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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shevuos 26


(a) Bearing in mind that the Torah has just written "Lehara O Leheitiv", what does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Asher Yevatei"?
  2. ... "*Le'Chol* Asher Yevatei ha'Adam bi'Shevu'ah"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael say?

(c) What problem does Rebbi Akiva have with Rebbi Yishmael's opinion?

(d) Rebbi Yochanan explains that Rebbi Yishmael Darshened the Torah like his Rebbi Nechunyah ben Hakaneh in the form of 'K'lal u'P'rat U'K'lal'.
How did Rebbi Akiva, following *his* Rebbe, Darshen it? What was the name of his Rebbe?

(a) Rebbi Akiva Darshened 'Ribuy Mi'ut ve'Ribuy'. "O Nefesh Ki Sishava", Ribah; "Lehara O Leheitiv", Mi'at; "Le'chol Asher Yevatei ha'Adam", Chazar ve'Ribah'.
What do we learn from the Mi'ut?

(b) And what does Rebbi Yishmael learn from ...

  1. ... "Le'chol Asher Yevatei ha'Adam" (which he considers a 'K'lal')?
  2. ... "Lehara O Leheitiv" (which he considers a 'P'rat')?
(c) In what regard does Rebbi Yitzchak (based on "Lehara O Leheitiv") connect Shevu'as Bituy to ''Lo Yachel Devaro" (of Nedarim)? Which Kashya on Rebbi Yishmael does he answer with this?

(d) With which La'av does "Lehara O Leheitiv" not go so well?

(e) Rav Yitzchak bar Avin answers the Kashya 'Eipuch' by quoting the Pasuk "O Nefesh Ki Sishava Levatei bi'Sefasayim".
What does he learn from the fact that "Ki Sishava" precedes "Levatei"?

(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "le'Chol Asher Yevatei *ha'Adam*"?

(b) We illustrate this with the story of Rav Kahana and Rav Asi.
What happened there?

(c) The Tana precludes Meizid from the word "ve'Ne'elam".
What does he learn from the juxtaposition of "ve'Ne'elam" to "bi'Shevu'ah"?

(a) Why did they laugh at the latter D'rashah in Eretz Yisrael? What is the case?

(b) What does 'Inshi Cheftza' mean?

(c) They had no problem with 'Shevu'ah B'li Cheifetz'.
What is the case?

(d) So what did Rebbi Elazar rule with regard to 'Cheifetz B'li Shevu'ah'?

(a) Rav Yosef disagreed with the B'nei Eretz Yisrael.
What did he say?
What case of 'Cheifetz B'li Shevu'ah did he present?

(b) Abaye asked Rav Yosef that it is considered a He'elam Shevu'ah, because the Korban comes for what he is holding in his hand, or for the bread that he ate, which is a He'elam Shevu'ah.
What did Rav Yosef reply?

(c) Rava asked Rav Nachman what the Din would be if someone forgot both the Cheifetz and the Shevu'ah.
What did he retort when Rav Nachman replied 'Harei He'elam Shevu'ah be'Yado ve'Chayav'?

(d) And what did Ravina retort when Rav Ashi suggested that we should check and see what would have caused him to desist, the knowledge of the Cheifetz or the knowledge of the Shevu'ah?

(e) So what is the outcome of Rava's She'eilah?

Answers to questions



(a) Based on the current Beraisa, what problem does Rava have with Shigegas Bituy Shevu'ah le'she'Avar (according to Rebbi Akiva)?

(b) Why did he not have the same problem with 'le'Haba'?

(c) Rav Nachman answered Rava by establishing the Beraisa like Munbaz with regard to Shigegas Shabbos.
What did he say there?

(d) Why might our Beraisa even hold like the Rabbanan? What makes Shevu'as Bituy different?

(a) Ravina asked Rava what the Din will be if someone makes a Shevu'ah forbidding a loaf on himself, and in a moment of starvation, he forgot the Shevu'ah and ate it, whether he is Chayav a Korban or not.
What did Rava reply? Why was the answer obvious?

(b) So Ravina amended the She'eilah to a case where he was very hungry and would have eaten the loaf anyway (even though his life was not in danger). What was Rava's reply, based on the Mishnah in Hori'os?

(a) What does Shmuel learn from the Pasuk "Levatei bi'Sefasayim"?

(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "le'Chol Asher Yevatei bi'Sefasayim"?

(c) How does Rav Sheishes reconcile this with the Reisha ''bi'Sefasayim", 've'Lo be'Leiv'? How does he interpret ...

  1. ... the Reisha?
  2. ... the Seifa?
(d) Shmuel explains the Beraisa differently.
If, according to him, the Reisha means ''bi'Sefasayim", 've'Lo she'Gamar be'Libo Lehotzi Pas Chitin, ve'Hotzi Pas Se'orin' (meaning that his Shevu'ah must conform with his intentions), what does the Seifa mean?
(a) Following the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei (in connection with a Neder to bring a Korban) "Motzei Sefasecha Tishmor ve'Asisa", what does a second Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Vayakhel (in connection with the donations for the Mishkan) "Kol Nediv Leiv"?

(b) How do we reconcile this with Shmuel, who requires a Shevu'ah to be verbalized, according to those who hold ...

  1. ... Sh'nei Kesuvim ha'Ba'im ke'Echad Ein Melamdin'?
  2. ... Sh'nei Kesuvim ha'Ba'im ke'Echad Melamdin'
(c) If the above Pasuk is written in connection with Kodshim (see Tosfos DH 'Mishum'), which is the Pasuk by Terumah to which we are referring?
Answers to questions

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