POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 38
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) MISHNAH: LATE NETILAS LULAV
(a) One who arrived from his travels where he did not have
Lulav and Esrog must do Netilas Lulav upon entering his
home, "upon" (meaning prior to) eating.
2) INTERRUPTING A MEAL FOR A PASSING MITZVAH
(b) One who did not do Netilas Lulav in the morning may do
so all day.
(a) Question: While our Mishnah implies that he must
interrupt his meal, we find regarding Tefilas Minchah
that he may complete his meal!?
3) MISHNAH: READING THE HALLEL
(b) Answer (R. Safra): He must interrupt only when there is
not likely to be sufficient time after his meal.
(c) Question (Rava): Perhaps the distinction is simply
between a d'Oreisa (Lulav on the first day) and a
1. Answer (Rava): Rather, R. Safra answered the
(d) Question (R. Zeira): Perhaps it is simply a case of
l'Chatchilah and b'di'Eved!?
2. Question: The Reisha implies that he must
interrupt and the Seifa states that he has all day
to make up the Netilas Lulav!?
3. Answer: In response to that question R. Safra
distinguished between a case where he had
sufficient time and where he did not.
1. Answer (R. Zeira): R. Safra answered the first
question (the difference between Lulav and
2. They are both d'Rabanan since we are speaking of
the second day of YomTov, not the first.
3. This seems reasonable, given that the Mishnah
speaks of one who is coming in from his travels.
(a) One may have an Eved, Isha or Katan dictate the words
of Hallel for him to repeat, but cursed is the one who
4) BEING MOTZI ANOTHER IN BIRKAS HAMAZON
(b) If a Gadol recites Hallel, the listener is Yotze, and
responds Halelukah to whatever the Gadol says.
(c) Depending on local Minhag, Pesukim are either repeated
or not, and a final Berachah is either recited or not.
(a) The Halachah is that a son (who is only obligated
d'Rabanan because of Chinuch) may be Motzi his father
(who is only obligated d'Rabanan by virtue of the
volume of food he ate).
(b) An Eved may be Motzi his master and a wife her husband
(they are all on the same level of Chiyuv) but accursed
is the one who does so.
5) THE CUSTOMS OF HALLEL
(a) (Rava) Halachos regarding the original institution of
Hallel may be inferred from the vestiges of those
practices remaining today.
6) SHOMEA K'ONEH
1. Responding Halelukah at the beginning of Hallel
teaches us to respond Halelukah at the start of
2. Responding at the end of the first Pasuk teaches
the Halachah (para. b) of our Mishnah.
3. Repeating Hodu LaShem teaches us that the
listeners said the opening of each Perek.
4. (R. Chanan b. Rava) It is a Mitzvah to respond to
the start of the Perakim.
5. Repeating Ana HaShem Hoshiyah Na reminds us of the
first Halachah of our Mishnah (a minor dictating
Hallel to an adult who repeats his words).
6. Repeating Ana HaShem Hatzlichah Na teaches us the
last Halachah of our Mishnah (permission to
7. He says Baruch Haba and the listeners respond with
B'Shem HaShem teaches Shomea k'Oneh.
(a) Question: Is one who hears, but does not respond,
7) NOT BREAKING THE PASUK BARUCH HABA
(b) Answer (R. Chiya b. Aba): Great people taught that one
is Yotze (Shomea k'Oneh).
(c) The source for Shomea k'Oneh was taught by R. Shimon b.
Pazi citing R. Yehoshua citing Bar Kapara as the Pasuk
which speaks of Yoshiyahu as reading the Sefer.
1. The Sefer was read by Shafan!
(d) Question: Perhaps Yoshiyahu recited the words which
2. This teaches Shomea k'Oneh.
(e) Answer (R. Acha b. Yakov): The Pasuk credits Yoshiyahu
for his humility in the face of *hearing* the words.
(a) (Rava) One should not pause for a breath between Baruch
Haba and b'Shem HaShem in order to make it clear that
it is one thought, and not a meaningless utterance of