REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Shevuos 36
SHEVUOS 36 - dedicated anonymously to merit a Refu'ah Sheleimah for all in
Klal Yisrael who need one.
(a) About whom does the Pasuk in Yechezkel write "Vayovei Oso be'Alah"?
(b) What does Rebbi Avahu prove from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim (in
connection with the same episode) "ve'Gam ba'Melech Nevuchadnetzar Marad
Asher Hishbi'o b'Elokim"?
(c) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says about 'Arur', 'Bo
Niduy, Bo Shevu'ah, Bo Kelalah'?
(a) The Tana proves from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with the
inhabitants of Meroz, who refused to participate in the battle against
Sisro) "Oru Meroz, Amar Mal'ach Hashem Oru Arur Yoshvehah" that 'Arur' is a
Lashon of Niduy, from a statement of Ula.
What, according to Ula, did
Barak do as a result of the above?
(b) And what does the Tana prove from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Eileh Ya'amdu
al ha'Kelalah be'Har Eival", followed by "Arur ha'Ish Asher Ya'aseh Pesel"?
(c) On what grounds do we refute the Beraisa's original proof that 'Arur'
contains Shevu'ah from the Pasuk in Yehoshua (in connection with whoever
would rebuild Yericho) "Vayashba Yehoshua ba'Eis ha'Hi Leimor Arur ha'Ish
(a) We finally prove that 'Arur' is synonymous with Kelalah from the Pasuk
in Shmuel (in connection with the oath that Shaul made forbidding Yisrael to
eat that day before the battle was won) "Vayo'el Shaul es ha'Am Leimor Arur
ha'Ish ... " followed by "vi'Yehonasan Lo Shama be'Hashbi'a Aviv es ha'Am
What objection do we raise to this proof?
(b) On what grounds do we refute it?
(c) What do we now have to say about the previous Kashya?
(a) In similar style to the previous Beraisa, what does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
Chanina learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar say about 'La'av' and 'Hein'?
- ... in Naso (in connection with a Sotah) "Ve'amrah ha'Ishah Amen Amen"?
- ... in Ki Savo (in connection with the acceptance of the 'K'lalos' at Har Eival) "Arur Asher Lo Yakim ... Ve'amar Kol ha'Am Amen ve'Amen"?
- ... in Yirmiyah (in connection with the false prophecy of Chananyah ben Azur, who prophesied that the vessels that had already been taken to Bavel would be returned) "Amen Kein Ya'aseh Hashem, Yakem Hashem es Devarecha"?
(c) If Rebbi Elazar knows that 'La'av' is a Shevu'ah, because the Torah
writes (in No'ach) "ve'Lo Yih'yeh Od ha'Mayim le'Mabul, and in Yeshayah "Ki
Mei No'ach Zos Li Asher Nishba'ti", from where does he know that 'Hein' is a
(d) How does Rava qualify Rebbi Elazar's Halachah? When will 'La'av' be
considered a Shevu'ah and when not?
(a) Bearing in mind that the Pasuk in Emor has already written "ve'Nokev
Sheim Hashem Mos Yumas", what does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa learn from the
Pasuk there "Ish Ish Ki Yekalel Elokav ve'Nasa Chet'o"?
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?
(c) The Chachamim in our Mishnah, who are synonymous with Rebbi Menachem
b'Rebbi Yossi, sentence someone who curses his father or mother to death,
only if he cursed them with the Name of Hashem.
How does Rebbi Menachem
b'Rebbi Yossi interpret the Pasuk there "be'Nokvo Sheim Yumas"?
(a) What does Rebbi Yanai learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) On which principle of Rebbi Avin Amar Rebbi Ila'a is the earlier
- ... in Va'eschanan "Rak Hishamer Lecha u'Shemor Nafsh'cha Me'od"?
- ... in Kedoshim "Lo Sekalel Cheresh"?
(c) And what does Rebbi Yanai mean when he adds 've'Divrei ha'Kol'?
(a) What did Rav Yehudah mean when, in response to that Rav Kahana, who
quoted Zu Hi Alah ... ' as it appears in our Mishnah, he retorted
(b) Rav Kahana said the same in response to a certain Talmid-Chacham who
quoted the Pasuk in Tehilim ("Gam Al Yitatzcha la'Netzach ... ") as it is
Why do we need to cite the second case? Why will the first one
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Al Yakcha vi'Yevarech'cha ve'Yeitiv Lecha,
Rebbi Meir Mechayev ... '.
What problem do we have with this?
(b) We answer 'Eipuch'.
What did Rebbi Yitzchak say?
(c) Faced with this dilemma, what did Rav Yosef conclude? How does he then
resolve the discrepancy in Rebbi Meir?
(d) We have a problem with this however, from Sotah.
What do we initially
try to Darshen from the Pasuk in Naso (in connection with Sotah) "Hinaki"?
Do we really need a Pasuk to bless a Sotah?
(a) How does Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i explain the Pasuk according to
Rebbi Meir, who does not hold ' ... I Atah Shome'a Hein'?
***** Hadran Alach 'Shevu'as ha'Eidus'*****
(b) What problem does this leave us with?
(c) So we revert to Rebbi Yitzchak's answer. Ravina however, queries this
from a Mishnah in Sanhedrin. The Pasuk writes in Shemini "Yayin ve'Sheichar
Al Teisht ve'Lo Samusu".
From where does the Mishnah in Sanhedrin learn
that a Kohen is Chayav Misah if he enters the Beis Hamikdash ...
(d) Seeing as nobody argues with this Mishnah, it is clear that Rav Yosef
was right to differentiate between Mamon and Isur, according to Rebbi Meir.
How will we then explain the Sugya in Sotah? Why does Rebbi there hold
'mi'Chelal La'av I Atah Shome'a Hein'?
- ... after having drunk wine ?
- ... with long hair?
(e) It is nevertheless necessary to invert our Mishnah, so that Rebbi Meir
holds Patur, and the Rabbanan, Chayav. Because, if Rebbi Meir were to hold
Chayav, we would have to establish the case by Isur which does include
Mamon. Now if the Rabbanan were to hold 'mi'Chelal La'av I Atah Shome'a
Hein' in such a case, then how would they explain the Isur of Shesuyei Yayin
(like we asked earlier on Rebbi Meir)?
Answers to questions
***** Perek Shevu'as ha'Pikadon *****
(a) Our Mishnah learns 'Shevu'as ha'Pikadon Noheges ba'Anashim u've'Nashim
... ', as we already discussed in the previous Perek. What does Rebbi Meir
hold with regard to 'mi'Pi Acherim' by Shevu'as ha'Pikadon?
(b) The Rabbanan obligate him even Chutz le'Beis-Din as well.
What is the
basis of their Machlokes?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he states ... 've'Chayav al Z'don
Shevu'ah'? What is 'Z'don Shevu'ah'?
(d) In fact, he is Chayav even if he is Meizid on either the Shevu'ah or
just on the Pikadon (but Shogeg on the Shevu'ah).
Bearing in mind that
Shevu'as Bituy is only Chayav for Shogeg, why is Shevu'as ha'Pikadon Chayav
for Meizid as well?
(e) Why is the Nishba then Patur if he is Shogeg in both?
(a) What is the Nishba Chayav? What must be the minimum value of the Korban?
(b) The pattern of claim and denial is basically identical with that of
Shevu'as ha'Eidus. If the claimant made him swear five times, he is Chayav
to bring five Ashamos.
What reason does Rebbi Shimon give for this?
(a) If five people claim a Pikadon from Reuven, how many Korbanos will he
have to bring if he answers ...
(b) Rebbi Elazar requires him to mention 'Shevu'ah' at the end.
- ... 'Shevu'ah she'Ein Lachem be'Yadi'?
- ... 'Shevu'ah she'Ein Lecha be'Yadi, ve'Lo Lecha ve'Lo Lecha ... '?
Rebbi Shimon say?
(c) By the same token, according to the Tana Kama, when will Shimon be
Chayav one Korban and when will he be Chayav for each item, if Reuven claims
from him ...
- ... a Pikadon, a loan, something that he stole and a lost article?
- ... wheat, barley and spelt?
(a) If Reuven claims that Shimon raped or seduced his daughter, and he
denies it with a Shevu'ah, on what grounds does Rebbi Shimon exempt him from
Answers to questions
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?
(c) If Shimon swears that he did not steal Reuven's ox, he is Chayav.
is he then Patur if he admits that he stole it, but denies having Shechted
or sold it?
(d) And what will be the Din if under oath ...
- ... Shimon denies having wounded Reuven?
- ... a master denies having blinded his Eved or knocking out his tooth?