POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 26
SUKAH 26 & 27 (Iyar 11 & 12) have been dedicated by an anonymous talmid
chacham to the memory of his mother, Sarah Dvosya bas Rav Mordechai of
Milwaukee (Yahrzeit: 11 Iyar)
1) PETURIM FROM MITZVOS
(a) First Beraisa: Wedding participants.
2) A SICK PERSON IS EXEMPT FROM SUKAH
1. (Tana Kama) A groom and all of the wedding
participants are Peturim from Tefilah, Tefilin but
are obligated in Shema.
(b) Second Beraisa: Dealers in Tashmishei Kedushah.
2. (R. Shila) The groom is even Patur from Shema.
1. R. Chananya b. Akavya) Scribes, wholesalers and
retailers of STa"M, and similar others involved in
divine service are Peturim from all Mitzvos
(c) Third Beraisa: Travelers.
2. This was as taught by R. Yosi HaGelili (Osek
1. Travelers are Peturim from Sukah when they travel
and are obligated when they are not traveling.
(d) Fourth Beraisa: Watchmen.
2. Those travelling for Mitzvos are exempt day and
night regardless of the time they travel.
3. In the reported incident R. Chisda and Rabah b.R.
Huna saw themselves as exempt when they went to
the home of the Resh Gelusa in Sura.
1. Watchmen are Peturim from Sukah when they watch
and are obligated when they are not watching.
2. The same holds for watchmen who remain in one
place (at their posts).
3. Question: Let them make a Sukah there!?
4. Answer (Abaye): One does not live that way during
the year, and the Sukah must recall one's normal
residence (Teishvu K'Ein Taduru).
5. Answer (Rava): Seeing the watchman with his Sukah
would invite thieves to the other direction.
6. Question: When will these answers show a
7. Answer: When watching a mound of fruit (it can be
watched from one spot, but it does not recall
(a) (Tana Kama) Even one who is moderately sick (enough
that residing in the Sukah would be hard for him) is
exempt from Sukah.
3) EATING ARAI (A CASUAL MEAL/SNACK) OUTSIDE OF THE SUKAH
(b) (R. Shimon b. Gamliel) R. Yosi exempted me due to my
1. Rav permitted R. Acha to sleep under a Kilah
because of insects (mosquitoes-Ran).
2. Rava exempted R. Acha b. Ada due to the foul smell
he experienced (from the floor) in the Sukah.
3. Rava is consistent with his assertion that one who
is distressed by the Sukah is exempt from it.
4. Question: But the Mishnah only exempt the ill!?
5. Answer: It exempts even the *attendants* of the
ill, while the distressed are personally exempt,
but not their attendants.
(a) Question: What quantity of food is considered Arai?
4) EATING ARAI VERSUS SLEEPING ARAI OUTSIDE OF THE SUKAH
(b) Answer (R. Yosef): Two or three (Beitzim).
(c) Question: But that amount could suffice for some as a
full meal (Keva)!?
(d) Answer (Abaye): Rather, Arai is the mouthful that a
student takes on his way to the Academy (one Beitzah).
(a) (Beraisa) One is permitted to eat Arai outside of the
Sukah, but not sleep Arai (nap) outside of the Sukah.
5) THREE BERAISOS ON TEFILIN AND SLEEP
(b) Question: Why may he not nap?
(c) Answer (R. Ashi): We are concerned lest he fall into a
1. Question (Abaye): Then why is it permitted to
sleep Arai with Tefilin, given the concern lest he
(d) Answer (Rava): Because there is no amount of sleep
which can universally be called sufficient (a nap might
suffice for some, constituting their full sleep).
2. Answer (R. Yosef b.R. Ilai): He instructs another
to wake him.
3. Question (R. Mesharshia): The guarantor (the
waker) needs a guarantor!!
4. Answer (Rabah b.b. Chanah citing R. Yochanan):
Rather, the Beraisa regarding Tefilin speaks where
he put his head down between his knees (where we
are not concerned lest he fall deeply asleep in
(a) First: A person with Tefilin may sleep Arai but not
Keva (when wearing them).
6) ARAI SLEEP
(b) Second: A person may sleep Arai or Keva (when the
Tefilin are covered and lying near his head).
(c) Third: A person may not sleep Arai or Keva (when
holding the Tefilin in his hand, lest they fall).
(a) Question: How much time constitutes Arai?
7) MISHNAH: INCIDENTS REGARDING SMALL AMOUNTS OF FOOD
(b) Answer (Rami b. Yechezkel): The time to walk 100 Amos.
1. This is supported in the Beraisa which instructs
one who sees Keri when napping regarding the
procedure for removing his Tefilin.
2. He may handle the straps but not the Batim.
3. The Chachamim, who permit Arai (only during the
day - Tosfos), state that Arai is the time to walk
(c) (Rav) It is not permitted to sleep, during the day,
more than a horse (60 breaths).
(d) (Abaye) Rabah b. Nachmani napped as long as Rav, who
napped like Rebbi, who napped like Dovid HaMelech, who
napped like a horse, 60 breaths.
1. Abaye napped for longer (time to walk six Parsah
from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi).
(e) (R. Nasan) One who naps during the day may either
remove or remain wearing his Tefilin, but at night he
must remove them.
2. R. Yosef cited a Pasuk indicating that this was
excessive for Abaye.
(f) (R. Yosi) Young men must always remove their Tefilin,
because they are accustomed to Tumah.
(g) Question: Is this to imply that R. Yosi forbids a Ba'al
Keri from wearing Tefilin!?
(h) Answer (Abaye): No, he is speaking of young men who are
with their wives, and they must remove their Tefilin
(i) One who cohabits with his wife and forgets that he is
wearing Tefilin must wash his hands before touching any
part of the Tefilin.
(a) R. Yochanan b. Zakai insisted on bringing small amounts
of food into the Sukah.
8) BEING MACHMIR ON ONESELF
(b) R. Tzadok ate less than a KeBeitzah outside of the
Sukah without Netilas Yadayim or Bircas HaMazon.
(a) Question: The incident of R. Yochanan b. Zakai
contradicts the principle set forth (that Arai is
permitted outside of the Sukah) for which it is serving
as an example!?
(b) Answer: By emending the Mishnah we learn that one is
permitted to be stringent and bring even small amounts
into the Sukah without fear of conceit, which the
(c) Question: The incident of R. Tzadok (in which he ate
less than a KeBeitzah outside of the Sukah) should
disprove those (R. Yosef and Abaye) who speaks of
larger measures as being permitted!?
(d) Answer: The incident may be reporting the amount for
Netilas Yadayim and Bircas HaMazon (a KeBeitzah), not
the measure for bringing food into the Sukah.