ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Shevuos 9
SHEVUOS 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) According to Rebbi Yishmael, who holds that 'Ein Bah Yedi'ah
bi'Techilah, ve'Yesh Bah Yedi'ah be'Sof' brings a Korban Olah ve'Yored, the
Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz atones for - 'she'Ein Bah Yedi'ah Lo bi'Techilah
(b) Indeed, the Se'irei ha'Regalim and the Se'irei Rosh Chodesh already
atone for that. However, Rebbi Shimon holds like Rebbi Meir in this point
(that they all atone for the same thing [to atone for a Tum'ah that occurred
between one and the other]).
(c) From the Hekesh of "Mi'levad Chatas ha'Kipurim", he learns - that just
as the Sa'ir Penimi only atones for Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav, so too, does
the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz.
(a) To explain Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel learns
from the Pasuk (in connection with the Musaf of Rosh Chodesh) "u'Se'ir Izim
Echad le'Chatas *la'Hashem*" - that the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz of Rosh
Chodesh (and of the Regalim) atones for a sin that only Hashem is aware of
(i.e. 'she'Ein Bah Yedi'ah Lo bi'Techilah ve'Lo be'Sof').
(b) We query this however, from Resh Lakish, who already Darshens from this
Pasuk - Hashem's request to bring a Korban for Him, to appease the moon for
having made it smaller.
(c) We answer this Kashya - by basing our D'rashah on the fact that the
Torah writes ''la'Hashem'' (and not 'al Hashem').
(d) Nevertheless, Resh Lakish is able to make an additional D'rashah -
because the Torah writes "la'Hashem" (and not 'Chatas Hashem').
(a) We learn that the Sa'ir Rosh Chodesh does not extend to other sins, from
Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael, who learns it from the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz
of Yom Kipur (which is mentioned in this Parshah, too) - from a 'Binyan-Av',
since both are brought at a fixed time.
(b) We cannot learn the Se'irei ha'Regalim from ...
1. ... that of Rosh Chodesh however - because it is 'Tadir' (more common
than they are).
(c) We are nevertheless able to learn the Sa'ir of Rosh Chodesh from that of
Yom Kipur - because its Kaparah is already written (fairly specifically),
and it only requires a 'Giluy Milsa' (an indication) to finalize the Limud
(unlike the other Se'irei ha'Regalim, whose Kaparah is completely
unspecified), and which therefore require a full Limud (and not just a
2. ... that of Yom Kipur - because the atonement of Yom-Kipur is excessive
(generally speaking, it atones for all other sins too).
(a) In fact, we learn the Se'irei ha'Regalim from Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi
Chanina, who says "Sa'ir", "u'Se'ir" - by which he means that since each of
the Pesukim (that deals with the Sa'ir of that particular Yom-Tov, begins
with "u'Se'ir" (with a 'Vav'), and not just "Seri" - we apply the principle
'Vav Mosif al Inyan Rishon' (which is a form of Hekesh), comparing each
subsequent Yom-Tov (Pesach, Shavu'os and Rosh Hashanah) to Rosh-Chodesh
(presumably, we will learn Succos directly from Yom Kipur, in which case,
the following Kashya will not pertain to it).
(b) In spite of the fact that Rosh Chodesh itself is learned from a
'Binyan-Av' from Yom Kipur, (and despite the principle 'Ein Lemeidin Lamed
min ha'Lameid be'Kodshim'), we can learn the other Yamim-Tovim from it -
because whereas we cannot learn a Hekesh from a Hekesh by Kodshim, everyone
agrees that we can learn a Hekesh from a Binyan Av.
(a) We ask whether, when Rebbi Yehudah learns from "la'Hashem" that the
Se'irei Rosh Chodesh ... atone for 'she'Ein Bah Yedi'ah Lo bi'Techilah ve'Lo
be'Sof', this also applies to cases which stand to become known, by which we
mean - that witnesses saw him becoming Tamei and entering the Beis-Hamikdash
or eating Kodesh.
(b) If not - then the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz on Yom Kipur (the Musaf) and
Yom Kipur will atone for them.
(c) The outcome of the She'eilah is based on a Beraisa - which specifically
lists 'Chet she'Sofo Leida' together with 'En Bah Yedi'ah Lo bi'Techilah
(a) According to Rebbi Shimon, the Se'irei Rosh Chodesh atone for a Tahor
person who ate a Tamei Korban. And he learns it from the Pasuk "ve'Osah
Nasan Lachem Laseis es Avon ha'Eidah". This Pasuk is talking about - the
Sa'ir Rosh Chodesh, which Aharon and his sons had not eaten on the eighth
day of the Milu'im, following the death of Nadav and Avihu.
(b) Rebbi Shimon then learns from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Avon" "Avon" (from
the Pasuk in connection with the Tzitz "Ve'hayah al Metzach Aharon Ve'nasa
Aharon es Avon ha'Kodashim ... ") - that the Sa'ir Rosh Chodesh (referred to
in the earlier Pasuk), atones for a Tahor who ate Tamei Kodshim, as we just
(c) And he learns from the word ...
1. ... "Avon *ha'Eidah*" - that it atones for the sinner, and not for the
Korban (like the Tzitz does).
(d) Rav Ashi learns the two above Dinim - from the extra 'Hey' in the Pasuk
"Avon ha'Eidah", and in that of "Avon ha'Kodashim" (from the former, that
the Sa'ir Rosh Chodesh atones only for the person, and from the latter, that
the Tzitz atones only for the Kodshim).
2. ... "*ve'Osah* Nasan Lachem" - that, although we learn the former from
the latter with a 'Gezeirah-Shavah', we do not learn the latter from the
former (to say that the Tzitz should also atone for the Tahor person who ate