POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 7
YEVAMOS 6, 7, 8, 9 (Chanukah) - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in
honor of Rav Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
4) IS EXECUTION PERMITTED ON SHABBOS?
(a) Temple service is severe, it overrides Shabbos - and
execution overrides Temple service.
1. "From my altar you will take him to die".
(b) If Shabbos is overridden for Temple service, all the more
so for execution!
(c) Question: Why did the Tana say 'perhaps it does not
(d) Answer: Burial of an unattended corpse disproves this Kal
v'Chomer - it overrides Temple service, but not Shabbos!
(e) The Tana reconsidered to say that burial of an unattended
corpse should override Shabbos from a Kal v'Chomer -
since Temple service overrides Shabbos, and burial of an
unattended corpse overrides Temple service (as learned
from "To his sister").
(f) Therefore, the Torah had to say "Do not burn ..." to
teach that execution does not override Shabbos.
(g) Question: According to what we first thought, that the
Tana thought that execution overrides Shabbos just as an
Aseh overrides a Lav, why did the Tana think that
execution might not override Shabbos?
(h) Answer: He thought, we only see that an Aseh overrides a
simple Lav, but not one which has Kares.
1. He later thought, an Aseh overrides a Lav even though
a Lav is more severe - if so, even if it is much
more severe (i.e. Kares)!
(i) Answer #2 (To question 5:b Daf 3B): The Torah had to
write Aleha, so we will not say that the prohibition of a
brother's wife is something which was part of a general
rule (prohibitions of incest), and a special law taught
by it (it is permitted for Yibum) applies to all cases in
the general rule.
2. Therefore, we need "Do not burn ..." to prohibit
execution on Shabbos.
1. (Beraisa): Something which was part of a general
rule, and a special law was taught by it ... e.g.
"An impure person that will eat Shelamim"
(j) Objection: The comparison is improper! In the Beraisa,
the general rule and particular case are both forbidden;
here, the general case is forbidden, and the particular
case is permitted!
i. Shelamim is in the category of sacrifices. It
was singled out to compare other cases to it -
(that Kares is only for an impure person that
eats) sacrifices, not for other Hekdesh things.
2. Here, also, one's brother's wife is one of the
Arayos (incestuous relationships). It was singled
out to be permitted (for Yibum; if not for Aleha,
one would think that) all relatives are permitted
(k) Correction: Rather, our case is a law which was part of a
general rule, and was given a new law; it does not retain
the other laws of the general rule unless the Torah
specifically says so.
(l) (Beraisa): A law which was part of a general rule, and
was given a new law - it does not retain the other laws
of the general rule unless the Torah specifically says
(m) "He will slaughter the sheep in the place that Chatas and
Olah are slaughtered ... Asham is as Chatas".
1. Question: Why must it say, Asham is as Chatas?
2. Answer: Since the Asham of a leper has a new law of
putting its blood on his right thumb and toe, one
might think that its blood and innards need not be
put on the altar.
5) ONE LENIENCY CAUSES ANOTHER
3. Therefore, "Asham is as Chatas" regarding putting
its blood and innards on the altar.
(n) Also in our case, a brother's wife was permitted, not
4. If not for this verse, one would say that the blood
is only put on the places mentioned (thumb and toe).
(o) Answer #3 (To 5:b Daf 3B): Rather, we would think to
learn by example of a brother's wife.
1. Just as a brother's wife does Yibum, so one's wife's
(p) Question: This is no comparison - by a brother's wife,
there is only one prohibition; by a sister's wife, there
(q) Answer: One would think, once there is permission, even
more is allowed.
(a) Question: What is the source to allow additional things?
(b) Answer (Beraisa): A leper whose 8th day (of purification)
fell on Erev Pesach saw an emission that day and
1. Chachamim: Even though normally, one who was
purified in a Mikvah may not enter the Temple until
nightfall, this person may.
(c) Objection: This case is not similar to Ula's case!
2. It is better that an Aseh (Korban Peach) punishable
by Kares override an Aseh without Kares.
3. R. Yochanan: The Torah does not prohibit this even
by an Aseh!
i. "Yehoshafat stood up ... in front of the new
4. (Ula): Since the Torah allowed him to enter parts of
his body to become pure from his leprosy, he is also
allowed to enter, even though he became pure today.
ii. R. Yochanan: It is called this because they
made new laws; they said, one who became pure
in a Mikvah may not enter the Levite encampment