POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 16
SHEKALIM 16 - Dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir Menachem) Turkel
(Yahrzeit: 5 Teves) by his wife Jean and children Eddie and Lawrence.
1) OTHER ITEMS WHICH WERE HIDDEN WITH THE ARON
(a) The Tzintzenes HaMan, the anointing oil, Aharon's (flowered)
staff and the gift box from the Plishtim.
2) PREPARING THE ANOINTING OIL
(b) These were hidden by Yoshiyahu, as related in the Pesukim.
1. He understood that if the Aron was taken to Bavel it
would not return.
2. Rather, he instructed that it be interred.
(a) Based on the Pasuk, there were 1,500 Manim of ingredients.
3) WHO IS TO BE ANOINTED
(b) The Bereisa teaches that the ingredients were soaked in 12
Log of oil, or water, and the oil was passed over the
spices, as per the Pasuk.
(c) It was taught that the anointing oil of Moshe was entirely
miraculous, and lasts forever after being used as listed.
(a) A King (first in his dynasty - based on the Pasuk).
4) ALL OF MOSHE'S OIL WILL REMAIN IN THE TIME TO COME
(b) Every Kohen HaGadol (based on the Pasuk).
5) THE KINGS' ANOINTMENT
(a) The King is anointed by a source of water (as Shlomo was
anointed by the Gichon).
6) THE IDENTITY OF YEHOACHAZ
(b) The son of a King is not anointed (Pasuk) unless there are
contenders to the throne.
(c) This was the case regarding Shlomo (because of Adoniyahu),
Yoash (because of Atalyahu), Yehoachaz (because of his elder
brother, Yehoyakim) and Yehu (because of Yoram).
1. Question #1: But the Kings of Israel (Northern Tribes)
were not to be anointed (as in the Pasuk)?!
(d) Kings must be anointed from a Keren.
2. Question #2: But Yoshiyahu had already hid the oil
before the reign of Yehoachaz?!
3. Answer: It was Persimmon Oil, not the anointing oil.
1. Shaul and Yehu were anointed from a Pach.
(e) Kohanim may not be anointed as Kings (derived from two
2. Their reigns were transitory (unlike Dovid and Shlomo).
(a) (R. Yochanan) The Yochanan (listed first as the Bechor in
Divrei HaYamim I 3:15) is Yehoachaz.
7) THE AMOS OF THE MIKDASH
(b) Question: But it says he was the Bechor (how could Yehoyakim
have been his elder brother)?!
(c) Answer: It means the first to rule.
(d) (R. Yochanan) Shalom (4th in the Pasuk) and Tzidkiyahu (3rd
in the Pasuk) are one and the same.
1. Question: But the Pasuk tells us of the *two* people!?
(e) (Resh Lakish) His name was actually Masanyah (Pasuk).
2. Answer: He was 3rd in birth-order and 4th to reign.
3. His name was Tzidkiyahu as he accepted the Din.
4. His name was Shalom for he ended Dovid's monarchy.
(a) There were Amos of 5 Tefachim, 6 Tefachim, and 6 Tefachim
plus a half-Etzba.
(b) (R. Yochanan and R. Meir) The Aron was made with the 6
(c) (R. Yehudah) The building was made with an Amah of 6; the
utensils with an Amah of 5.
(d) R. Meir's position allows for room for the Sefer Torah in
the Aron (as calculated).
(e) Resh Lakish subscribes to the position of R. Yehudah (the
Aron was made using Amos of 5 Tefachim).
8) THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ARON
(f) The Gemara calculates the Luchos and broken Luchos into the
Aron according to R. Yehudah.
(a) The Aron was three boxes, one within the other.
9) THE WRITING OF THE LUCHOS
1. A box of gold within a box of wood, within a box of
(b) (Resh Lakish) There was one box, plated inside and out. (The
requirement of Tetzapenu was fulfilled by covering the seams
between the planks).
2. The requirement of Tetzapenu was fulfilled with
covering the top.
(a) (R. Chaninah) The Luchos were written five and five (Pasuk)..
10) PLACING THE TORAH OF MOSHE
(b) (Rabanan) Ten and ten (Pasuk).
(c) (R. Shimon b. Yochai) Twenty and twenty (Pasuk).
(d) (R. Simai) Forty and forty (Pasuk).
(e) (Chananya b. Achi citing R. Yehoshua) Between each Dibur
were written all the details of the Torah (like a great sea
alluded to in the Pasuk).
(f) Resh Lakish praised this teaching.
(a) Question: According to R. Yehudah, where was the Sefer Torah
of Moshe placed (since, unlike R. Meir, R. Yehudah does not
have room for it in the Aron)?
11) THE GIVING OF THE TORAH
(b) Answer: There was a shelf (until the Plishtim sent the box).
(c) Question: Why wasn't room allocated for it in the Aron?
(d) Answer: The Torah says that the Sefer is to be placed beside
(MiTzad) the Aron.
(e) Question: Why, then, does R. Meir differ?!
(f) Answer: The Pasuk (Shemos 25:21) so indicates.
(g) Question: According to R. Yehudah, the Pasuk is out of order
(the instructions regarding the cover come before the
contents of the Aron).
(h) Answer: There is no time-sequence in the Torah (and the
order is time-reversed).
(a) (R. Pinchas citing Resh Lakish) The Torah given by HaShem to
Moshe was white flame engraved into black flame, mixed in
flame, etched in flame and given in flame.