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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Shevuos 2

SHEVUOS 2 - The first Daf of Shevuos has been dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Esther (bas Moshe) Farber of Riverdale, NY, who passed away a short while ago (13 Shevat 5763). A descendant of the Chasam Sofer, Esther was a courageous woman, clinging strongly to her heritage despite personal tragedies, who affected the lives of many students and friends.

Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any bearing on the practical Halachah.


(a) What do Shevu'os and Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah ...
  1. ... Shabbos and Mar'os Nega'im all have in common?
  2. ... have in common?
(b) To which type of Shevu'ah is the Tana referring to?

(c) The Pasuk in Vayikra writes specifically "Le'hara O Le'heitiv".
What do these two terms mean?

(d) Which two cases are specifically implied in the 'Shetayim' and which two are included in the 'Arba'?

(a) 'Yedi'as ha'Tum'ah Shetayim' refers to someone who does not know that he is Tamei and eats Kodshim or enters the precincts of the Beis-Hamikdash.
To what does the 'Arba' then refer?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayakhel (in connection with Shabbos) "Vayetzav Moshe Vaya'aviru Kol ba'Machaneh ... "?

(c) If 'Shetayim' constitutes the poor man (who is standing in the street) taking the loaf from the hand of the rich man (who is standing in the house) out into the street, and the rich man placing the loaf into the poor man's hand in the street, what does 'Arba' constitute?

(d) What does ...

  1. ... the 'Sh'tayim' of Mar'os Nega'im comprise?
  2. ... the 'Arba' then comprise?
(a) Regarding Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah, what triple sequence is required in order to bring a Korban Olah ve'Yored?

(b) If he was initially aware of the Tum'ah but then forgot and did not subsequently recall it, the goat that is brought inside, will atone for him until he remembers. To which of the three goats of Yom Kipur does this refer?
What are the other two?

(c) 've'Yom ha'Kipurim Toleh'.
What does this mean?

(a) What will atone for him in the reverse case, if he was initially unaware of the Tum'ah and realized only later that he had been Tamei?

(b) Why is he not then Chayav to bring the Korban Oleh ve'Yored?

(c) What does the Tana Kama learn from the Pasuk (written by the Musaf in Parshas Pinchas) "u'Se'ir Chatas Echad, Milevad Chatas ha'Kipurim"? To which Korban does this latter goat pertain?

(d) What will then atone for someone who entered the Beis-Hamikdash or ate Kodesh without any knowledge at all of the Tum'ah?

Answers to questions



(a) The above is the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah; Rebbi Shimon disagrees by the goats of Rosh Chodesh.
What do they atone for, according to him?

(b) What is the Chidush? Why might we have otherwise thought that they do not?

(c) According to Rebbi Meir, all the goats atone for all of the above.
What is the sole exception?

(d) What is the point of so many Korbanos atoning for the same thing? Surely once something has been atoned for, it does not need to be atoned for again?

(a) Rebbi Shimon repeats the distinctions between the goats of Rosh Chodesh, of the Regalim and of Yom-Kipur.
Why does he do that?

(b) What did Rebbi Shimon reply when they asked him whether a goat that was designated for one of them but was not sacrificed, may be brought on the other?

(c) What did he reply, when they asked him how this is possible, bearing in mind the differences between them?

(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah quotes Rebbi Shimon somewhat differently. He agrees that the goats of Rosh Chodesh atone for a Tahor person who ate Tamei Kodesh.
What does he then go on to say about the goats of ...

  1. ... the Regalim?
  2. ... Yom Kipur?
(a) What did the Rabbanan ask Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah, when he permitted bringing a goat that had been prepared on one of the above days, on any one of the others?

(b) What did he reply?

(c) What atones for ...

  1. ... Zadon Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kadashav?
  2. ... all other sins, from Shogeg to Meizid, from Chayvei Asei to Chayvei Misos?
(a) The Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach atones for Yisre'eilim and Kohanim alike.
Does it also atone for the Kohen Gadol?

(b) In which Kaparah did the Kohanim have a Kaparah of their own? Which Kaparos did it incorporate?

(c) Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
In what way does he compare the blood of the bull of the Kohanim to the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh bi'Fenim of Yisrael?

(d) What does that lead him to say about the Viduy made over than bull?

Answers to questions

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