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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shevuos 4


(a) Having established 'Shevu'os' by Malkos, we can assume that the entire Mishnah speaks by Malkos.
In which case will Malkos apply to 'Mar'os Nega'im'? What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Hishamer be'Nega Tzara'as"?

(b) We learn this from a principle stated by Rebbi Avin ... Amar Rebbi Yochanan.
Which principle?

(c) What is the problem with establishing the source of Malkos by 'Yetzi'as ha'Shabbos' as "Lo Sa'aseh Kol Melachah"?

(d) How does a reminder that the author of our Mishnah is currently Rebbi Yishmael, solve the problem?

(a) Bearing in mind that, according to Rebbi Yishmael, we just established our Mishnah by Malkos, what problem does this create with the earlier statement that the author of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Akiva, because he holds that one is not Chayav a Korban on 'He'elam Mikdash'?

(b) Why would we prefer to establish our Mishnah like Rebbi Akiva if we could?

(c) What problem do we have (even according to Rebbi Yishmael) with the Lashon 'Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah'?

(d) How do we try to solve the problem?

(a) What problem will this amendment now create regarding the Lashon ...
  1. ... 'Shetayim she'Hein Arba'?
  2. ... 'es she'Yesh Bah Yedi'ah bi'Techilah ... ve'He'elam be'Emtza'?
(b) What third problem do we have with the continuation of the Mishnah?

(c) Rav Yosef finally establish Rebbi as the author of our Mishnah.
How will that answer our original Kashya (that 'Shevu'os' does not go like Rebbi Yishmael, nor 'Yedi'os', like Rebbi Akiva)?

(d) What did Rav Kahana add, when Rav Ashi told him Rav Yosef's conclusion?

(a) To prove his point, Rav Kahana cites a Beraisa, which discusses the two Pesukim "ve'Ne'elam Mimenu ve'Hu Tamei" and "Ve'Ne'elam Mimenu ve'Hu Yada".
What does Rebbi Akiva learn from ...
  1. ... the first Pasuk?
  2. ... the second Pasuk?
(b) On what basis does Rebbi disagree with Rebbi Akiva's second D'rashah? Why does he not consider the Pasuk necessary?

(c) Then what *does* he learn from it? What does this prove?

Answers to questions



(a) By the same token, we assume that Rebbi holds like Rebbi Akiva with regard to 'Shevu'os le'she'Avar'.
What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Yishmael whether to include 'Shevu'os le'she'Avar' or not.

(b) What would Rebbi Akiva then hold had the Torah just written "O Nefesh Ki Sishava Levatei bi'Sefasayim Le'hara O Le'heitiv"?

(c) So what does he now Darshen from the second Ribuy ("le'Chol Asher Yevatei ha'Adam bi'Shevu'ah")?

(d) Rebbi Yishmael Darshens the last K'lal to include whatever is similar to "Le'hara O Le'heitiv" (but only in the future, like "Le'hara O Le'heitiv") .
How would he have Darshened the Pasuk had the Torah only written "O Nefesh Ki Sishava Levatei bi'Sefasayim Le'hara O Le'heitiv"?

(a) Bearing in mind that Rebbi holds like Rebbi Akiva with regard to 'Ribuy, Miy'ut ve'Ribuy', how does he Darshen ...
  1. ... the Miy'ut ve'Ribuy in the Pasuk in Korach " ... be'Erk'cha Kesef Chameishes Shekalim ... Tifdeh"?
  2. ... the first Ribuy "u'Feduyav mi'ben Chodesh"?
(b) How do the Rabbanan Darshen the Pasuk (in the form of a 'K'lal u'P'rat u'K'lal')?

(c) Which three things do they therefore preclude from the P'rat ("be'Erk'cha Kesef Chameishes Shekalim")?

(a) In similar vein, the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Ve'lakachta ... es ha'Martze'a ... Ve'nasata be'Ozno" lends itself to the above two interpretations. On what basis does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah include a sharp piece of wood, a thorn, a needle, an awl and a style?
  2. ... Rebbi preclude anything that is not metal?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah then preclude from "Martze'a"?

(c) How will we reconcile the fact that Rebbi Darshens 'K'lal u'P'rat u'K'lal' as we just concluded, with ...

  1. ... the previous Beraisa, where he Darshened "u'Feduyav mi'ben Chodesh Tifdeh, be'Erk'cha Kesef Chameishes Shekalim" as a 'Ribuy, Miy'ut ve'Ribuy'?
  2. ... Rebbi himself, who established 'Shevu'os in our Mishnah like Rebbi Akiva, only because he Darshens 'Ribuy, Miy'ut ve'Ribuy'?
(d) Ravina informs us that the Rabbanan who argue with Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael interpret two K'lalim that are next to each other like they said in Eretz Yisrael.
What did they say in Eretz Yisrael?
Answers to questions

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