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Sukah 53

SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 3] ASHREI YALDUSHEINU SHE'LO BIYESHAH ES ZIKNUSEINU - how fortunate are we that the years of our youth do not embarrass us in our old age, i.e. that we did not commit transgressions even in our youth

*2*) [line 8] AL HILEL HA'ZAKEN IM ANI KAN HA'KOL KAN - (Rashi explains that when Hillel used the word "I" in this context, he was speaking for the Shechinah. The MAHARSHA points out that the name "Hillel" has the same numerical value as the name of Hashem, Alef Dalet....)

3) [line 14] "B'CHOL HA'MAKOM..." - "... wherever I permit My Name to be mentioned I shall come to you and bless you." (Shemos 20:21)

4) [line 16] GULGOLES - a head (without a body)
5) [line 16] AL D'ATEFT ATFUCH, U'METIFIECH YETUFUN - because you caused heads to float (by killing them and tossing their heads into the water), they have caused your head to float, and the heads of those who caused your head to float will be caused to float by others

6) [line 17] RAGLOHI D'VAR INISH INUN AREVIN BEI - the feet of a person are his "guarantors", responsible for getting him to where he needs to go

7a) [line 17] L'ASAR D'MISBA'EI - to the place where he is required to be (for instance, the place where he will die)
b) [line 18] TAMAN MOVILIN YASEI - they lead him
8) [line 18] KUSHA'EI - handsome people
9) [line 21] SE'IRIM - demons
10) [line 21] MECHOZA D'LUZ - the region of Luz (where nobody dies - see Sotah 46b)
11) [line 21] SHECHIVU - they died
12) [line 22] KA'BADACH - he was happy
13) [line 26] GODLAV - thumbs
14) [line 27] SHOCHEH - bends over
15) [line 28] ITLA - he became lame
16) [line 30] METAYEIL - to make merry, juggle
17) [line 31] MAZGEI CHAMRA - glass cups [full] of wine
18) [line 32] BEI'EI - eggs
19) [line 38] D'HAVU MENAMNEMEI A'KASFA D'HADAEI - they would doze on the shoulders of one another

20) [line 41] SHE'KARAH DAVID SHISIN - that King David dug the Shisin, a hollow located in the stone foundation under the Mizbe'ach

21) [line 41] KAFA TEHOMA - the waters of the depths of the earth rose [and came out of the hole that he dug]

22) [line 41] U'VA'I L'MISHTEFA ALMA - and they were going to flood the world
23) [line 43] ADKARTAN (MILSA) - you reminded me (of the matter)


24) [line 1] A'CHASPA - on a piece of pottery
25) [line 1] NISHDEI B'SEHOMA U'MANACH - and throw it down into the waters of the depths so that it come to rest [upon the hole that was opened]

26) [line 27] SHEMI SHE'NICHTAV BI'KEDUSHAH YIMACHEH AL HA'MAYIM (My Name that was written in holiness should be erased on the water) (MEI SOTAH)
(a) A Sotah is a woman who is suspected of committing adultery because she was warned by her husband not to seclude herself with a certain man and she violated the warning. The husband must bring his wife to the Beis ha'Mikdash, along with a sacrifice consisting of 1/10 of an Eifah (approx. 2 quarts) of barley meal as a Minchah offering.
(b) The Kohen reads Parshas Sotah, the portion of the Torah describing the curses with which a Sotah is cursed, out loud (in any language that the Sotah understands) and makes the Sotah swear that she has been faithful to her husband.
(c) An earthenware jug is then filled with half a Lug of water from the Kiyor, and dirt from the floor of the Azarah is placed on top of the water. Parshas Sotah (that contains numerous appearances of Hash-m's name) is written on parchment and then immersed in the water, causing the ink to dissolve. The Sotah would afterwards drink from the water. If she was unfaithful to her husband and had been defiled, the water would enter her body and poison her, causing her belly to swell out and her thigh to rupture. If she were faithful to her husband, she would remain unharmed and would become pregnant (Bamidbar 5:11-31)

27) [line 8] GARMIDEI - Amos
28) [line 9] KAMAH D'MIDLEI TEFEI - the higher the water is
29) [line 10] MIRTAV ALMA - the more moist is the ground
30) [line 11] ASKEI - he caused [the waters] to rise
31) [line 12] SUMCHA D'AR'A - the thickness of the ground
32) [line 13] KARINAN PURSA - we dig a little bit
33) [line 14] MI'SULMA D'PERAS - they rise up under the ground from the Euphrates like ladders

34) [line 18] POR'IN ATZMAN - they bared their backsides
35) [line 18] U'MATRIZIN KELAPEI MATAH - and they were defecating towards the Beis ha'Mikdash, in order to anger HaSh-m (the word "Matah" is a euphemism for "Ma'alah," as is evident from Kidushin 72b)

36) [line 21] MEYACHALOS - long, yearn

37a) [line 21] 21 TEKI'OS BA'MIKDASH
The *minimum* number of Teki'os blown in the Beis ha'Mikdash each day was 21:
3 during the opening of the gates in the morning
9 during the offering of the morning Tamid
9 during the offering of the afternoon Tamid
21 Teki'os

b)[line 22] 48 [TEKI'OS]
The *maximum* number of Teki'os blown in the Beis ha'Mikdash each day was 48; this took place on Erev Shabbos during the festival of Sukos

3 during the opening of the gates in the morning
3 when the Kohanim who drew the water for the Nisuch ha'Mayim left at daybreak from the western gate (the Sha'ar ha'Elyon) of the Ezras Nashim
3 when the Kohanim passed the eastern gate (the Sha'ar ha'Tachton) of the Ezras Nashim
3 when the Kohanim returned to the Azarah through the Sha'ar ha'Mayim
3 as the Kohen was about to pour the water on the Mizbe'ach
9 during the offering of the morning Tamid
9 during the offering of the afternoon Tamid
9 during the Musaf offering
3 to inform the people that Shabbos was approaching, and it was time to stop their work
3 to mark the start of the Shabbos
48 total

38) [line 34] L'FESHUTAH LEFANEHA UL'ACHAREHA - to require a "simple" blast, a Teki'ah, before a Teru'ah and after it

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