POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Shevuos 15
SHEVUOS 15 (6 Adar) - dedicated by the Feldman family in memory of
their father, the Tzadik Harav Yisrael Azriel ben Harav Chaim
(Feldman) of Milwaukee.
1) SANCTIFICATION OF VESSELS USED FOR THE "MIKDASH"
(a) (Mishnah): The same law applies to one who enters the
Azarah, or a (valid) addition...
2) ADDITIONS TO THE CITY OR THE "AZARAH"
(b) Question: What is the source of this?
(c) Answer (Rav Simi bar Chiya): "As (Hash-m) showed (Moshe)
the form of the Mikdash and service vessels, V'Chen
Ta'asu" - for all generations, they must be sanctified
(the same way as in Moshe's day).
(d) Question (Rava - Beraisa): All the service vessels made
in Moshe's day were sanctified through the anointing oil;
after Moshe, they are sanctified through usage.
1. Why don't we say "V'Chen Ta'asu" - they must be
sanctified as in Moshe's day!
(e) Answer: Regarding service vessel it says "Va'Yimshachem
va'Ykadesh *Osam*" - only those vessels were anointed,
not those of later generations.
(f) Question: Why not say that those vessels had to be
anointed, later generations can sanctify them by
anointing *or* by usage!
(g) Answer (Rav Papa): "Asher Yesharasu Vam ba'Kodesh" - this
teaches that usage sanctifies them.
(h) Question: Why is the other verse ("Osam") needed?
(i) Answer: If not for "Osam", one might have thought that
future generations sanctify vessels through anointing
(because of "V'Chen Ta'asu" *and* usage (because of
1. Osam teaches that they are not anointed.
(a) (Mishnah): And with two Todah offerings.
(b) (Beraisa): Bread of the Todos is used, not the meat.
(c) Question: What is the source of this?
(d) Answer (Rav Chisda): "Shtei Sodos Gedolos".
(e) Question: What does it mean "Gedolos"?
1. Suggestion: The biggest species that may be brought
(f) Answer: It means, the largest type of Minchah that
accompany a Todah, i.e. Chametz.
2. Rejection: If so, the verse should explicitly say
3. Suggestion: Big animals of whichever species they
4. Rejection: That is not important in Hash-m's eyes!
i. (Beraisa): It says "Rei'ach Nicho'ach" by
animal offerings, bird offerings and
flour-offerings, to teach that Hash-m is
equally pleased with a small or big offering,
as long as the person intended to please
1. (Mishnah): The Menachos that accompany a Todah are
made from five Sa'im of Yerushalayim, which equal
six Sa'im of when Yisrael were in the wilderness;
(g) (Rami bar Chama): The remainder of a Minchah (after
taking the Kometz) is used to Mekadesh the Azarah.
2. This amount equals two Efos, which is 20 Esronim;
i. Ten Esronim are used for the (ten) Chametz
loaves, ten are used (altogether) for the three
types of Matzah: loaves, wafers and Matzah that
was first scalded with boiling water.
(h) Question: What is the reason?
(i) Answer: It should be like the Kidush of Yerushalayim:
just as we Mekadesh Yerushalayim with something (Todos)
which may be eaten there, we Mekadesh the Azarah with
something which may be eaten in the Azarah.
(j) Objection: We should use Todos, they may be eaten in the
(k) Correction: Rather, just as we Mekadesh Yerushalayim with
something which is disqualified if it leaves
Yerushalayim, we Mekadesh the Azarah with something which
is disqualified if it leaves the Azarah.
(l) Question: We should use Chametz, like Kidush of
(m) Objection: Menachos are not Chametz!
1. Suggestion: We should ferment (make Chametz) the
remainder of a Minchah and Mekadesh with it!
(n) Question: The two loaves brought on Shavu'os are a
Minchah of Chametz!
2. Rejection: "Lo Se'afeh Chametz Chelkam";
i. (Reish Lakish): Even the remainder which the
Kohanim eat, it may not be baked as Chametz.
(o) Answer: They are never fitting to Mekadesh the Azarah.
1. Possibility #1: The Azarah (or addition) was built
before Shavu'os, and the Kidush is before Shavu'os.
2. Rejection: The loaves are not yet Mekudashos (to be
disqualified if they leave the Azarah) until the
accompanying lambs are slaughtered on Shavu'os!
3. Possibility #2: The Azarah was built before
Shavu'os, and the Kidush is on Shavu'os.
4. Rejection: The Kidush must be at the time it is
5. Possibility #3: The building was finished on
Shavu'os, and the Kidush is on Shavu'os.
6. Rejection: We may not build the Mikdash on Shabbos
or Yom Tov!
7. Possibility #4: The building was finished the day
after Shavu'os, and then we are Mekadesh.
8. Rejection: The loaves are disqualified by being left
9. Possibility #5: The building was virtually finished
before Shavu'os, the last bit was finished right
after nightfall after Shavu'os (and then we are
10. Rejection: We may not build the Mikdash at night.
i. (Abaye): "Uv'Yom Hakim Es ha'MIshkan" - the
Mikdash may only be erected or built by day.
(a) (Mishnah): And with singing.
4) HOW THE LOAVES ARE CARRIED
(b) (Beraisa): They sing the Shirah of Todah (Tehilim 100),
with harps and cymbals, on every corner and every big
1. They also sing "Aromimcha..." (the song of
inauguration, Tehilim 30) and the song of (Hash-m's
protection from) damaging angels (Tehilim 91):
(c) R. Yehoshua ben Levi would say these verses before going
to sleep at night.
i. Some call this the song of plagues - "V'Nega Lo
2. They sing from "Yoshev b'Seser Elyon" until "Elyon
Samta Me'onecha" (and "B'Barcho Mipenei Avshalom
Beno" (Tehilim 3) - Gra deletes this).
ii. The first opinion calls it the song of damagers
because it says "Yipol mi'Tzidecha Elef".
(d) Question: But he himself said, it is forbidden to heal
oneself from words of Torah!
(e) Answer: One may use words of Torah for protection.
(f) Question: But to heal a wound, is this merely
1. (Mishnah): One who whispers (the verse "Kol
ha'Machalah...Lo Asim Alecha Ki Ani Hash-m
Rofe'echa") over a wound has no share in the world
(g) Answer: R. Yochanan explained, that is when he spits
first, for we do not mention Hashem's name after
(a) (Mishnah): Beis Din walking, the loaves (after them - Gra
(b) Inference: This implies that Beis Din walks in front of
(c) Question: "Achareihem Hoshaya va'Chatzi Sarei Yehudah"
(d) Answer: The Mishnah means, Beis Din walks and the loaves
1. (The Mishnah did not mean that Beis Din is in
front,) the loaves are in front.
(e) Question: How are they carried?
(f) Answer #1 (R. Chiya or R. Shimon b'Rebbi): One is beside
(g) Answer #2 (The other of R. Chiya and R. Shimon b'Rebbi):
One is in front of the other.
(h) (Mishnah): The inner loaf is eaten, the outer loaf is
1. According to the opinion that one is beside the
other, the inner loaf is the one closer to the wall
(Rashi - both are outside the wall; Tosfos - they
(i) Question: According to the opinion that one is beside the
other, they jointly Mekadesh the place, they should have
the same law!
2. According to the opinion that one is in front of the
other, the inner loaf is the one (in back,) which is
closer to Beis Din.
3. According to this latter opinion, we understand why
the inner loaf is eaten and the outer loaf is burned
- the second loaf was taken on a path already
Mekudash by the first loaf (i.e. the first loaf left
Yerushalayim, but the second loaf did not).
1. Counter-question: Also according to the opinion that
one is in front of the other, it is difficult, how
can the front loaf Mekadesh without the latter?
(j) Answer (R. Yochanan): A prophet instructed that the inner
loaf is eaten, the outer loaf is burned.
i. An addition that was not made with everything
mentioned in the Mishnah (and two loaves are
listed) does not get Kedushah!
2. Even according to the opinion that an addition made
with even only one of the things mentioned in the
Mishnah gets Kedushah, the two loaves are one
Mitzvah (one loaf by itself does nothing)!