REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 15
(a) In time to come, says Rebbi Elazar (commenting on a Pasuk in Yeshayah),
kings will stand before B'nei Yisrael and princes will prostrate themselves.
In similar vein to the previous question, Rebbi Zeira (or Rebbi Shmuel bar
Nachmeini) disagrees with Rebbi Elazar.
***** Hadran Alach, 'Me'eimasai' *****
What does *he* say about the
(b) Who is greater, a Tzadik or a Yashar?
(c) In light of that, what does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak comment on the
Pasuk in Tehilim "Or Zaru'a la'Tzadik, u'le'Yishrei Leiv, Simchah"?
***** Perek Seder Ta'aniyos *****
(a) They would take the Aron ha'Kodesh into the street, and everyone took
Eifer Makleh and put it on his head.
When is Nevi'im referred to as 'Divrei Kabalah' and when is it not?
What is 'Eifer Makleh'?
(b) Ashes were placed by others on the heads of two important dignitaries.
(c) The wisest elder among them would say captivating words, which included
the Pasuk in Yo'el "Kir'u Levavchem ve'Al Bigdeichem".
What Musar would he
give them based on Seifer Yonah?
(d) The Chazen had to have four qualities: he had to be a 'Zakein ve'Ragil'.
What were the other two?
(a) The Chazen inserted six extra Berachos in the Amidah.
Where did he add
(b) What were the first two Berachos, according to the Tana Kama?
(c) From which Seifer was the text of the other four taken?
(d) Which two Berachos did Rebbi Yehudah re-place?
(a) Why does the Tana list *seven* 'conclusions' to the Berachos, when
really, only *six* were added? Which 'conclusion' does not belong to the
(b) What is the connection between ...
(c) 'Zichronos' ends 'Baruch ... Zocher ha'Nishkachos'.
- ... 'Zichronos' and our Fathers at the Yam-Suf?
- ... 'Shofros' and Yehoshua at Gilgal?
How does Shofros
(a) The third Berachah reads 'el Hashem ba'Tzarasah Li ... ', and concludes
'Mi she'Anah es Shmuel ... ', the fourth, 'Esa Einai el he'Harim', and the
fifth, 'mi'Ma'amakim Kerasicha Hashem'.
Answers to questions
Which Tzadik is referred to in the
conclusion of ...
(b) The third Berachah ends 'Baruch ... Shomei'a Tze'akah'.
- ... the fourth Berachah?
- ... the fifth Berachah?
How does the
fourth Berachah end?
(c) The final Berachah begins 'Tefilah le'Ani Ki Ya'atof'.
are referred to in the conclusion of this Berachah?
(d) The fifth Berachah ends 'Baruch ... ha'Oneh be'Eis Tzarah'.
the final Berachah end?
(a) What happened when, in the days of Rebbi Chalafta and Rebbi Chananya ben
Teradyon, the Chazen concluded the Berachah of Go'eil Yisrael?
(b) On what grounds did the Chachamim object?
(c) Who announced 'Tik'u ha'Kohanim, Tik'u' or 'Hari'u ha'Kohanim, Hari'u'
before each Berachah?
(d) When did they blow Teki'ah and when did they blow Teru'ah? How many
notes did they blow?
(a) Who were ...
(b) During the first set of fasts, according to Rebbi Yehoshua, the Anshei
Beis-Av did not fast at all.
- ... the 'Anshei Mishmar'?
- ... the 'Anshei Beis-Av'?
What about the Anshei Mishmar?
(c) During the second set of fasts, the Anshei Mishmar were obligated to
complete the fast.
What about the Anshei Beis-Av?
(d) That is the opinion of Rebbi Yehoshua; the Chachamim are more lenient
than him. According to them, what did the Anshei Mishmar and the Anshei
Beis-Av do ...
- ... during the first set of fasts?
- ... during the second set?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua, both the Anshei Mishmar and the Anshei
Beis-Av had to complete the fast during the third set of fasts.
the Chachamim say?
(b) The Anshei Beis-Av were forbidden to drink wine for the twenty-four hour
period that they were on duty.
Why were they forbidden to do so even at
night-time? What Avodah did the Anshei Beis-Av perform then?
(c) The Anshei Mishmar were forbidden to drink wine during the day because
they might be needed to assist in the Avodah.
Why did this prohibition not
extend to the night-time?
(d) The Anshei Beis-Av and the Anshei Ma'amad (Kohanim, Levi'im and
Yise'eilim whose turn it was that week to represent Yisrael to stand by the
Korbenos Tzibur that were brought that week) were forbidden to have a hair-
cut and to wash clothes during the week that they served, except for
Thursday, when the prohibition was lifted because of Kavod Shabbos.
this concession apply to the Anshei-Mishmar, too?
(a) The days on which Megilas Ta'anis forbids even eulogizing, the
prohibition extends to the day *before*, according to the Tana Kama.
to the day *before* and not to the day *after*?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) The days on which only fasting is prohibited, the prohibition is
confined to the day itself, but not to the day before and the day after.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(a) We have already learned that a series of fasts never begins on a
Thursday, in order not to raise the prices before Shabbos. According to the
Tana Kama however, the second set of fasts would begin on Thursday (where
the first one had left off).
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(b) Initially, one does not decree a fast on Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah or
Purim. Bedieved however, once they began the fasts, should one of them fall
on any of these three days, they fasted nevertheless.
That is easily
understood in the case of Chanukah and Purim, which are only mi'de'Rabbanan;
but why did they not change the date of the fast if it fell on Rosh Chodesh,
which is called a 'Mo'ed' min ha'Torah?
(c) The above Halachah is the opinion of Raban Gamliel.
What does Rebbi
Meir comment on that?
(d) Which other day does Rebbi Meir incorporate in this list?
(a) During which set of fasts did they take the Aron ha'Kodesh out into the
(b) It is evident from the Beraisa that the author of our Mishnah who says
that it is *ashes* that they placed on their heads, is Rebbi Yossi.
does he insist on *ashes* and not just earth like the Tana Kama of the
(c) From whom do we learn that in matters ...
(d) Then how do we explain the fact that, in our Mishnah, they first placed
the ashes on the heads of the leading dignitaries and only then on their own
- ... of greatness one begins from the greatest?
- ... of punishment one begins from the smallest?
(a) Why did others need to place the ashes on the heads of the leading
dignitaries, whilst everybody else placed them on their own heads?
Answers to questions
(b) What do we derive from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lasum la'Aveilei Tzi'on
Laseis Lahem Eifer Tachas Pe'er"?