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Previous daf Yevamos 55
YEVAMOS 46-55 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) [line 40] B'HAVAYASAH TEHEI - she shall remain as she is (prohibited to
2) [line 41] B'HE'ELEM ACHAS
(a) A He'elem is a period of forgetfulness. If a person sins repeatedly (for
example, if he ate two or more k'Zeisim of Chelev) in one He'elem, and later
finds out that he has sinned, he only has to bring one Korban Chatas to atone
for his sins. However, if a person sins two *different types* of sins in one
He'elem, he has to bring a separate Korban Chatas for each sin.
(b) The Torah writes in Kedoshim (20:17) that having relations with one's
sister is punishable with Kares, a fact that is already known from the
general Chiyuv Kares for all of the Arayos in Acharei Mos (Vayikra 18:29). As
such, the Kares of Achoso is a "Davar she'Hayah bi'Chlal v'Yatza Min ha'Chlal
l'Lamed" (see Background to Yevamos 7:2), one of the thirteen methods that
Chazal use for extracting Halachos from the verses of the Torah. The verse
teaches that if a person transgresses, b'Shogeg, more than one type of Giluy
Arayos in one He'elem (for example, if he lives with his sister and his
father's sister), he is Chayav for each of the Arayos a separate Korban
Chatas. Two Arayos are considered different types of sins, and not
repetitions of the same sin.
3) [line 43] L'CHALEK - to differentiate between all of the actions so that
each one will be Mechayav a separate Korban
4) [line 44] "ARIRIM YIHEYU" - "they shall be childless" (Vayikra 20:21)
5) [line 6] SHIFCHAH CHARUFAH
(a) According to Rebbi Akiva (Kerisus 11a), Shifchah Charufah is a woman who
is half Shifchah (maidservant) and half free (e.g. she was owned by two
partners and freed by one of them) who is Mekudeshes to a Jewish slave. Since
she is half Shifchah her Kidushin is not complete, and if a man has relations
with her they do not incur the death penalty. Rather, the man brings a Korban
"Asham Shifchah Charufah," whether he sinned b'Mezid or b'Shogeg, and the
Shifchah is punished with Malkos.
(b) Other Tana'im (ibid.) define Shifchah Charufah as a full-fledged Shifchah
who is married to either a Jewish slave (Rebbi Yishmael, see Rashi here) or a
gentile slave (Acherim).
6) [line 7] SOTAH
(a) A Sotah is a woman who is suspected of committing adultery because she
was warned by her husband not to seclude herself with a certain man and she
violated the warning. The process of warning her in front of witnesses is
called Kinuy. The witnesses who see her seclude herself with the suspected
adulterer are called Eidei Stirah. The time of seclusion must be at least for
the time that it takes to roast an egg and swallow it. The woman is forbidden
to her husband until she drinks Mei Sotah (see (c), below).
(b) The husband must bring his wife to the Beis ha'Mikdash, along with a
sacrifice consisting of 1/10 of an Eifah (approx. 2 quarts) of barley meal as
a Minchah offering. The Kohen reads Parshas Sotah, the portion of the Torah
describing the curses with which a Sotah is cursed, out loud (in any language
that the Sotah understands) and makes the Sotah swear that she has been
faithful to her husband.
(c) An earthenware jug is then filled with half a Lug of water from the
Kiyor, and dirt from the floor of the Azarah is placed on top of the water.
Parshas Sotah (that contains numerous appearances of Hash-m's name) is
written on parchment and then immersed in the water, causing the ink to
dissolve. The Sotah afterwards drinks from the water. If she was unfaithful
to her husband and had been defiled, the water would enter her body and
poison her, causing her belly to swell out and her thigh to rupture. If she
were faithful to her husband, she would remain unharmed and would become
pregnant (Bamidbar 5:11-31). In times when there is no Mei Sotah such as in
the present day, she must be divorced and does not receive her Kesuvah.
7) [line 8] MESHAMESH MES - without an erection
8) [line 10] MESHAMESH MESAH - to have relations with a corpse
9) [line 15] SHE'KINEI LAH
See entry #6, above. Our Gemara explores various cases where the husband's
warning not to seclude herself with a certain man came because he suspected
them of a specific type of action.
10) [line 17] DERECH EIVARIM - fondling
11) [line 28] BI'AS HA'MIRUK - (a) relations that lead to a discharge
(RASHI); (b) complete relations (TOSFOS)
12) [line 32] SHAKRAI - a liar