POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sotah 36
SOTAH 36 - Dedicated by Lawrence and Judy Turkel to Mr. and Mrs. David
Kornfeld and their lovely family. May they always be blessed with good
health and all that they need.
1) ENTERING ERETZ YISRAEL
(a) Answer: It is as R. Shimon.
2) THE NAMES OF THE TRIBES ON THE STONES OF THE EPHOD
(b) (Beraisa): Many miracles were done on that day:
1. Yisrael crossed the Jordan (the water piled up while
(c) (Beraisa): The wasp (that killed their enemies) did not
cross the Jordan with them.
2. They came to Har Grizim and Har Eival, a journey of
more than 60 Mil;
3. No one was able to oppose them; anyone that tried
immediately had diarrhea (from fright).
i. "I will send my terror before you, and I will
confound the nation you will come upon";
4. They brought the rocks, built the altar, plastered
it, and wrote the entire Torah on it in 70 languages
- "Well explained".
ii. "Terror and fear should fall upon them, until
your nation will pass" - this is the 1st entry
into Eretz Yisrael (with Yehoshua);A
iii. "Until will pass this nation you acquired" -
this is the 2nd entry (with Ezra).
iv. The juxtaposition shows that it was fitting
that the 2nd entry should have been miraculous,
as the 1st, but sins prevented this.
5. They sacrificed burnt-offerings and Shelamim, ate,
dank, rejoiced, said the blessings and curses.
6. They dissembled the rocks of the altar and came to
Gilgal to spend the night - "You will carry them
with you and place them at the lodging where you
will spend the night.
i. One might have thought, at any lodging - "Where
you will spend the night".
(d) Question: "I will send the wasp in front of you"!
(e) Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): It stayed on the east bank of
the Jordan and shot poison at the Kena'anim, blinding
them and castrating them - "And I destroyed their fruit
from above and their roots from below".
(f) Answer #2 (Rav Papa): There were 2 wasps: 1 in the wars
Moshe fought (against Sichon and Og), which did not cross
the Jordan; and 1 in Yehoshua's wars, which did cross.
(a) (Mishnah): 6 tribes went on Har Grizim ...
(b) Question: Why does the verse say "The half (on Har
(c) Answer #1 (Rav Kahana): The division of the tribes into 2
groups of 6 was the same as the division of their names
on the 2 stones of the Ephod.
(d) Question (Beraisa): ... "6 of their names on 1 stone; the
2nd stone, as their birth" - but on the 1st stone, they
are not as their birth, for Yehudah was written first;
there were 25 letters in the names on each stone;
(e) R. Chanina ben Gamliel says, the tribes are not ordered
as at the beginning of the book of Numbers, rather as the
beginning of the book of Shemos.
3) YOSEF SANCTIFIED HASHEM'S NAME
1. The first stone has the sons of Leah, in order of
their birth; Rachel's 2 sons are at the top and
bottom of the 2nd stone, and the sons of Zilpah and
Bilhah are in between.
(f) Question: How can we explain why it says "The half"?
2. Question: But the verse says "According to their
3. Answer: They are written as Yakov called them at
birth, not as they are written later in the Torah.
i. 'Reuven', not (the tribe of) 'Reuveni' ...
4. Rav Kahana is refuted.
(g) Answer (Beraisa): The half (of the tribes) on Har Grizim
had more people than the half on Har Eival, because part
of Levi stayed below.
(h) Objection: To the contrary! (Levi was 1 of the tribes on
Har Grizim -) because part of Levi stayed below, there
should be fewer on Har Grizim!
(i) Answer: The Beraisa means, even though part of Levi
stayed below, there were more on Har Grizim, because
Yosef was with them.
1. "Bnei Yosef said to Yehoshua, 'Why did you only give
us 1 portion? We are numerous!'"
(j) Question: When you count the letters of the names of the
tribes, there are only 49, not 50!
2. "Yehoshua answered, 'If so, go to the forest.'"
i. He advised them to hide themselves in the
forest, so an evil eye will not harm them.
ii. They told him that an evil eye does not harm
the seed of Yosef.
iii. (R. Avahu): "Alei Ayin" - this may be read
"Olei Ayin (they ascend over the eye).
iv. (R. Yosi bar Chanina): "They will increase as
fish in the midst of the land" - just as fish
are covered in the water, and the (evil) eye
does not rule over them, also the eye does not
rule over the seed of Yosef.
(k) Answer (R. Yitzchak): A letter was added to Yosef's name
- "Testimony in Yehosef is his name..."
(l) Objection (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): But it says
"According to their birth", and his name was Yosef at
(m) Answer #2: In all other places, Binyamin is spelled with
only 1 Yud; on the stone, it was spelled as at his birth,
with an additional Yud.
(a) (Rav Chana bar Bizna): Yosef sanctified Hash-m's name in
private, 1 letter of Hash-m's name was added to his name;
Yehudah sanctified Hash-m's name in public, his name
includes all letters of Hash-m's name.
(b) (R. Yochanan): "On a day as this, (Yosef) came to the
house to do his work" - he and Potifar's wife both
intended to sin.
(c) (Rav or Shmuel): Yosef came to do his job.
(d) (The other of Rav and Shmuel): Yosef came to be with her.
(e) Question: "There was no one in the house" - this is
unreasonable, the evil Potifar had a very large
(f) Answer (Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): It was their holiday;
they all went to their worship; she claimed that she was
sick, thinking that this was her best day to be with
(g) "She grabbed him by his garment, saying..." - the image
of Yakov appeared to Yosef in the window.
1. He said to him 'Your brothers' names will be written
on the stones of the Ephod, also your name should be
there - do you want (to sin, causing) that your name
should be erased, and you will be known as a
conductor of harlots?!
(h) (R. Yochanan): "His strength was firmly founded" - his
Ever was erected; "And gushed out from his hands" - he
stuck his hands in the ground, and the semen came out
through his fingernails.
i. "A conductor of harlots loses great wealth".
(i) "At the hands of the might of Yakov" - the might of Yakov
is what caused that Yosef's name should be written on the
stones of the Ephod; "From there, a shepherd of the Rock
of Yisrael" - from there, he merited to become a shepherd
- "Shepherd of Yisrael, listen, conduct the flock as
(j) (Beraisa): 12 tribes should have descended from Yosef, as
from Yakov - "These are the generations of Yakov, Yosef"
- since the semen exuded from his fingernails, he only
merited to have 2 sons.
1. Nevertheless, the 10 lacking descended from
Binyamin, and all were called names relating to
(k) (R. Chiya bar Aba): When Par'oh put Yosef in power,
Par'oh's astrologers objected - 'A slave that was bought
for 20 pieces of silver, you will put him over us?!'
i. Bela - he was swallowed (Nivla) among the
ii. Becher - he was firstborn (Bechor) to his
iii. Ashbel - Hash-m took him captive (Shavo Kel);
iv. Gera - He lived (Gar) as a guest;
v. Na'aman - He was extremely pleasing (Na'im);
vi. Achi and Rosh - He was my brother (Ach) and
vii. Mupim and Chupim - he did not see my Chupah,
and I did not see his;
viii.Ard - He descended (Yarad) among the nations;
others say, his face was as a rose (Varad).
1. Par'oh: I see qualities of kingship in him.
(l) Gavriel came to teach him the 70 languages; he was unable
to learn until he added a Hei from Hash-m's name to
Yosef's name - "Testimony in Yehosef is his name, in his
going out over Mitzrayim..."
2. The astrologers: If so, he should know the 70
(m) The next day, he was able to answer Par'oh in every
language Par'oh spoke to him. Yosef spoke to Par'oh in
Hebrew, and Par'oh did not understand. Par'oh asked him
to teach him Hebrew, but he was unable to learn.
(n) Par'oh made Yosef swear that Yosef will not reveal that
Par'oh does not know Hebrew.
1. When Yosef asked to bury his father in Eretz
Yisrael, as he had sworn, Par'oh told him to have
Chachamim permit his oath.
(o) Question: How did Yehudah sanctify Hash-m's name in
2. Yosef: If so, they should also permit the oath I
made to you (not to reveal)!
3. Par'oh reluctantly allowed Yosef to fulfill his
(p) Answer (Beraisa - R. Meir): When Yisrael stood at the Red
Sea, the tribes were contesting which will enter first.