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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shevuos 11


(a) We learned in a Beraisa, 'Nasnah be'Machteshes, Nifseles bi'Tevul-Yom'.
How does this seem to clash with what we just said (that Ketores is only Kedushas Damim)?

(b) This Kashya is based on the Mishnah in Me'ilah. Me'ilah applies to Menachos from the moment they are declared Hekdesh (Kedushas Damim).
Which three Halachos come into effect from the moment one places them into a K'li Shareis?

(c) We counter this Kashya with another Mishnah there. What does the Tana say about the Kometz (of a Minchah), the Levonah, the Ketores, the Minchah of a Kohen, or of a Kohen Gadol (i.e. the daily Minchas Chavitin) and the Minchas Nesachim (that accompanies an animal Korban)? What do they all have in common with regard to Me'ilah?

(d) How do we know that the K'li mentioned in this Mishnah is not the mortar mentioned in the Beraisa?

(a) How do we initially reconcile the Mishnah and the Beraisa? If a mortar is a K'li Shareis, why does the Beraisa omit the P'sul Linah?

(b) Then why does the Mishnah in Me'ilah mention it?

(c) If Ketores is Kadosh Kedushas ha'Guf, how can one possibly redeem it?

(d) How does this also answer the Kashya on Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan? How can one redeem Temidin that are not blemished?

(a) Abaye queries Rabah however, from his own statement.
What did Rabah say about someone who declared a ram Hekdesh Keduushas Damim?

(b) What did Rabah reply? Why will it depend on what the Makdish said?

(c) What does this have to do with 'Leiv Beis-Din Masneh Aleihen'?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, rules that the bull and the goat of Yom Kipur that got lost and were replaced must die, and the same applies to the goats of the Tzibur that served Avodah-Zarah that got lost and were replaced.
What unusual specification do all these animals share?

(b) In what way do they differ from the Se'irei ha'Regalim, about which we learned 'Lo Karvu be'Regel Zeh, Yikarvu be'Regel Acher'?

(c) What do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon say about the bull and the goat of Yom Kipur that got lost and were replaced?

(d) On what grounds do they disagree with Rebbi Yehudah?

(a) Why do we not rule there too, that the two animals go out to Chulin, due to 'Leiv Beis-Din Masneh Aleihen'?

(b) What does the Beraisa say about redeeming a Parah Adumah?

(c) Which three cases does this ruling incorporate?

(d) The Tana then concludes 'Shachtah al-Gabei Ma'arechtah Ein Lah Pedi'ah Olamis'.
What does this mean? Which location is considered 'al-Gabei Ma'arechtah'?

(a) Why does the previous ruling not apply here too?

(b) Is Parah Adumah common?

(c) Then why can (do we initially think) it can be redeemed even without a blemish?

(a) What is 'Ha'amadah ve'Ha'arachah'? To which category of Kodshim does it apply?

(b) To explain the possibility of redeeming a Parah Adumah that has been Shechted, even though it is not a 'bas Ha'amadah ve'Ha'arachah', we try to establish the author as Rebbi Shimon.
How will that solve the problem?

(a) The problem with establishing the Beraisa like Rebbi Shimon lies in another Beraisa, where he says 'Parah Mitam'ah Tum'as Ochlin' (regarding a case where a Sheretz touched it and it touched other food).
What does Rebbi Shimon hold with regard to other Isurei Hana'ah in this regard?

(b) Then what makes Parah Adumah different? What reason does he give for this ruling?

(c) How does Resh Lakish explain this? What does he say according to Rebbi Shimon, about redeeming a Parah Adumah 'al-Gabei Ma'arechtah'?

(a) How have we now proved that the author of the Beraisa cannot be Rebbi Shimon?

(b) So how do we explain the fact that the Parah Adumah can be redeemed even though it is uncommon?

(a) Bearing in mind the principle 'Ein Podin es ha'Kodshim Le'ha'achilan li'Kelavim', what is the point of redeeming a Parah Adumah that died?

(b) Would Beis-Din really institute such a Takanah for a paltry skin?

(c) When, in our Mishnah, the Rabbanan asked Rebbi Shimon how it is possible to bring the Sa'ir of one Yom-Tov on a different Yom-Tov, seeing as they atone for different things, he replied that they all come for Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav.
Why did he not reply 'Leiv Beis-Din Masneh Aleihen'?

(d) What did Rav Idi bar Avin ... Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about unblemished Temidin that are redundant, according to ...

  1. ... Rebbi Shimon?
  2. ... the Rabbanan?
Answers to questions

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