POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 54
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE TEKI'OS OF EREV SHABBOS DURING SUKOS
(a) Question: Why are the Teki'os of the tenth step not
2) TEKI'OS FOR EACH OF THE MUSAFIM
(b) Answer: Our Mishnah is the opinion of R. Eliezer b.
Yakov (who argues with the Tana Kama and holds that,
rather than on the tenth step, the Teki'os were blown
when the Aravos were arranged around the Mizbeach).
1. Question: What is R. Eliezer b. Yakov's rationale?
2. Answer: The tenth step is not a gate!
3. Question: What is Rabanan's rationale?
4. Answer: The Teki'os are for filling the water, to
which the tenth step relates, while the Aravos are
(a) (Beraisa cited by R. Acha b. Chanina) Yiska'u teaches
that the Teki'os go according to the Musafin.
(b) (R. Acha b. Chanina) This means that we blow for each
Musaf which is brought.
(c) Question: If so, then the Mishnah should have listed
Shabbos within Sukos as an example of 51 Teki'os!?
(d) Answer (R. Zeira): The three Teki'os for opening the
gates are not blown on Shabbos.
(e) Questions (Rava, astonished by R. Zeira's suggestion):
1. The Mishnah says they blew for the opening of the
gates ever day!?
(f) Answer: Rather, there were none of the Teki'os
associated with filling the water on Shabbos (which was
done Erev Shabbos).
2. If it were true that Erev Shabbos during Sukos is
the same (48 Teki'os) as Shabbos during Sukos,
then the Mishnah would surely have listed Shabbos,
given that we could then learn both the rulings of
R. Eliezer b. Yakov (1.b. above) as well as that
of R. Acha b. Chanina (Teki'os for each Musaf)!?
(g) Question (on R. Acha): The Mishnah should have listed
Rosh HaShanah (48 Teki'os, owing to three Musafim)!?
(h) Answer: We would still opt for Erev Shabbos during
Sukos (as the example of 48) since it teaches us the
Din of R. Eliezer b. Yakov.
(i) Question: The question implied that the Mishnah should
(j) Answer: The Mishnah does not provide an exhaustive list
of days with 48 Teki'os.
(k) Question: What other instances were omitted?
(l) Answer: Erev Pesach (given the three Teki'os for the
Hallel said three times by each group).
(m) Question: But Erev Pesach could, if we follow the
assertion of R. Yehudah (that the third group did not
even finish the first Hallel), have only 42 (and not be
an omitted example at all)!?
3) NO MORE THAN FORTY EIGHT
1. Question: But we said (53b) that the Mishnah is
*not* the view of R. Yehudah!?
(n) Answer: Erev Pesach which falls on Erev Shabbos (48
Teki'os, after we remove the six which R. Yehudah would
have us delete, and add the six of Erev Shabbos).
2. Answer: Perhaps this Tana subscribes to one view
of R. Yehudah (regarding the completion of Hallel
by the third group) and argues with the other
(regarding how to figure a group of Teki'os)!?
3. Question: Then, all in all, which other instance
was left out of our Mishnah?
(a) Question: What about Erev Pesach which falls on Shabbos
(even following R. Yehudah there would be 51, and
according to Rabanan there would be 57)!?
4) R. ACHA AND THE TEKI'OS FOR EACH MUSAF (resumed)
(b) Answer: We list those instances which occur annually.
(c) Question: Then what of Erev Shabbos in Sukos, given
that there is not necessarily an Erev Shabbos during
Sukos (if the first day of YomTov is Erev Shabbos)!?
(d) Answer: There is always an Erev Shabbos during Sukos
because we adjust the calendar to prevent the first day
of YomTov from falling on Erev Shabbos (which meant
that Yom Kipur would have occurred directly after the
previous Shabbos - two days of Shabason!).
(e) Question: But the Mishnah speaks of the Chalavim of
Shabbos being brought on the Yom Kipur which follows it
(and R. Zeira taught Halachos regarding Yom Kippur on
Erev and Motzei Shabbos)!?
(f) Answer: Our Mishnah is Rabanan (according to whom we
adjust to calendar to prevent Yom Kippur falling next
to Shabbos) while Acherim allow for this occurrence (as
the Beraisa indicates that Acherim let the days fall
where they will, four or five days further than their
occurrence on the previous year).
(a) Question: The Beraisa speaks of one Shir (Rosh Chodesh)
overriding another (Shabbos), whereas, according to R.
Acha, they should be saying both, just as they are
Tokei'a for each Musaf!?
(b) Answer (R. Safra): The overriding means that it is
placed first, before the Shir of Shabbos.
(c) Question: But Tadir should place Shabbos first!?
(d) Answer (R. Yochanan): It is done so as a Heker to
assert our confidence in the setting of Rosh Chodesh.
(e) Question: But we already have a Heker in the higher
placement of the Rosh Chodesh Musaf on the Kevesh!?
(f) Answer: There are indeed two Hekerim.