POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafTa'anis 5
TA'ANIS 2-5 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) We ask for rain until...
2) THE EARLY RAINS
1. (R. Yehudah) Until Pesach has passed.
2. (R. Meir) Until Nisan has passed, as we see in a
Pasuk that Yoreh (the early rains) and Malkush (the
late rains) fall in Nisan.
(a) Question: Yoreh falls in Cheshvan!?
3) UNDERSTANDING PESUKIM
(b) Answer: This is referring to the era of Yoel b. Pesuel,
when the first rains fell on the first of Nisan, and the
prophet told the people to sow the remaining grain; the
second rainfall was on the fifth, and the Omer was
brought eleven days later.
1. This is alluded to by the Pasuk of "Those who sow in
2. (R. Yehudah) "...going and weeping... coming in joy"
refers to the ox weeping as it ploughs, and eating
sprouting vegetation on its way back.
3. (R. Chisda) "bearing the sheaves" refers to the ears
of grain being twice the size of the stalks.
(a) Question: A Pasuk refers to a seven-year famine - how did
the people survive?
(b) Answer: In the first year, they ate what they had in the
houses; in the second year, what was in the fields; in
the third year, kosher animals; in the fourth year,
non-kosher animals; in the fifth year, vermin and
insects; in the sixth year, the flesh of their children;
in the seventh year, their own arms.
(c) Question: What does the Pasuk of "It is holy in you
midst, I shall not come to the city" refer to?
(d) Answer: Hashem is saying that He shall not enter the
Jerusalem of Above until He has entered the Jerusalem of
1. We know that there is a Jerusalem above as a Pasuk
refers to the companion of Jerusalem.
(e) Question: What does the Pasuk of "They shall burn with
one..." refer to?
(f) Answer: One sin - idolatry - causes wicked people to burn
(g) Question: A Pasuk refers to two sins having being
committed - but surely twenty-four were enumerated?
(h) Answer: It means one sin which is as bad as two -
4) R. NACHMAN AND R. YITZCHAK
1. The Pasuk refers to the Kutiyim worshiping fire,
even though they know that the Kedrayim's god of
water extinguishes it, yet the Jews have replaced
their G-d with something useless.
(i) Question: How can the Pasuk refer to Shmuel growing old,
seeing as he died at 52?
(j) Answer: He aged prematurely, regretting that he had
1. He asked that, like Moshe and Aharon, his successor
should outlive him.
2. Hashem noted that He couldn't kill Shaul, as Shmuel
didn't want that; nor could He simply kill Shmuel,
as people will think badly of him for having died
young; not could He let them both live, as David's
kingship was due to begin.
3. Therefore, He made Shmuel age prematurely.
4. This explains the Pasuk speaking of Shaul in Givah
and Ramah - it refers to the two and a half years
that Shaul reigned in Givah due to the prayer of
i. We see in a Pasuk that one person's life can be
cut short on account of another.
(a) R. Nachman was asked by R. Yitzchak at a meal to speak,
but replied that one shouldn't do so because one might
1. Afterwards, he said: "Yaakov did not die."
(b) (R. Yitzchak) Anyone who says "Rachav, Rachav!" (the name
of a harlot) becomes a Baal Keri.
2. R. Yitzchak asked, "Did they mourn, embalm and bury
him for nothing?"
3. He answered that nevertheless a Pasuk compares him
to his descendants, that they are both still alive.
1. R Nachman asked that he can say it without suffering
(c) When they parted, R. Nachman asked R. Yitzchak for a
2. R. Yitzchak explained that he was referring to
someone who is familiar with her.
1. R. Yitzchak gave the parable of a starving traveller
who benefits from a tree, and can bless it only that
its descendants should be as wonderful as it.
2. In the same way, R. Nachman, who already had Torah,
wealth, and children, could only be blessed that his
descendants should turn out like him.