(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Shevuos 7

SHEVUOS 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.



(a) We try to learn from the Pasuk "le'Chol Tum'aso Asher Yitma *Bah*" - that eating Terumah be'Tum'ah is precluded from a Korban Oleh ve'Yored, and that the Pasuk must therefore be speaking about Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav.

(b) When we suggest that maybe the Miy'ut comes to preclude Mikdash ve'Kodashav, we mean - that we to preclude them from Korban Oleh ve'Yored, but that they should be obligated to bring a regular Chatas.

(c) Rava turns to a Beraisa to settle the issue. He refers to - Rebbi, its author, as 'Doleh Mayim mi'Boros Amukim'.

(d) Having stated in the Parshah of Korban Oleh ve'Yored "O be'Nivlas Chayah Temei'ah", Rebbi considers the phrase "O be'Nivlas Beheimah Temei'ah" superfluous - based on the Pasuk in Shemini, which opens with "Zos ha'Chayah Asher Tocheilu", and goes on to include Beheimos in the list that follows, to teach us that "Chayah" incorporates 'Beheimah'.

(a) Rebbi learns from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Beheimah Temei'ah" "Nefesh Ki Siga ... O bi'Veheimah Temei'ah" (in Tzav [in connection with someone who then eats Kodshim]) - that just as there, the Pasuk is speaking about Tum'as Kodesh (and not Terumah), so too here (by Korban Olah ve'Yored).

(b) And from the Hekesh "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga ve'el ha'Mikdash Lo Savo", we learn - that Tum'as Mikdash is compared to Tum'as Kodshim, which is therefore included too.

(c) We ask on this from the Pasuk "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga" - that in that case, we should also include Terumah, which is compared to Achilas Kodshim (with regard to a Tevulas Yom Aruch such as a Yoledes, who is not permitted to eat Terumah after the first nightfall, until the night before she brings her Korban).

(d) We counter the suggestion that it is more logical to include Mikdash from the Hekesh and to preclude Terumah from "Bah", because Mikdash, like Kareis, is subject to Kareis - by arguing that by the same token, perhaps it is more logical to include Terumah, because it is similar to Kodesh, since like it, it entails eating whereas Mikdash does not).

(a) So Rava tries to learn Mikdash (as opposed to Terumah) from the three Kerisos that are written in connection with someone who eats Shelamim be'Tum'ah. When Rava says 'Achas li'Chelal (in Parshas Emor) ve'Achas li'P'rat (in Parshas Tzav) - he means that Shelamim is a 'Davar she'Hayah bi'Chelal, she'Yatza Li'don be'Davar he'Chadash', which comes to reflect on the entire K'lal.

(b) Consequently, it is coming to teach us - that only Kodshei Mizbe'ach, like Shelamim, are subject to Kareis for Tum'ah, but not Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis.

(c) The reason that we do not rather treat it as a regular K'lal u'P'rat, in which case we would rule 'Ein bi'Ch'lal Ela Mah she'bi'P'rat' is - because the K'lal and P'rat are far apart (in two different Parshiyos).

(a) From the third Kareis (also in Tzav) Rava learns - Tum'as Kodshim by Korban Oleh ve'Yored (which is currently hanging in abeyance). However, since we already know this from Rebbi, he switches it ('Im Eino Inyan') to Tum'as Mikdash (leaving "Bah" to preclude Terumah).

(b) We refute Rava's explanation however, in face of Rebbi Avahu, who learns from the third Kareis - that one is Chayav Kareis even for eating Kodshim that is not edible (such as wood from the Ma'arachah), Levonah (from the Minchah) and Ketores.

(c) And according to Rebbi Shimon, Rebbi Avahu concludes, we need the third Kareis to include a Chatas Penimis (such as the Par ve'Sa'ir of Yom Kipur) in the Din of Kareis for eating them be'Tum'ah. The reason that ...

1. ... Rebbi Avahu requires a special D'rashah for Rebbi Shimon is - because he specifically precludes things that are inedible from the Din of Kareis.
2. ... Rebbi Shimon requires a special D'rashah for Chata'os Penimi'os is - because he precludes them from Pigul. Consequently, says Rebbi Avahu, if not for the extra 'Kareis', he would have precluded them from Tum'ah, too.
(d) So the Neherda'i in the name of Rava try to learn the Din of Tum'as Mikdash from one of the three extra 'Tum'os' that are mentioned together with the three above-mentioned 'Kerisos'. We refute this suggestion too however - on the grounds that once the Torah has written Kareis (as we just learned), it had no option but to write Tum'ah as well (in which case, none of the three Tum'os is superfluous).
(a) Rava finally learns Tum'as Mikdash from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Tum'aso" (in connection with Korban Oleh ve'Yored) "Tum'aso" (in Parshas Chukas), which is written - in connection with Parah Adumah.

(b) We ask why the Torah now needs to write "Bah". "Bah" cannot come to preclude Terumah from a Korban Oleh ve'Yored - because seeing as it is not Chayav Kareis be'Meizid, it does not need to be precluded (see also Tosfos ha'Rosh).

(c) The problem with the answer (that it comes to include 'Nivlas Of Tahor') is - that previously, we considered "Bah" to be a 'Miy'ut', and not a 'Ribuy'.

(d) Based on the Pasuk "O Ki Yiga", we answer that "Bah" is indeed a Miy'ut', only bearing in mind that 'Nivlas Of Tahor' is automatically precluded from "O Ki Yiga" (since its Tum'ah is confined to swallowing it, and not touching it), it is turned into a 'Miy'ut Achar Miy'ut', which comes to include.




(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Sa'ir Penimi atoned for Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav of which one was aware at the time that one sinned, but forgot later. The Beraisa suggests - that it might have come to atone for the three cardinal sins Avodah-Zarah, Giluy Arayos and Shefichus Damim, since in each case, the Torah uses an expression of Tum'ah.

(b) When the Torah writes ...

1. ... in Kedoshim "Le'ma'an Tamei es Mikdashi" - it is referring to Avodah-Zarah.
2. ... in Acharei-Mos "u'Shemartem es Mishmarti Levilti Asos me'Chukos ha'To'evos ... ve'Lo Sitam'u Bahem" - it is referring to Giluy Arayos.
3. ... in Masei "ve'Lo Setamei es ha'Aretz" - it is referring to Shefichus Damim.
(c) Rebbi Yehudah in the Beraisa learns from the Pasuk "mi'Tum'os B'nei Yisrael" - that the Sa'ir Penimi atones for only some Tum'os (which refers to Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav (seeing as the Torah has already already distinguished it from other Tum'os [as will be explained shortly]).
(a) Rebbi Shimon queries the need for Rebbi Yehudah's D'rashah - because, in his opinion, it can be derived from the Parshah of Chatas Penimi itself, without having to learn it from other sources.

(b) From ...

1. ... the Pasuk "ve'Chiper al ha'Kodesh mi'Tum'os ... " he learns - that the Chatas Penimi comes to atone for Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav.
2. ... the Hekesh "mi'Pish'eihem le'Chol Chatosam" he learns - that it must be coming to atone for sins which do not require a Korban (like "Pish'eihem", which always refers to sins done on purpose, for which there is no Korban), such as where was a Yedi'ah bi'Techilah, but not at the end.
3. ... "le'Chol Chatosam" - that it only atones for cases which can still lead to a Chatas (should the sinner remember what he did) but not to cases where there was no Yedi'ah at all.
(a) The problem with the Tana's passing suggestion that the Sa'ir Penimi comes to atone for the three cardinal sins is - that Meizid is already Chayav Misah, whereas Shogeg is Chayav a Korban (or Galus [so what is the point of the Sa'ir Penimi])?

(b) We answer this Kashya by establishing the need for the Sa'ir Penimi - either by Meizid where there was no warning (see Tosfos DH 'be'Meizid'), or by Shogeg where there was no Yedi'ah at the end (see Tosfos DH 'be'Shogeg').

(c) The second answer that applies to Shefichus Damim, and not to the others is that it speaks be'Shogeg, in one of the various cases where the murderer is not Chayav Galus (e.g. if he killed the victim with an upward stroke).

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,