REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
SHEVUOS 2 - The first Daf of Shevuos has been dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas
Esther (bas Moshe) Farber of Riverdale, NY, who passed away a short while
ago (13 Shevat 5763). A descendant of the Chasam Sofer, Esther was a
courageous woman, clinging strongly to her heritage despite personal
tragedies, who affected the lives of many students and friends.
Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of
Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any
bearing on the practical Halachah.
(a) What do Shevu'os and Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah ...
(b) To which type of Shevu'ah is the Tana referring to?
- ... Shabbos and Mar'os Nega'im all have in common?
- ... have in common?
(c) The Pasuk in Vayikra writes specifically "Le'hara O
What do these two terms mean?
(d) Which two cases are specifically implied in the
'Shetayim' and which two are included in the 'Arba'?
(a) 'Yedi'as ha'Tum'ah Shetayim' refers to someone who does
not know that he is Tamei and eats Kodshim or enters the
precincts of the Beis-Hamikdash.
To what does the
'Arba' then refer?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayakhel (in
connection with Shabbos) "Vayetzav Moshe Vaya'aviru Kol
ba'Machaneh ... "?
(c) If 'Shetayim' constitutes the poor man (who is standing
in the street) taking the loaf from the hand of the rich
man (who is standing in the house) out into the street,
and the rich man placing the loaf into the poor man's
hand in the street, what does 'Arba' constitute?
(d) What does ...
- ... the 'Sh'tayim' of Mar'os Nega'im comprise?
- ... the 'Arba' then comprise?
(a) Regarding Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah, what triple sequence is
required in order to bring a Korban Olah ve'Yored?
(b) If he was initially aware of the Tum'ah but then forgot
and did not subsequently recall it, the goat that is
brought inside, will atone for him until he remembers.
To which of the three goats of Yom Kipur does this refer?
What are the other two?
(c) 've'Yom ha'Kipurim Toleh'.
What does this mean?
(a) What will atone for him in the reverse case, if he was
initially unaware of the Tum'ah and realized only later
that he had been Tamei?
Answers to questions
(b) Why is he not then Chayav to bring the Korban Oleh
(c) What does the Tana Kama learn from the Pasuk (written by
the Musaf in Parshas Pinchas) "u'Se'ir Chatas Echad,
Milevad Chatas ha'Kipurim"? To which Korban does this
latter goat pertain?
(d) What will then atone for someone who entered the
Beis-Hamikdash or ate Kodesh without any knowledge at all
of the Tum'ah?
(a) The above is the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah; Rebbi Shimon
disagrees by the goats of Rosh Chodesh.
What do they
atone for, according to him?
(b) What is the Chidush? Why might we have otherwise thought
that they do not?
(c) According to Rebbi Meir, all the goats atone for all of
What is the sole exception?
(d) What is the point of so many Korbanos atoning for the
same thing? Surely once something has been atoned for, it
does not need to be atoned for again?
(a) Rebbi Shimon repeats the distinctions between the goats
of Rosh Chodesh, of the Regalim and of Yom-Kipur.
does he do that?
(b) What did Rebbi Shimon reply when they asked him whether a
goat that was designated for one of them but was not
sacrificed, may be brought on the other?
(c) What did he reply, when they asked him how this is
possible, bearing in mind the differences between them?
(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah quotes Rebbi Shimon somewhat
differently. He agrees that the goats of Rosh Chodesh
atone for a Tahor person who ate Tamei Kodesh.
does he then go on to say about the goats of ...
- ... the Regalim?
- ... Yom Kipur?
(a) What did the Rabbanan ask Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah, when
he permitted bringing a goat that had been prepared on
one of the above days, on any one of the others?
(b) What did he reply?
(c) What atones for ...
- ... Zadon Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kadashav?
- ... all other sins, from Shogeg to Meizid, from Chayvei Asei to Chayvei Misos?
(a) The Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach atones for Yisre'eilim and
Answers to questions
Does it also atone for the Kohen Gadol?
(b) In which Kaparah did the Kohanim have a Kaparah of their
own? Which Kaparos did it incorporate?
(c) Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
In what way does he compare the
blood of the bull of the Kohanim to the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh
bi'Fenim of Yisrael?
(d) What does that lead him to say about the Viduy made over