REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Introduction to ShekalimShekalim 2
SHEKALIM 2 - has been generously dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of
(a) On the first of Adar, Beis-Din ha'Gadol issued two announcements: one
concerning the Shekalim, the other, concerning Kil'ayim.
Where did they
make the former, and what did they announce?
(b) What did the latter announcement comprise?
(c) On the fifteenth of Adar, the walled cities read the Megilah.
the Tana not also inform us that on the fourteenth the cities without walls
(a) They also repaired the paths, the public roads and the Mikva'os.
Why did they announce the Shekalim on the first of Adar?
did they need to repair the roads specifically now?
(b) They also saw to all the public needs, went out to inspect the fields
for Kil'ayim, and marked the graves.
What did the latter comprise, what
purpose did it serve and why did they choose to do it now?
(a) Why did they choose the first of Nisan as the new year for purchasing
(b) Rebbi Tavi learns it from a Gezeirah Shavah "Chodshei" "Chodshei". Where
are these two Pesukim written?
(c) According to Rebbi Yonah, Rebbi Tavi omitted the first half of the
According to him, what does the Gezeirah Shavah come to teach us?
(d) And what does the Beraisa learn from the word "be'Chodsh, le'Chodshei"?
(a) The Mishnah in Megilah confines the difference between the first Adar in
a leap-year and the second, to Mikra Megilah and Matanos la'Evyonim. Rebbi
Yehoshua ben Levi adds the announcing of the Shekalim and of Kil'ayim. Why
did they announce specifically in Adar *Sheini* ...
Answers to questions
(b) How many times a year and on what dates did they withdraw money from the
Lishkah to purchase the Korbanos Tzibur?
- ... the Shekalim?
- ... Kil'ayim?
(a) What reason does the Gemara initially give for the three withdrawals
(b) What is the problem with this explanation?
(c) What then, is the significance of *three* withdrawals?
(a) What is frightening about the following pairs of Pesukim:
(b) Rebbi Chiya bar Ba makes a similar observation from the Pasuk in
Tzefanyah "Achein Hishkimu His'ivu".
- "Kol Nediv Lev Yevi'eha es Terumas Hashem" (Vayakhel) & "Vayisparku Kol ha'Am" (Ki Sisa)?
- "Vayotzei Moshe es ha'Am" (Yisro) & "Vatikrevun Elai Kulchem" (Devarim)?
- "Az Yashir Moshe u'Venei Yisrael" (Beshalach) & "Vatisa Kol ha'Eidah es Kolam" (Ki Sisa)?
What point is he making?
(c) Rebbi Ba bar Acha expressed surprise at the Jewish people, who always
To what was he referring?
(d) How does the Beraisa solve his problem from the Pasuk in Terumah
"ve'Asisa *Kapores* Zahav Tahor"?
(a) To what do the following Pesukim in Terumah refer:
(b) What does the Gemara mean when it says 'Terumas Shekalim le'Korban Mah
she'Yirtzu Ya'asu (Yavi'u)'?
- "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ve'Yikchu Li Terumah"?
- "me'Eis Kol Ish Asher Yidevenu Libo Tikchu es Terumasi"?
- "ve'Zos ha'Terumah Asher Tikchu me'Itam"?
(c) By which of the three gifts does the Torah write "The rich shall not
give more, nor the poor, less"?
(d) Where else are the three gifts hinted?
(a) How does Rebbi Chelbo, who says that even a person who lived in a walled
city can be Yotze Mikra Megilah on the *fourteenth*, explain our Mishnah,
which gives the time for a walled city-dweller as the *fifteenth*?
How do we reconcile Rebbi Chelbo with the above Beraisa?
(b) How does ...
... explain the word in Megilas Esther "bi'Zemaneihem"?
- ... the Talmud Bavli ...
- ... Rebbi Chelbo ...
(c) How do we attempt to reconcile Rebbi Chelbo with our Mishnah, which
emphatically states that the time for people in a walled city to read the
Megilah, is the *fifteenth*?
(d) What is then the Kashya on Rebbi Chelbo from the Beraisa 'Makom
she'Nahagu Likrosah Sh'nei Yamim, Korin Osash Sh'nei Yamim'?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel concerning
Adar Rishon and Adar Sheini.
Answers to questions
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say with
regard to the Mitzvos that apply in Adar Sheini. Which are the only two
Mitzvos that apply in both Adars according to him?
(b) 'Rebbi Chana de'Tzipori Hinhig ke'Raban Shimon ben Gamliel'.
the difference between Halachah and Hinhig?
(c) According to Rebbi Meir, in documents one writes 'Adar Rishon' in Adar
Rishon (according to the text of the Gra) and 'Adar' in Adar Sheini.
does Rebbi Yehudah hold?