POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafSukah 27
SUKAH 26 & 27 (Iyar 11 & 12) have been dedicated in memory of Harabbanit
Sara Dvasya bas Rav Mordechai by her children (yahrzeit: 11 Iyar)
1) MISHNAH: THE MEALS OF SUKOS
(a) (R. Eliezer) One is obligated to eat 14 meals in the
Sukah (one each day and one each night).
2) THE OBLIGATION TO EAT
(b) (Chachamim) There is no minimum.
(c) (R. Eliezer) One who did not eat the first meal in the
Sukah may make it up, even on the night of Shemini
(d) (Chachamim) There is no way to make up a missed meal.
(a) Question: What is the rationale of R. Eliezer?
3) MAKING UP A MEAL
(b) Answer: One must dwell in the Sukah as one resides at
home, eating one meal in the day and one at night.
(c) Question: Then what do the Chachamim hold?
(d) Answer: Even at home one may skip a meal if he desires.
(e) Question: Then why is a person obligated to eat even
the first meal in the Sukah?
(f) Answer: It is derived from the parallel to the first
night of Pesach, where eating is obligatory.
1. Question: Whence that eating on the first night of
Pesach is obligatory and not optional?
2. Answer: The Pasuk mandates eating Matzah that
(a) Question: How could a person replace the first meal in
the Sukah the remaining meals of Sukos are, themselves,
obligatory (and one may not eat in the Sukah on Shemini
4) RULINGS BY R. ELIEZER
(b) Answer: R. Eliezer retracted his position regarding the
remaining days, thus allowing for the replacement meal.
1. Question: How does one replace a meal?
2. Answer: With bread.
3. Question: That is nothing unique and there is no
way of identifying that as a replacement!?
4. Answer: He replaces it with eating delicacies
after a meal (as supported by the Beraisa).
(a) Question (the guardian of King Agripas to R. Eliezer):
May I follow my normal custom of eating only one Seudah
per day (assuming that R. Eliezer still maintains that
one is obligated in two Seudos per day-Ritva).
(b) Answer: Surely a person like yourself can dedicate one
appetizer to the honor of your Creator!
(c) Question: Am I permitted to leave my Sukah (and family)
in one city to join my Sukah (and family) in another?
(d) Answer: No, since I have ruled that leaving the Sukah
cancels the previous days of the Mitzvah.
(e) (R. Eliezer) One may not move from Sukah to Sukah, nor
build a Sukah on Chol HaMoed.
5) PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF A SUKAH
(f) (Chachamim) One may do both.
(g) They agree that a collapsed Sukah may be rebuilt.
1. Question: What is R. Eliezer's rationale?
(h) Question: Surely it is obvious that a collapsed Sukah
may be rebuilt!?
2. Answer: The Pasuk dictates that the Sukah must be
fit for seven days.
3. Question: How will the Chachamim understand the
4. Answer: It instructs that the Sukah be made on the
Chag, at any point during the Chag.
(i) Answer: We might have invalidated the rebuilt Sukah as
not having been built for seven days.
(a) (R. Eliezer) One must have one's own Sukah (just as one
must have one's own Lulav) based on Lecha.
6) VISITING ONE'S RAV
(b) (Chachamim) While true of Lulav, this is not true of
1. This is since the words Kol HaEzrach indicate that
all of Israel could be under one Sukah.
(c) Question: How will Chachamim interpret Lecha (if,
indeed, a borrowed Sukah is Kesheirah)?
2. Surely that Sukah not the property of each one.
(d) Answer: It prohibits a Sukah made of stolen materials.
(e) Question: How will R. Eliezer interpret Kol HaEzrach?
(f) Answer: To allow a Sukah to be built by a convert or
Bar Mitzvah during Sukos.
(g) Question: How will the Chachamim provide for this?
(h) Answer: Once we have ruled that a Sukah may be built on
Chol HaMoed, no special exemption is required!
(a) R. Il'ai went to visit his Rebbi, R. Eliezer.
7) CARE IN SAYING ONLY THAT WHICH ONE HEARD
(b) R. Eliezer pointed out that by leaving his wife, R.
Il'ai was not properly fulfilling his Regel
1. This is consistent with R. Eliezer's declaration
that the lazy are to be praised.
(c) Question: But we have learned that it is an obligation
to visit one's Rebbi on the Regel (inferred from the
exchange between the Shunamis and her husband in
Melachim II, 4:23)!?
2. For even though they remain at home due to their
laziness, they benefit by properly fulfilling the
Torah's obligation to bring joy to one's wife.
(d) Answer: That obligation holds only when he is able to
visit his Rebbi and return at night.
(a) In the reported incident, R. Eliezer refused to answer
a question (regarding adding to a temporary Ohel on
Shabbos) because he had not heard that Din from his
1. Instead, he changed the subject.
(b) Question: In the incident we see that R. Eliezer had
left his home Sukah, violating his own rule that one
must not go from Sukah to Sukah!?
2. When his student acted on his own (and extended
the Ohel), R. Eliezer distanced himself from the
Sukah so as not to give the impression that his
student was acting on his advise.
(c) Answer: It is speaking on a different Regel, not Sukos.
(d) Question: But still, he should have stayed home with
his wife, according to his own teaching!?
(e) Answer: It was a Shabbos, and not a Regel at all.
(f) Question: But the prohibition of extending the Ohel
could have been learned from R. Eliezer's own position
restricting the use of a window shutter.
1. (R. Eliezer) The window cover may only be put in
place if it has a string and is hung, having been
obviously designated as removable.
(g) Answer: The window cover becomes Batel to the house,
and is considered building on Shabbos; whereas the
sheet in the Sukah was never meant to stay there.
2. (Chachamim) It may be put in place in either case.