REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafSukah 10
SUKAH 10 (25 Nisan) - dedicated by Sandy and Les Wiesel in memory of Les's
father, Menachem Yehuda ben Avigdor Yosef Wiesel, who perished in the
The Din in all of the combinations of two Sukos, one above the other dealt
with in the previous Beraisa, is obvious, except for one.
Which one? What
is the Chidush?
(a) According to Rav Huna, the distance between one Sukah and the other for
it to be considered one Sukah above the other (and not just one Sukah) is
What is his source for this?
(b) What does the Mishnah in Ohalos mean when it says 'Tefach al Tefach
be'Rum Tefach ...
(c) Rav Chisda and Rabah Rav Huna give the distance between the two Sukos as
- ... Meivi es ha'Tum'ah'?
- ... Chotzetz Bif'nei ha'Tum'ah'?
What is their reason?
(d) What does Shmuel hold?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees with the Tana Kama in our Mishnah who
invalidates a Sukah that is beneath another; *he* says that if there is no-
one living in the top Sukah, the bottom Sukah is Kasher.
Why can we not
explain this literally?
(b) So we explain the Mishnah to mean, not that there is nobody living in
the top Sukah, but that it is not *fit* to live in. What do we currently
take this to mean, and why does that present a Kashya on Shmuel?
(c) In Eretz Yisrael they concluded that, if Rebbi Yehudah was referring to
two Sukos that were less than ten Tefachim apart, even the Rabbanan would
agree that the bottom Sukah was Kasher.
What then, *is* Rebbi Yehudah
(d) If the dividing S'chach cannot hold the blankets etc., of the top
resident, why do the Rabbanan invalidate the bottom Sukah?
(a) If one spreads a sheet across the Sukah, either on top, to protect the
Sukah from the sun, or underneath, to protect it from the droppings of
S'chach, the Sukah is Pasul.
(b) Why will sleeping underneath a four-poster bed over which a sheet has
been draped, not be forbidden *for the same reason*?
(c) May one sleep underneath a four-poster bed over which a sheet has been
(d) One may however, spread a sheet over 'Naklitei ha'Mitah'.
Naklitei ha'Mitah? Why is this permitted?
(a) Why does a canvass with pictures spread across the ceiling to beautify
the Sukah, not invalidate it?
(b) Why did Rav Chisda need to tell us this? Why is it not obvious from the
fact that the Mishnah speaks about protecting the Sukah from the sun or from
the droppings, and not about beautifying it?
(a) The Beraisa forbids taking down and using the ornaments that are hanging
in the Sukah until after Shemini Atzeres, and it lists various types of
colored hangings, nuts, and fruits etc. as examples of this.
Answers to questions
Why is this
prohibited (see Tosfos 9a DH 'Minayin')?
(b) Under which condition will it be permitted to take them down and use
(c) Why is there no proof from this Beraisa that ornamental hangings that
are spread across the ceiling do not invalidate the Sukah?
(a) Do ornaments affect the height of the Sukah ...
1. ... when they are suspended from the S'chach (i.e. to be Machshir it if
it is more than twenty Amos high, or to render it Pasul if it is exactly ten
(b) Why did Rav Ashi instruct Menimin to remove the wet shirt from the roof
of the Sukah, where he had hung it up to dry?
2. ... if they are attached to the wall of a Sukah that is exactly seven by
seven Tefachim wide?
(c) Who was Menimin?
(d) Why would it not be obvious to all and sundry from the fact that they
were wet, that the shirt was hung up *to dry*, and not to *cover* the Sukah?
(a) According to Rav Nachman, ornaments that are dangling to below four
Tefachim, do not invalidate the Sukah.
What do Rav Chisda and Rabah bar
Rav Huna say?
(b) Why did Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna not protest when Rav Nachman
arranged for them to sleep in the Resh Gelusa's Sukah, where ornaments were
dangling to below four Tefachim?
(c) What was Rav Nachman doing organizing the guests in the Resh Galusa's
(a) How do we reconcile Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, who permits sleeping in a
Kilas Chasanim (a type of four poster bed), provided the posts over which
the sheet is draped are less than ten Tefachim high, with the Beraisa, which
forbids someone to sleep in a four-poster bed in a Sukah which has a sheet
spread across its posts?
We just forbade sleeping under a four-poster bed, even if it is less than
ten Tefachim high.
(b) How will we then establish the Mishnah in ha'Yashen, which renders not
Yotze someone who sleeps underneath a bed on Sukos?
(c) What can we infer from the Beraisa, which after probihiting sleeping
under a sheet that is draped over a four-poster bed, permits sleeping under
a sheet that is draped over a two-poster bed, provided it is less than ten
(d) Then how do we reconcile this with the Rav Yehudah's Kilas Chasanim,
which is Kasher as long as it is less than ten Tefachim high?
How do we reconcile this with Shmuel, who learnt
earlier that a Sukah that is underneath a Sukah is Kasher, provided less
than ten Tefachim separate them - despite the fact that the top Sukah is
(a) Based on the previous Halachah, Shmuel rules that someone who is
sleeping naked in a Kilas Chasanim may stick his head outside the sheet and
recite the Shema.
Answers to questions
Why is that? How high is the sheet?
(b) What would Shmuel rule in the same case, if he was sleeping in a four-
(c) And how will he explain the Beraisa which forbids it even in a Kilas
(d) How do we prove this answer from the Seifa of the Beraisa, regarding a
similar case regarding the recital of Keri'as Shema in the house? Will this
Din apply to a house that is less than ten Tefachim high?