan, *not* like R. Shimon!?
(d) Rather, Ben Azai, like the Rabanan hold that the animal not ready
for an offering is counted with the following year.
(e) The above discussion leads us to count the year for offering a
Bechor from its birth (not from 8 days later).
(a) Three boxes were filled with three Se'ah of coins.
4) REMOVING THE KUPOS
(b) The boxes were designated Alef, Beis and Gimel.
(c) [R. Yishmael] The designations were Greek; Alpha, Beta, Gama.
(d) Steps taken to avoid suspicion of the treasurers:
1. No cuffs on their clothing, no shoes nor sandals, no
Tefilin, no Kamea, and we are concerned lest the treasurer
become impoverished or wealthy.
2. A person must avoid suspicion in the eyes of people just as
he must uphold the Will of Heaven (2 proof texts).
(a) We remove Kupos to clear their place.
(b) Question: What is the measure of the Kupos?
(c) Answer: By inference from a Bereisa that the measure is 3 Se'ah.
5) MARKING THE KUPOS
(a) Question: Why write the letters upon the Kupos?
6) THE MEASURE OF A CUP OF WINE
(b) Answer: In order to use the funds in their proper order.
(a) Question: What is the measure of the cup for which one is Chayav?
7) LAWS OF THE FOUR CUPS
(b) Answer: By inference from a Bereisa (dealing with the four cups
on Pesach) we know that it is a Revi'is of Italian wine.
(c) Question: How large is *that*?
(d) Answer: 1.25 Titarton.
(a) Question: Is it permitted to drink the four cups at once?
(b) Answer: He is Yotzei (given R. Yochanan's ruling that one need
not repeat Hallel if it was said in the Beis HaKnesses).
(c) Question: May one drink the cups with interruptions?
(d) Answer: He is Yotzei (since it is not intended that he get
(e) Question: May he be Yotzei with (prohibited) wine from Shemitah?
(f) Answer: Yes.
(g) Question: What about being Yotzei with Konditon?
(h) Answer: Yes (as we have been taught that Konditon is wine).
(i) Question: What about (overly) diluted wine?
(j) Answer: Yes, so long as it still has wine's taste and appearance.
(k) [R. Yirmiyah] Ideally, one should use red wine (Pasuk).
(l) Question: How much diluted wine?
(m) Answer: It is also a Revi'is (as implied above).
(n) Question: What about cooked wine?
(o) Answer [R. Yona]: One is Yotzei (as if it were spiced-Konditon).
1. R. Yona is consistent with his position (inasmuch as he
could not tolerate wine) in the incident with the matron who
commented on his shiny appearance (where he made it clear
that he cannot drink wine).
(p) The Lug of the Torah is the old measure, now used for fish brine.
2. R. Abahu's face shone, as did R. Yona's, because of his
delight over a discovery of Torah (in this case a Tosefta).
1. R. Yona recalled that this measure was used for honey.
2. Question: Why was it called an old measure?
3. Answer: One had to be specific because the original measure
was enlarged and was subsequently reduced back.