(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Shekalim 21


(a) We learnt in our Mishnah, that when the Kohen Gadol died, and his Minchah was brought from Terumas ha'Lishkah or by his heirs, they brought a complete tenth of an Eifah.
Does this men that they brought a tenth of an Eifah in the morning and a tenth of an Eifah in the afternoon, or did they just combine the two halves, to bring them once in the morning, and nothing in the afternoon?

(b) The Gemara asks then asks whether they had to bring the *three* Lugin that came together with the Asiris ha'Eifah, twice, once in the morning and once in the afternoon, or whether they divided it into two, *one and a half* Lugin together with the morning Minchah, and the other one and a half with the afternoon Minchah. How doees it resolve this Sha'leh from the Tamid shel Bein ha'Arbayim? (see Tiklin Chadtin)

(c) And the Gemara resolves the equivalent Sha'leh as to whether *one* Kometz sufficed to cover both the morning and the afternoon halves of the Asirisha'Eifah (as it did when the Kohen Gadol was alive - according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yossi ben Dustai in Menachos), or whether they needed to take *two* Kematzim (one for each Isaron that they were now bringing). How is the Sha'leh resolved from the Minchas Chotei (see Tiklin Chadtin)?

2) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yonoson, who explains our Mishnah 've'Al ha'Parah she'Lo Yihyeh Mo'alin be'Afrah' to be a Takanas Chachamim, with the Beraisa which Darshens this from the Pasuk in Chukas "Chatas *Hi*" ('Bah Mo'alin, ve'Ein Mo'alin be'Afrah')?

***** Hadran Alach Perek Ma'os she'Nimtze'u *****

***** Perek Kol ha'Rokin *****


(a) According to Rebbi Meir, all spittle that was found in Yerushalayim was Tahor.
Tahor from what?

(b) Which area in Yerushalayim was the exception to this rule?

(c) Rebbi Yossi disagrees. According to him, it depended first of all on the season: during the year, any spittle found in the middle of the street was Tamei, and on the side, Tahor.
Why is that?

(d) What would be the Din if it was found on Yom-Tov?

(a) Which found vessels were Tamei in Yerushalayim, and which were Tahor, according to Rebbi Meir?

(b) Rebbi Yossi maintains that most vessels were Tahor, wherever they were found.
Why is that?

(c) What were the three exceptions according to him?

(a) It was permitted to Shecht with a knife that one found in Yerushalayim on the *fourteenth* immediately.
Why is that?

(b) Why, if he found it on the *thirteenth*, was he obligated to Tovel it before using it?

(c) If he found a Kupitz (a large chopping-knife, used mainly for cutting meat and chopping bones), he was obligated to Tovel it in any case.
Why is that? In which unusual case is the Mishnah speaking?

(d) Why were the Kohanim who were Tevulei-Yom not Metamei the knife when they Shechted the Chagigah?

(a) Why was the chopping-knife (which was also sometimes used to Shecht with) permitted immediately, if it was found ...
  1. ... on the fourteenth of Nisan which fell on Shabbos?
  2. ... on the fifteenth of Nisan?
(b) In which circumstances was the chopping-knife always permitted at once?
Answers to questions


7) Some ascribe the decree of Tum'ah on the spittle that was found in the upper-market of Yerushalayim to the 'Katzran shel Nochrim', others to the 'Arodos she'Hayu Nochrin' (See Hagahos ha'Gra).
What were ...

  1. ... the 'Katzran shel Nochrim'?
  2. ... the 'Arodos she'Hayu Nochrin'?


(a) According to Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah, was it the Tehorim or the Teme'im who would call out 'Keep away'! ...
  1. ... during the rest of the year?
  2. ... on Yom-Tov?
(b) How do we reconcile our Tana (who declares Tamei vessels that are found on the path leading down to the Mikveh, Tamei) with Rebbi Avahu quoting Rebbi Yochanan, who says that they did not decree Tum'ah on vessels in Yerushalayim?

(c) Why did *our Tana* call one of the three exceptional vessels ...

  1. ... 'Meritzah'?
  2. ... and *Aba Shaul*, 'Tziporen'?
(d) 'T'ni, ha'Sakin Keshurah Lah, Harei Zu Kamosah'. How does the Korban ha'Eidah initially explain this (to argue with our Mishnah)?
(a) What is the difference whether the Paroches became Tamei through a V'lad ha'Tum'ah or through an Av ha'Tum'ah?

(b) In the latter case, if the Paroches was a new one, they would hang it up to dry, specifically on one of the sheltered seating areas in the Chil.
Why did they do this?

(a) According to Rebbi Shimon ben Gamliel quoting Rebbi Shimon ben ha'S'gan, the Paroches was a Tefach thick. Each cord consisted of twenty-four threads.
How many cords were there?

(b) How long and how wide was the Paroches?

(c) 'u'mi'Shemonim u'Shetayim Ribu Haysa Na'sis'.
What does this mean?

(d) They would make two Parochos annually.
How many Kohanim would Tovel it if it became Tamei?

(a) Which four kinds of threads were used to weave the Paroches?

(b) What does 'Chut' always imply?

(c) The Torah uses the word 'Moshzar' in connection with the Paroches. According to the Tana of our Mishnah, what is the meaning of ...

  1. ... 'Shazur'?
  2. ... 'Moshzar'?
(d) Another Tana learns that each cord of the Paroches consisted of thirty- two threads.
According to him, what is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Shazur'?
  2. ... 'Moshzar'?
12) Yet a third Tana learns that each cord consisted of forty-eight threads. Given that Chut means double, and Keli'ah, trebled, what is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Shazur'?
  2. ... 'Moshzar'?


(a) The Torah describes the screen between the Azarah and the Kodesh as "Ma'seh Rokem", and the Paroches as "Ma'seh Choshev". Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Nechemyah dispute this: one of them holds that Ma'seh Rokem means a lion (for example) on one side and nothing on the other.
What then, is 'Ma'seh Choshev'?

(b) According to the other, Ma'seh Rokem means a lion on either side. Then what is Ma'aseh Choshev?

(c) What does Shmuel say ...

1. ... about the 820,000 Dinrei Zahav which, according to our Mishnah, was the value of the Paroches?
2. ... about the Mishnah in Tamid, which states that, sometimes, there were more than three hundred Kur (nine thousand Sa'ah) of ashes on the Tapu'ach in the middle of the Mizbe'ach?
Answers to questions
Next daf

For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,