POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 47
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE SUKAH ON THE EIGHTH DAY IN CHUTZ LA'ARETZ (cont'd)
(a) (R. Yosef) Bear R. Yochanan in mind given the incident
in which the great Rabbis ate in the Sukah on Shemini
Atzeres but did not recite a Berachah.
2) SHEHECHIYANU ON THE EIGHTH DAY OF SUKOS VERSUS THE LAST DAY
1. Question: But maybe they held that one does not
recite a Berachah on any day past the first!?
(b) Alternate rendition of the above discussion:
2. Answer: We have a tradition that they had not yet
fulfilled the Mitzvah of Sukah.
1. They argue over residing in the Sukah (only
residing there if it is viewed as the seventh day
and not the eighth in all regards) while all agree
that one does not recite a Berachah.
(c) The Halachah is to eat in the Sukah but not to recite
2. (R. Yosef) Bear R. Yochanan in mind (don't sit in
the Sukah at all) since the one who cited Rav's
position (R. Yehudah b.R. Shmuel b. Shilas)
himself ate outside the Sukah on the eighth.
(a) (R. Yochanan) One recites Shehechiyanu on Shemini
Atzeres, but not on the last day of Pesach.
(b) (R. Levi b. Chama) This is evidenced by the fact that
three items of Sukos (Sukah, Lulav and Nisuch HaMayim)
or, according to R. Yehudah, two items, do not appear
on Shemini Atzeres.
1. Question: Then the absence of Matzah on the
seventh day should generate a Shehechiyanu there!?
(c) Question: Shall we see R. Yehudah (in the following
Beraisa) as a support for R. Yochanan?
2. Answer (first): Only the night differs by Pesach!
3. Answer (Ravina): Shemini Atzeres differs from the
day preceding, unlike Pesach.
4. Answer (R. Papa): Shemini Atzeres is distinguished
in the Torah because of one Par (versus Parim).
5. Answer (R. Nachman b. Yitzhok): The word BaYom
singles out Shemini Atzeres (versus Uv'Yom).
6. Answer (R. Ashi): KaMishpat (versus k'Mishpatam).
1. (Tana Kama) The designated number of all Korbanos
of Sukos are Me'akev.
2. (R. Yehudah) The Parim, whose numbers descend, are
3. Question: But they all (including the Eilim and
Kevasim) descend into Shemini Atzeres!?
4. Answer (R. Yehudah): Shemini Atzeres is a separate
Regel given that it has its unique Korban, Shir,
Berachah and Linah compared to the days of Sukos.
3) LINAH ON SHEMINI ATZERES
5. Presumably, its Berachah refers to Shehechiyanu!
(d) Answer: No, that refers to the unique reference to the
day in Tefilah, not to Shehechiyanu.
1. It is further unlikely that R. Yehudah was
referring to Shehechiyanu since there is no
Shehechiyanu on the seven days of Sukos as implied
by R. Yehudah's comparison.
2. That may still refer to Shehechiyanu and he is
speaking of reciting the Berachah all seven days
if it were not said previously.
3. Question: But there could not be such an
obligation given that people do not ordinarily
have the required cup of wine to recited
4. Answer: Perhaps he does not need a cup of wine,
and this supports R. Nachman in his assertion!
5. No, it could be that there is no obligation unless
he happens upon a cup of wine.
(a) Question: How could R. Yehudah have required Linah on
Shemini Atzeres given his teaching regarding the
exclusions of Linah!?
1. (R. Yehudah) Pesach Sheni does not require Linah.
(b) Answer: No, it excludes Pesach Sheni, which is other-
wise similar to Pesach Rishon where these Pesukim
2. It is excluded by the proximity of the obligation
of Linah to the words Sheshes Yamim.
3. This teaches that the days which have a six day
follow-up (as in Pesach where Matzah is eaten for
the subsequent six days) have Linah.
4. Question: This would appear to exclude Shemini
(c) This is supported by the Mishnah which teaches that
Bikurim require Korban, Shir, Tenufah and Linah.
1. Question: Who said that it is R. Yehudah who
teaches that Bikurim require Tenufah?
(d) Question: What is the Halachah regarding Shehechiyanu
on Shemini Atzeres?
2. Answer: We learn it from the Beraisa.
i. R. Yehudah says that v'Hinicho refers to
3. Question: Perhaps the Mishnah is R. Eliezer b.
Yakov (who also holds that Bikurim require
Tenufah) and we cannot establish that R. Yehudah
is the author of the above Mishnah and requires
ii. It cannot mean actual Hanachah since the
Pasuk already said v'Hinachto.
i. R. Eliezer b. Yakov learns that Bikurim
require Tenufah from v'Lakach HaKohen
ii. His source is Yad-Yad.
iii. The resulting procedure is described.
(e) Answer (R. Nachman): We recite Shehechiyanu.
(f) Answer (R. Sheshes): We do not recite Zman.
(g) l'Halachah, we recite it.
(h) A Beraisa supports R. Nachman, which calls Shemini
Atzeres a separate Regel in regards the six areas of
PZ"R KS"B (Payis, Zman, Regel [Sukah], Korban, Shira