REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 27
TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) What percentage of the Mishmar would go to Yericho? Why did they go
(b) The Ma'amados in Yerushalayim comprised Kohanim and Levi'im, as well as
Did it matter if, on any occasion, there were no Kohanim or
(c) This is the opinion of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel. The Beraisa adds musical
instruments to the list.
Why did Shmuel not mention them? How can he argue
with a Beraisa?
(a) According to Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar Rav, Moshe instituted eight
How many Mishmaros were there from Elazar, and how many from
(b) How many Mishmaros did Shmuel add, according to Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar
(c) Who later changed it to twenty-four?
(d) Then why does the Beraisa say that Shmuel and David instituted twenty-
(a) We ask on Rav from a Beraisa, which specifically states that Moshe
instituted sixteen Mishmaros, eight from Elazar and eight from Isamar.
Answers to questions
did Shmuel and David then change it to twenty-four? How many were there from
Elazar and how many from Isamar?
(b) The Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim explicitly says that ultimately there were
sixteen Mishmaros from Elazar and eight from Isamar.
What do we learn from
the Pasuk there "Beis Av Echad Achuz le'Elazar ve'*Achuz Achuz* le'Isamar"?
(c) How does Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar Rav reconcile his opinion with the
(a) What is the significance of Yedayah, Charim, Pashchur and Imar?
(b) What is the problem with 'Pashchur'?
(c) The prophets divided them into twenty-four groups.
How did they do
(d) What would have happened subsequently, if 'Yehohariv' arrived from Bavel?
Who was 'Yehoyariv'?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Ma'amados would Lein from Ma'aseh
Why is that?
(b) What did Avraham mean when he asked Hashem in Lech Lecha "ba'Mah Eida Ki
(c) What was Hashem's reply?
(d) What would protect Yisrael when there was no Beis Hamikdash (and no
(a) The Beraisa says that the men of the Mishmar would Daven for the Korbanos
of their brothers to be accepted in goodwill.
Why did the men of the Ma'amad fast ...
What did the men of the
(b) What does this Tana mean by ...
- ... the men of the Mishmar?
- ... the men of the Ma'amad?
- ... on Monday, on behalf of the people who were at sea, ?
- ... on Tuesday, on behalf of desert travelers?
- ... on Wednesday, on behalf of the babies (that they should not contract croup)?
- ... on Thursday, on behalf of pregnant and feeding mothers?
(a) Why did the men of the Ma'amad not fast on Friday and Shabbos?
(b) They did not fast on Sunday, according to Rebbi Yochanan, because of the
What does he mean by that?
(c) According to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini, they did not fast on Sunday
because it is the third day of the creation.
What does *he* mean?
(d) Resh Lakish gives a third reason for not fasting on Sunday.
What is it?
(a) The Beraisa says that on Sunday, the men of the Ma'amad would call up to
the Torah two people for the Parshah of 'Bereishis' and one for that of 'Yehi
What is the problem with this?
(b) Rav answers 'Doleg'.
What does that mean?
(c) What does Shmuel say?
(a) On what grounds does ...
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Chanina ha'Gadol reluctantly permitted Rebbi Chanina the children's
Rebbe to stop in the middle of the Pasuk when teaching his pupils (but not
otherwise). So how could Shmuel rule Posek?
- ... Rav object to Shmuel's ruling (of Posek)?
- ... does Shmuel object to Rav's ruling (of Doleg)?
(c) According to the 'Yesh Omrim' in the Beraisa, if the Ba'al Korei
(mistakenly) Leined three out of five Pesukim in a Parshah and stopped (two
short of the end), the next Oleh must conclude the Parshah and Lein at least
three Pesukim into the next Parshah.
Why is this necessary? Why do we not
say 'Doleg' according to Rav and 'Posek', according to Shmuel?