THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
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1) MAY AN "AREL" TOUCH TERUMAH?
QUESTION: The Gemara questions whether an Arel is permitted to do Haza'ah of
the Mei Chatas on another person. The Gemara suggests a Kal v'Chomer to
prove that an Arel is permitted to do Haza'ah: Since a person who is a Tevul
Yom, and may not touch Terumah (and Kodshim -- TOSFOS), may nevertheless do
Haza'ah, then certainly an Arel, who may touch Terumah (and Kodshim), should
be permitted to do Haza'ah.
The Gemara then cites a Beraisa that says that an Arel may not do Haza'ah.
The Gemara says that the Beraisa is the opinion of Rebbi Akiva. Rava
explains, in the Gemara's conclusion (according to Rashi, DH Lo), that it is
because of the Chumra of the laws of the Parah Adumah that Rebbi Akiva
prohibits an Arel from performing Haza'ah (see Chart #22, and Insights to
The MAHARSHA asks that according to the Gemara's conclusion that an Arel is
indeed not able to do Haza'ah, we should learn from a Kal v'Chomer that he
may not touch Terumah or Kodshim either! Since we know that a Tevul Yom who
may do Haza'ah, may not touch Terumah or Kodshim, then certainly an Arel,
who may *not* do Haza'ah, should not be permitted to touch Terumah or
(a) Since the Torah tells us that an Arel is not allowed to *eat* Terumah or
Kodshim (as the Gemara says on 70a), we can infer that it must be permitted
for him to *touch* it. Otherwise -- if it was prohibited for him to touch
Terumah, it would be obvious that he may not *eat* Terumah, and why would we
need a verse to prohibit eating it? (MAHARSHA)
The YASHRESH YAKOV, however, questions this answer and says that perhaps the
verse is just teaching that he gets *Malkus* for eating Terumah, while he
does not get Malkus for touching it (since it is learned only from a Kal
v'Chomer, and "Ein Onshin Min ha'Din"). That is why we need a verse to teach
that there is a Lav, and Malkus, for eating Terumah.
(b) The YASHRESH YAKOV himself answers that when the verse teaches that an
Arel may not eat Terumah, it implies that *only* eating is prohibited, but
touching Terumah is *permitted*.
(c) It is possible that the Kal v'Chomer cannot be made in the first place.
The reason an Arel may not do Haza'ah with the Mei Chatas is, as Rashi
explains, because of the Chumra of Parah Adumah. Why exactly should the
Chumra of Parah prevent the Arel from performing part of the service? The
reason is because an Arel is "Ma'us" -- he is considered loathsome because
of his Arelus, and thus it is improper for him to take part in the Avodah of
the Parah Adumah. The Gemara suggests a similar logic when it exempt an Arel
from coming to the Beis ha'Mikdash during the festival "since he is
Accordingly, the Chumra of Arel only applies to situations where it would be
loathsome, Ma'us, for the Arel to perform the act. For an Arel to do Haza'ah
on another person in order to be Metaher that person is improper, because
his loathsome nature should prevent him from *being actively involved* in
the Avodah of the Parah Adumah, or in being Metaher another person.
Similarly, it is inappropriate for someone who is considered "Ma'us" to
*enter* the Azarah, which is a Makom Kadosh. In contrast, having *contact*
with an item that is Kadosh, such as touching Terumah, cannot be prohibited
just because the person is "Ma'us." Therefore, the Kal v'Chomer does not