POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 43
YEVAMOS 42 & 43 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London,
a living demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.
1) IS THE LAW ALWAYS AS AN UNAUTHORED BERAISA?
(a) Answer (R. Avahu): If Rebbi (who wrote the Mishnah) chose
not to decide the law - how could R. Chiya (his Talmid,
who codified Beraisos) decide?!
2) PROHIBITIONS OF MOURNING
(b) Question (R. Nachum - Mishnah): A flax comb missing teeth
- if 2 teeth remain, they can become Tamei; if 1 tooth
remains, it is Tahor;
1. Each tooth which is taken from the comb is Tamei;
(c) A wool comb, from which every alternate tooth was taken
is Tahor, if 3 remain in one place, it is Tamei;
1. If one of them is the end tooth, it is Tahor;
(d) (Summation of question): We do not hold as this Mishnah!
(And you said before, the law is as a Stam Mishnah)!
2. If 2 were taken, and they were made into tongs they
are Tamei; if one was taken and fixed for a lamp or
for stretching parchment, it is Tamei.
(e) Answer (R. Avahu): This Mishnah is an exception - R.
Yochanan and Reish Lakish both said, it is not an
(f) Question: Why not?
(g) Answer #1(Rav Huna Bar Manoach): The beginning
contradicts the end.
1. It says, a wool comb from which every other tooth
was taken is Tahor - implying, if 2 remain together,
it is Tamei;
(h) Answer #2: Rather, This is the difficulty - it says, if
individual teeth are taken, they are Tamei, even though
they were not fixed for usage; later, the Mishnah says,
if they were prepared for a lamp or for stretching, they
are Tamei - if not prepared, they would be Tahor!
2. Later, it says, if 3 remain in one place it is Tamei
- implying, if 2 remain together it is Tahor!
3. Objection: Perhaps if one of the 2 is the end tooth,
it is Tahor; if not, Tamei!
1. Objection #1(Abaye): This is not difficult - we can
say, a tooth removed with a small wooden holder
needs no further fixing; without this, it needs
(i) Answer #3: Rather, R. Yochanan does not rule as this
Mishnah because it concludes, 'this is R. Shimon's
opinion' (and is not a Stam Mishnah).
2. Opinion #2 (Rav Papa): This is not difficult - we
can say, strong teeth need no further fixing, weak
teeth need fixing!
(j) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): We may engage within 3 months - we
conduct thusly in practice.
(k) (R. Elazar): It suffices to wait the majority of the 1st
and 3rd months, and the entire 2nd month.
(l) Ameimar permitted to engage on the 90th day.
(m) Question #1 (Rav Ashi): But Rav and Shmuel say that she
must wait 3 months, excluding the day of death and day of
(n) Answer: That was said regarding a nursing woman.
1. (Rav and Shmuel): A nursing woman must wait 24
months, excluding the day the baby was born and the
day of engagement.
(o) Question #2: But a man made an engagement feast on the
90th day, and Rava canceled it!
(p) Answer: That was a wedding feast.
(q) The law is, a nursing mother must wa
it 24 months,
excluding the day of birth and day of engagement; all
must wait 3 months, excluding the day of death and day of
(a) (Mishnah): Except for a widow ...
(b) Question (Rav Chisda): If one may engage when it is
forbidden to launder, all the more so one can engage when
it is permitted to launder!
1. Question: What is Rav Chisda referring to?
(c) Answer: The Beraisa permits engagement before the week of
the 9th of Av.
2. Answer: This Mishnah and Beraisa.
i. (Mishnah): The week of the 9th of Av, it is
forbidden to cut hair or launder; it is
permitted on Thursday, for the honor of
ii. (Beraisa): Before this time, we decrease work,
commerce, building, and planting; we engage,
but do not have Nisu'in, and do not have an
(d) Question (Rava): We still have a Kal v'Chomer!
1. Before the week - it we may not do business, but
engagement is permitted - when business is
permitted, all the more so engagement is permitted!
(e) Correction: The Mishnah should read, R. Yosi says that
all women may get *married* (except for a widow).
(f) Question: Is R. Yosi not concerned for discerning the
3) A MAN MAY DO YIBUM ON MANY WOMEN
(g) Answer #1: Correct, he is not concerned!
(h) Answer #2: He is concerned - the Mishnah should say, all
divorced from engagement may get married.
(i) Objection: But that is R. Yehudah's opinion!
(j) Answer: They argue, whether a divorcee from Nisu'in may
get engaged - R. Yehudah permits, R. Yosi forbids.
(k) Question: Does R. Yosi really forbid this?
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi): All women may get engaged,
except for a widow, who must wait 30 days because of
the mourning; all may not have Nisu'in until 3
(l) Answer (Rava): Explain the Beraisa thusly: R. Yosi
permits divorcees from engagement to have Nisu'in; widows
must wait 30 days because of the mourning; women that had
been married may not get engaged for 3 months.
2. Objection: This is not difficult - this is no more
conclusive than the Mishnah, which also says 'All
women', and we established that it deals with
divorcees from engagement!
3. Response: Rather, the difficulty is from the end of
the Beraisa, which says that they may not have
Nisu'in until 3 months - implying, engagement is
(m) Question: Does a widow from engagement really mourn over
1. (Beraisa - R. Chiya Bar Ami): An engaged couple: If
she dies - he is not considered an Onen (a bereaved
that lost a relative, before burial) and is not
commanded to become Tamei in burying her;
(n) Answer #1: The Tana'im argue whether a woman may get
engaged during mourning.
2. Similarly, she is not an Onenes and does not become
Teme'ah if he dies;
3. If she dies - he does not inherit her; if he dies,
she collects her Kesuvah.
1. (Beraisa): From the 1st of Av until the fast (on the
9th) we diminish business, commerce, building,
planting, engagement, and Nisu'in;
(o) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): Rather, we are more stringent over
the loss of a spouse, since this is a new mourning, of an
individual; the mourning over the Churban is an old
mourning, of the congregation, and we are lenient.
2. The week of the 9th, it is forbidden to cut hair and
launder; some say, the entire month is forbidden.
3. Question (Rav Ashi): Perhaps the Beraisa only
prohibits an engagement meal, but engagement itself
4. Counter-question: If so - regarding Nisu'in, will we
say that only the meal is forbidden, but Nisu'in
itself is permitted?!
5. Answer: That is not comparable. Nisu'in is joyous,
even without a meal, but this is not true of
(a) (Mishnah): 4 brothers are married to 4 women; the
brothers died. If the oldest wants to do Yibum to all of
them, he may;
(b) A man that was married to 2 women and died, Yibum or
Chalitzah of 1 exempts the other;