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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shevuos 14


(a) We just learned from the Pasuk "Asher la'Am" that the Sa'ir atones for Yisre'elim, but not for Kohanim.
How do we refute the Kashya that this Pasuk is needed to teach us that it is the people who must pay for it, and not the Kohen Gadol?

(b) Why might we otherwise have thought that the Kohen Gadol should pay for it?

(a) What Kashya do we ask on the need to Darshen "Beis Aharon ... " to counter "Asher Lo"? How does the Beraisa Darshen "Asher Lo"?

(b) What does the Tana then extrapolate from the fact that "Asher Lo" is written ...

  1. ... a second time?
  2. ... a third time?
(c) So how do we explain the initial Kashya? Why would we have precluded the Kohanim from Aharon's Par, even though "Asher Lo" does not imply Aharon only?
(a) How many Kaparos are written in connection with Aharon's Par?

(b) Why does this go nicely with Rebbi Shimon's explanation?

(c) What problem do we have according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(d) So Rebbi Yehudah explains the extra Viduy like Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael.
What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael say with regard to one person atoning for someone else?

(e) How will that explain the extra Viduy here?

**** Hadran Alach 'Shevu'os Shetayim (Kama)' ****

***** Perek Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah *****


(a) 'Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah Shetayim she'Hein Arba'.
Why are they called 'Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah'?

(b) When does the first Yedi'ah take place?

(c) The two Avos (that are written) are two cases of Yedi'as ha'Tum'ah, and the two Toldos, Yedi'as Mikdash or Yedi'as Kodesh (as we already learned). Does it make any difference whether the sinner forgot either the Tumah or the Kodesh or Mikdash, or if he forgot both?

(a) With regard to Tum'as Mikdash, our Mishnah equates the 'Tosefes ha'Azarah' with the Azarah.
What gives the Tosefes ha'Azarah the status of the Azarah?

(b) Which dignitaries are involved in the consecration?

(c) The ceremony includes 'Shir', and two Todos (Thanks-offerings) are carried behind the Beis-Din.
If the inner Todah is eaten, what happens to the outer one?

(d) Who takes up the rear of the procession?

(e) Does this mean that if any of these details are omitted from the ceremony, the additional part of the Azarah remains Chol like before?

Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah discusses a case where someone became Tamei in the Azarah and was aware of this.
Which of three things would he have to forget, there and then, in order to be Chayav a Korban Oleh ve'Yored?

(b) There are also three possibilities regarding the time he remains in the Azarah, that will render him Chayav. One of these is if he prostrates himself there before leaving.
What are the other two?

(c) Would he be Chayav if he were to leave the Azarah by the shortest route, but taking longer to reach the exit than the time it would take him to prostrate himself?

(a) On which Mitzvas Asei is this leniency based?

(b) Under which similar circumstances will he be Chayav Kareis regarding an Asei by Nidah?

(c) Why is that?

(d) Then what should one do?

(a) What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Eliezer learn from the juxtaposition of "O be'Nivlas Sheretz ... ve'Ne'elam Mimenu"?
  2. ...Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "ve'Ne'elam Mimenu ve'Hu Tamei"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael learn from "ve'Ne'elam" "ve'Ne'elam"?
(a) What problem does Rav Papa have with the Lashon of our Mishnah 'Yedi'os ha'Tum'ah Shetayim she'Hein Arba'?

(b) Why did he initially expect the Tana to say 'Shetayim she'Hein Sheish', and not 'Shetayim she'Hein Shemonah' (seeing as He'elam Tum'ah by both Tum'as Mikdash and Tum'as Kodesh also requires Yedi'ah bi'Techilah and Yedi'ah be'Sof)?

(c) Rav Papa himself concludes that in fact, there are eight cases, like Abaye retorted.
Then how does he explain the fact that the Tana states 'four', according to ...

  1. ... the first Lashon?
  2. ... the second Lashon?
(a) Rav Papa asks whether a person who forgot Hilchos Tum'ah will be obligated to bring a Korban Oleh ve'Yored.
Why can the case not be where he touched a dead lizard, but thought that it is a frog that is Tamei and not a lizard?

(b) So what case is Rav Papa referring to? What is the Shiur Tum'ah of a Sheretz?

(c) Then what is the She'eilah? Seeing as he did not know the Shiur Tum'ah, why might he nevertheless be Chayav to bring a Korban?

(d) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?

(a) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah ask about He'elam Mikdash with regard to a ben Bavel who arrived in Eretz Yisrael?

(b) Why can Rebbi Yirmiyah not have asked this She'eilah according to ...

  1. ... Rebbi Akiva (even though he requires Yedi'ah bi'Techilah)?
  2. ... Rebbi Yishmael (even though he incorporates He'elam Mikdash in the Din of Korban Oleh ve'Yored)?
(c) According to which Tana does Rebbi Yirmiyah then ask his She'eilah?

(d) What are the two sides of the She'eilah (which, like the previous one, remains unanswered)? Why might it be worse than 'Yedi'as Beis Rabo' in the case of Tum'ah (where he once knew what a Sheretz was and that touching one would render him Tamei, but forgot)?

Answers to questions

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