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Sukah 16

SUKAH 16 - Dedicated by Mr. A. Neff of New Rochelle, NY

1a) [line 1] MITAH METAMES CHAVILAH - a bed receives Tum'ah only when it is completely assembled
b) [line 5] U'METAHERES CHAVILAH - and can only become Tahor when immersed in a Mikvah while it is completely assembled (see Insights)

2a) [line 5] L'MISMECHINHU A'GUDA - (a) to put the Aruchah the width of a bed away from a wall, and parallel to it (the wall substitutes as the other Aruchah of the bed) (RASHI); (b) to *lean* the Aruchah with its legs against a wall (ARUCH Erech Shad #1)
b) [line 5] UL'MEISEIV ALAIHU - (a) and to *put* two widthwise sticks on the Aruchah and on the wall forming the head and foot of the bed (RASHI); (b) and to *sit* on them (ARUCH ibid.)
c) [line 6] U'MISHDA ASHLEI - (a) and to form a network of ropes [to be used as the mattress of the bed] (RASHI); (b) and to spin or twist ropes of hemp or flax (the spinning of ropes must be done while sitting on a high platform) (ARUCH ibid.)

3) [line 8] MATLANIYOS - pieces of cloth
4) [line 8] SHALOSH AL SHALOSH - three Etzba'os by three Etzba'os 1 Etzba = approximately 2 cm (.79 in.) or 2.4 cm (.94 in.), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

5a) [line 11] SHIFA - (O.F. lesche - sedge, a rush-like or flag-like plant that grows in wet places) rush, a marsh plant with a slender pithy stem
b) [line 11] GEMI - (O.F. jonc) reed-grass, bulrush
6) [line 12] MACHATZELES HA'KANIM - a mat made of reeds
7) [line 21] IKA D'RAMI LEI MIRMA - there are those who learn this Sugya in a different way; the Beraisa is brought as a contradiction to the Mishnah

8) [line 26] HA'MESHALSHEL DEFANOS: MIL'MA'ALAH LA'MATAH - (O.F. trecier - to weave, to plait) one who weaves curtains or mats as the walls of a Sukah, from the top downward

9) [last line] B'SOCH OGNO - within its embankment (i.e. the Mechitzah measures ten Tefachim from the top of the well down, suspended above the water)


(a) THE TORAH LAW - According to Torah law, in a courtyard (Chatzer) which has in it houses owned by different people, all of the neighbors may transfer objects from their houses to the courtyard and into other houses on Shabbos. Even though each house is a separately owned Reshus ha'Yachid and the Chatzer is a jointly owned Reshus ha'Yachid, it is permissible to move objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another.
(b) ERUV CHATZEIROS - King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden unless an *Eruv Chatzeiros* (lit. a mixing of the courtyard, Rambam Hil. Eruvin 1:6; or fraternization of the courtyard, Eruvin 49a) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a *Shituf Mavo'os*. This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard (or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway). This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. Through this act, they can be considered one Reshus again. (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)

11) [line 13] TZIPORI - a city in the upper Galilee, near Tiberias
12) [line 31] PAS - a board
13) [last line] MESHECH - the length and width

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