POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 29
1) OTHER HALACHOS REGARDING RESIDING IN THE SUKAH
(a) (Rava) Cups which are not unseemly may remain in the
Sukah after their use, but dishes, earthenware and wood
water vessels should be removed.
2) EXEMPTION DUE TO RAINFALL
(b) Rava allowed the earthenware candle to remain, while
Yesh Omrim say that it must be removed.
(c) They are not arguing, but teaching a Halachah which
depends on the size of the Sukah (if there is ample
room for the candle to remain).
(a) He is exempt if the porridge would spoil, a dish which
is readily spoiled by even a small amount of rain.
3) THE REQUIREMENT TO RETURN AFTER THE RAIN STOPS
(b) Abaye asked R. Yosef why is was exempting himself due
to wind which was dropping bits of S'chach onto his
(c) R. Yosef taught him that since he is very particular,
this constitutes the state of 'spoiled porridge' for
(a) One who is forced out of the Sukah due to rain need not
go back up to the Sukah until he is done with his meal.
4) RAIN IS ANALOGOUS TO THE SERVANT...
(b) Similarly, he may sleep until 'Yaor.'
(c) Question: Does Yaor mean (with an Ayin) until he wakes
up (and he would then have to go back up, even during
the night) or does it mean (with an Aleph) that he
needs to go back up only once the sun rises?
(d) Answer: The Beraisa teaches that he may remain until
light, and the Amud HaShachar arrives.
(e) Question: But those are contradictory times!?
(f) Answer: It should read until (both) he wakes up and
Amud HaShachar arrives.
(a) Question: Who spilled the water in the analogy (the
servant, indicative of our carelessness) or the Master
(indicative of HaShem's displeasure with our service)?
5) OTHER NEGATIVE INDICATIONS
(b) Answer (Beraisa): The Master spilled it.
(a) The sun being obscured is a bad omen for the world
(analogous to a King who turned out the lights on the
meal he provided for his servants).
6) AVEIROS WHICH BRING AFFLICTIONS
(b) (R. Meir) The affliction of the celestial lights is a
bad sign to those who are accustomed to affliction (the
Jews, who have so much potential, and, by analogy, the
student who is regularly hit is more concerned with the
(c) The affliction of the sun is bad for the gentiles while
that of the moon is bad for the Jews (who count their
calendar by the moon).
(d) Similarly, the position of the sun when it is afflicted
indicates the bad sign for those in that direction.
(e) The color of the blockage indicates the nature of the
(f) The timing (at sunrise or at sunset) indicates whether
the bad tidings are close or further in coming (may be
understood either way).
(g) When a People is afflicted, its god is afflicted, as we
learn from the Pasuk describing the affliction of Egypt
and its gods.
(h) When the Jews do HaShem's will, they can leave all the
worrying about these matters to the Gentiles.
(a) Four Aveiros cause the sun to be afflicted (as listed).
(b) Four Aveiros cause the property of homeowners to be
turned over to the government (as listed).
(c) Four Aveiros cause the property of homeowners to be
lost (as listed).
Hadran Alach HaYashen
(d) The worst (and causal) offence is a haughty spirit.
*****PEREK LULAV HAGAZUL*****
1) MISHNAH: PESULIM OF A LULAV
(a) A stolen or dried out Lulav is Pasul.
(b) If it is destined to be burned, as in the case of an
Asheirah tree or an Ir HaNidachas, it is Pasul.
(c) If the head of the Lulav is cut off, or if its leaves
severed from its spine, it is Pasul.
(d) (Tana Kama) If its leaves spread away from its spine it
(e) (R. Yehudah) They should be tied above.
(f) Lulavim grown in hard rocky mountains (with short
leaves) are Kosher (as long as one leaf reaches the one
(g) A Lulav which has three Tefachim, in addition to the
one needed to shake it, is Kosher.