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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shevuos 28


(a) In the previous Sugya, we cited the Beraisa 'Mi she'Nadar Sh'tei Neziros u'Manah Rishonah ve'Hifrish Alehah Korban, ve'Achar-Kach Nish'al al ha'Rishonah, Alsah Lo Sheniyah ba'Rishonah'.
How does this Beraisa create a problem for Rava (who requires something substantial to remain of the Shevu'ah, before one can annul it)?

(b) How do we reconcile Rava with the Beraisa ...

  1. ... initially?
  2. ... after citing another Beraisa which establishes it by 'Kipar' (and 'Hifrish Alehah Korban' really means 'Hikriv' [Ritva])? Who will then be the author?
  3. ... after citing a third Beraisa which establishes it by 'Gilach'? Why does Rav Ashi consider Nezirus different?
(a) Ameimar disagrees with Rava. According to him, his Shevu'ah can be annulled even after the Nishba contravened the Shevu'ah and ate the loaf.
Why do we say that, assuming he ate it ...
  1. ... be'Shogeg?
  2. ... be'Meizid?
(b) In the latter case, Ameimar permits it up to the time that he is tied to the Amud to receive Malkos.
Why does he say that? What does this have to do with Shmuel?

(c) On what basis do we refute Ameimar's latter statement?

(d) Until which stage then, is it possible to annul his Shevu'ah?

(a) What does Rava rule in a case where someone makes a Shevu'ah not to eat loaf a. if he eats loaf b., and he ate loaf b. be'Shogeg and loaf a. be'Meizid?

(b) What would the Din have been had he eaten loaf a. be'Shogeg? Would he have been Chayav a Korban?

(c) And what does Rava rule in the reverse case, where he ate loaf b. be'Meizid and loaf a. be'Shogeg?

(d) What is the basis for the difference between the two previous rulings?
What creates the Chiyuv of a Shevu'ah which is connected to a condition?

(a) Based on the previous S'vara, what does Rava say in a case where the Nishba ate both loaves ...
  1. ... be'Shogeg?
  2. ... be'Meizid, first loaf b. (the T'nai), and then loaf a.?
  3. ... be'Meizid, first loaf a. and then loaf b.? Why will he be Patur according to Resh Lakish?
(b) Why will it not help to issue the warning before he eats loaf b., making it a Hasra'as Vaday?
Answers to questions



(a) What does Rava mean when he then discusses ...
  1. ... 'Tal'an Zu be'Zu'?
  2. ... a case where he ate each one 'be'Zadon Atzmah ve'Shigegas Chavertah'?
(b) Why does he rule 'Patur' on each loaf?

(c) And what does Rava mean when ...

  1. ... he discusses a case where he ate each loaf 'be'Shigegas Atzmah ve'Zadon Chavertah'?
  2. ... he rules 'Chayav'?
(d) If he ate both loaves be'Shogeg, Rava rules Patur (because of "ha'Adam" 'bi'Shevu'ah'), and if he ate both be'Meizid, he rules 'Chayav' for the second one.
What does he say about the first one?
(a) The Mishnah in Nedarim lists four types of Neder that do not take effect, one of them is Nidrei Shegagos.
What does the Tana there say about someone who declares something Asur on the assumption that he had eaten or drunk that day (thinking that he had not), and then remembered that in fact, he had?

(b) Which second case does the Tana include in Nidrei Shegagos?

(c) What does Rav Mari prove from here?

(d) How does Rav Mari know that the Mishnah ...

  1. ... which is speaking specifically about Nidrei Shegagos, extends to Shevu'os Shegagos as well?
  2. ... is speaking where the Nishba connected his Neder to a condition?
    Maybe he is speaking when he simply said 'Konem Alai Achilah', and forgot and ate?
  3. ... means Patur and Mutar? Maybe the Tana means that he is Patur from Malkos?
(a) What did Avimi comment when Eifah his brother (who was learning Shevu'os in Rabah's Yeshivah) in reply to his question, answered 'Shevu'ah she'Lo Achalti, Shevu'ah she'Lo Achalti, Eino Chayav Ela Achas' (because of the principle 'Ein Shevu'ah Chalah al Shevu'ah')?

(b) So when *does* the principle 'Ein Shevu'ah Chalah al Shevu'ah' apply?

(c) And what did Eifah rule when Avimi asked him what the Din will be if someone declared ...

  1. ... that he would not eat nine figs, and then that he would not eat ten?
  2. ... that he would not eat ten figs, and then that he would not eat nine?
(d) On what grounds did Avimi correct his brother's...
  1. ... earlier ruling?
  2. ... latter ruling?
(a) Abaye quoted a ruling of Rabah.
What did Rabah say about someone who declared that he would not eat figs and grapes, and then, after declaring that he would not eat figs, he ate figs and after then designating a Korban for having transgressed the second Shevu'ah, he went and ate grapes?

(b) Why did the grapes not combine with the figs to obligate him to bring a Korban on the first Shevu'ah, too?

(c) Why was he not Chayav anyway for eating grapes alone?

(d) How did Abaye partially corroborate Eifah's latter ruling from there?

Answers to questions

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