POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafShekalim 15
1) EQUIVALENT AMOUNTS OF NESACHIM
(a) The Pasuk says O LaAyil... all Nesachim of an Ayil are the
2) THE DAY ON THE TICKET TO PREVENT FRAUD
(b) O La'Seh... no distinction in the Nesachim of a Nekeivah
(c) O VaIzim... all Izim are the same (3 Lugim).
(a) Question: But he'll wait until the same day next week.
3) HALACHAH 4: TWO ROOMS FOR TZEDAKAH
(b) Answer: We also write the name of the Mishmar.
(c) Question: Then he'll just wait another half year!?
(d) Answer: We write the day, the Shabbos and the month, as
(a) There were two rooms in the Mikdash:
1. The "quiet" room.
4) KEEPING TZEDAKAH SECRET
(i) Donations were made there secretly.
2. The room of utensils.
(ii) Gifts were distributed from there secretly.
(i) Donations of Keilim were collected there and
surveyed every thirty days.
(ii) The ones which are needed for Bedek HaBayis are
retained while the rest are sold for the benefit
of Bedek HaBayis.
(a) An incident is recorded wherein the Gabai Tzedakah used an
intermediary to get Tzedakah to needy, but modest, people.
5) FINDING CLEVER WAYS TO GIVE
(b) A related incident in which people falsely accused a man of
taking Tzedakah which he did not need, only to find after
his death that he was secretly distributing these as well as
his own funds to Tzedakah.
(c) R. Chinenah would distribute at night and had an encounter
with the evil spirits of the night.
(a) (R. Yonah) Fortunate is the one who surveys the situation
carefully to determine how to give without shaming the
6) BEWARE WHEN PERFORMING MITZVOS
(b) One approach was to claim that the recipient had inherited
(c) Certain scholars would only accept between Rosh HaShanah and
Yom HaKipurim (after which they would only rely on their
divinely ordained allocation).
(a) Nechemyah considered the guilt in the death of the poor man
to whom he gave meat rather than fowl.
7) SPENDING PRIORITIES (COMPLEX EDIFICES vs TORAH SCHOLARS)
(b) Similarly, Nachum Ish Gamzu who took upon himself enormous
affliction in such a case.
1. R. Akiva bemoaned seeing him in a such a state.
(c) R. Hoshayah explained to his son's sightless tutor why he
had not invited him to dine that particular night.
2. Nachum wished such a state upon R. Akiva.
3. R. Akiva questioned why Nachum should curse him.
4. Nachum questioned R. Akiva's attitude towards earthy
(d) The tutor, when appeased, gave the remarkable blessing to R.
Hoshayah: You have appeased one who is seen but does not
see; may you be well received by the One Who sees but is not
(e) R. Hoshayah asked him for his source for this wonderful
(f) He cited a similar incident regarding R. Eliezer b. Yakov.
(a) Two accounts are recorded wherein critique is proffered for
building great Synagogues and adornments for houses of study
at the expense of poor Torah scholars.
8) PROCEEDS TO BEDEK HABAYIS OR TO THE MIZBEACH
(a) The Bereisa teaches that items such as animals and stones
fitting for the Mizbeach, if donated to Bedek HaBayis, may
be taken for the needs of the Mizbeach.
Hadran Alach Eilu Hen HaMemunin
(b) If the animal was donated to the Mizbeach, its funds may not
be used for Bedek HaBayis, rather only for the Mizbeach.
(c) Question: But our Mishnah, by only mentioning Bedek HaBayis,
indicates that the funds may *not* be used for the Mizbeach.
(d) Answer: Both are meant.
(e) The Bereisa teaches that we may only increase the Kedushah
of that which was donated, or, the donor was specific, (i.e.
for the Heichal) we must retain that level of Kedushah.
(f) Question: But we see that the Mishnah allows conversions!?
(g) Answer: The items are sold and the money is recycled into
the Lishkas Bedek HaBayis as "new" unallocated funds.
*****PEREK SHELOSHAH ASAR*****
1) NUMBERED ITEMS IN THE MIKDASH
(a) There were 13 Shofaros, 14 Shulchanos, 13 bowings (14 for
the house of R. Gamliel).
2) THE SHOFAROS
(b) There was a tradition that the spot where the wood for the
Mizbeach was checked was above the interred Aron HaKodesh
(and one Kohen paid with his life for this information).
(a) The Bereisa teaches that the Shofaros were narrow at the
neck and wider below.
3) IS THE ARK INTERRED OR WAS IT EXILED?
(b) This was to prevent theft/fraud.
(a) The Bereisa teaches that the Aron was exiled with them to
Bavel (as the Pasuk [Melachim II 20:17] indicates).
4) MORE ABOUT THE ARON
(b) Resh Lakish taught that it is hidden in its place (also
based on a Pasuk [Divrei HaYamim II 5:9]).
1. The Gemara goes on to expound that Pasuk.
(c) Rabanan taught that the Aron was hidden below the wood room
(as indicated by the incident of the Kohen there, and the
manner in which the flame consumed him).
2. It describes the Badim of the Aron, seen and not seen.
(a) There is a dispute regarding the Aron:
1. (R. Yehudah) There were two Aronos, one with the Luchos
and one with the broken Luchos; the latter going out to
battle with the People.
(b) The Pasuk in Shmuel I (7:8) appears to support the Rabanan
(this was a unique event).
2. (Rabanan) There was only one Aron, which went out once
during the time of Ayli HaKohen.
(c) The Pasuk in Shmuel I (14:18) appears to support R. Yehudah
(for how could Shaul have asked for the Aron which was, at
the time, in Kiryat Yearim?!).
(d) Rabanan respond that Shaul was asking for the Tzitz (i.e.
all the Bigdei Kehunah, so that he might inquire of the Urim
(e) The Pasuk in Shmuel II (11:11) appears to support R. Yehudah
(refers to the Aron with the People at the battle, not in
Tzion, where Dovid HaMelech had taken it from Kiryat
(f) The Rabanan explain that Uriah meant that the Aron does not
have a proper home (Beis HaMikdash).