POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 60
YEVAMOS 55-60 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) WHOM A KOHEN GADOL MAY MARRY
(a) Question (Rav Ashi): But Rav and R. Yochanan say, he may
not marry a Bogeres or Mukas Etz - if he did marry them,
he is married!
2) WHEN DOES A KOHEN BECOME TAMEI FOR HIS SISTER?
1. He may stay married, since any girl he marries will
eventually become a Bogeres and Mukas Etz anyway.
(b) Mishnah: He may not marry a woman raped or enticed by
another man - if he did marry them, R. Eliezer Ben Yakov
says, she son is a Chalal; Chachamim say, the son is
2. We should also say, any girl he marries will become
a non-virgin as well!
i. This question is left difficult.
(c) Version #1: (Rav): The law is as R. Eliezer Ben Yakov.
(d) Version #2: Question (Rav): What is the reason of R.
Eliezer Ben Yakov?
(e) Answer #1 (Rav): He holds as R. Elazar (who says that a
woman becomes a Zonah for extramarital relations).
1. Question: This cannot be!
(f) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): The Tana'im argue if a Chalal
results from Chaivei Ase.
i. We hold, the Mishnayic teachings of R. Eliezer
Ben Yakov are few and clean (i.e. the law is
always as him).
2. This is left difficult.
ii. (Rav): The law is not as R. Elazar.
1. R. Eliezer Ben Yakov says yes; Chachamim say, no.
(g) Question: As whom is the following?
2. R. Eliezer Ben Yakov learns from "A widow, divorcee,
Chalalah or Zonah, these he will not marry, but
rather a virgin ... he will not profane his seed" -
all these prohibitions profane his seed.
3. Chachamim say, the word "these" interrupts - only
those listed before this word profane his seed.
4. R. Eliezer Ben Yakov says, "these" is needed to
exclude a Nidah (that does not profane his seed).
1. (Beraisa): From these a Chalal is made, but not from
(h) Answer: It is as R. Eliezer Ben Yakov.
(i) Question: According to R. Eliezer Ben Yakov, the word
"these" should have been written at the end (since all
listed prohibitions make a Chalal)!
1. This is left difficult.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Meir and R. Yehudah): His engaged sister -
he makes himself Tamei to bury her; R. Yosi and R. Shimon
say, he does not;
1. If she was raped or enticed, all agree he does not
make himself Tamei to bury her;
(b) Question: What is the reason of R. Meir and R. Yehudah?
2. R. Shimon says, if she is a Mukas Etz, he does not
make himself Tamei to bury her.
i. R. Shimon says, he only makes himself Tamei for
a sister fitting to marry a Kohen Gadol.
3. All say, he makes himself Tamei to bury a Bogeres.
(c) Answer: "To his virgin sister" - to exclude one that was
raped or enticed.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps we should exclude even a Mukas
(d) "That is close" - to include an engaged sister.
2. Rejection: "That was not (married) to a man" - one
whose "being" (loss of virginity) was through a man,
to exclude a Mukas Etz.
(e) "To him" - to include a Bogeres.
(f) Question: Why must a verse teach this? R. Meir holds,
"virgin" includes one that has some tokens of virginity!
(g) Answer: We would have thought to learn from there (Rashi
- a virgin that is raped; Tosfos - from a girl fit for a
Kohen Gadol), where she must be a Na'arah; the verse
teaches us not to.
(h) Question: How do R. Yosi and R. Shimon learn?
(i) Answer: "To his virgin sister" - to exclude one that was
raped or enticed and a Mukas Etz.
1. "That was not (married)" - to exclude an engaged
2. "That is close" - to include a sister that was
engaged and divorced.
3. "To him" - to include a Bogeres.
i. Question: "That is close" - to include a sister
that was engaged and divorced - but R. Shimon
says, he only makes himself Tamei for a sister
fitting to marry a Kohen Gadol!
3) ARE ANY CONVERTS PERMITTED TO A KOHEN?
(j) Question: R. Yosi did not say the law of Mukas Etz with
his partner (R. Shimon) - he must hold as R. Meir - how
does he learn?
ii. Answer: This case is different - the Torah said
"close" to include it.
iii. Objection: We should also say by Mukas Etz, the
Torah said "close" to include it!
iv. Answer: It comes to include one case, not 2.
v. Question: Why say it includes a sister divorced
from engagement, and not a Mukas Etz?
vi. A physical act happened to the Mukas Etz, but
not to the divorced sister.
(k) Answer: "That was not to a man", includes a Mukas Etz.
(l) Objection: But he already uses that verse (to exclude an
(m) Answer: We learn Mukas Etz from "Was not"; "to a man"
includes an engaged sister.
(n) Question: R. Shimon says that "virgin" implies having all
tokens of virginity (why does he need a verse to include
Bogeres - he should learn from the fact that a Kohen
Gadol may marry a Bogeres)!
(o) Answer: He only learned that from our verse.
1. Since the Torah had to write "To him" to include a
Bogeres, we learn that "virgin" implies a full
(a) (Beraisa - R. Shimon Bar Yochai): A girl that converted
when at most 3 years may marry a Kohen - "All young girls
that have not had relations, keep alive for yourselves" -
and Pinchus was among the fighters permitted to these
(b) Chachamim: "Keep alive for yourselves" - as slaves.
1. Question: If so, even if they are above 3, they
should be kept alive!
(c) "Among the dwellers of Yavesh Gilad were found 400 virgin
Na'aros that did not have relations."
2. Answer: As Rav Huna taught.
i. Contradiction (Rav Huna): It says, "All women
that have had relations with a man, kill" -
implying, women that did not have relations
should be kept alive; we also deduce, young
girls are kept alive whether or not they had
ii. Another verse says, "All young girls that did
not have relations, keep alive for yourselves"
- implying, if they did have relations, they
iii. Answer (Rav Huna): Both verses say that any
girl old enough to have relations is killed.
iv. Support (Beraisa): "All women that have had
relations with a man" - the verse speaks of a
woman old enough to have relations;
A. Question: Perhaps it means that actually had
v. Question: How did they know which girls were
fit for relations?
B. Answer: Another verse says, "All young girls
that did not have relations" - we see, the
Torah talks of being fit for relations.
vi. Answer (Rav Huna Bar Bizna): They passed the
girls in front of the Tzitz (an ornament of the
Kohen Gadol). One whose face turned green was
known to be fit for relations; if she did not
turn green, she was not fit.
vii. (Rav Nachman): The face turning green is a sign
(d) Question: How did they know?
(e) Answer (Rav Kahana): They sat each on a barrel of wine.
The smell of the wine would pass through a non-virgin,
but not through a virgin.
(f) Question: Why didn't they pass them in front of the
(g) Answer (Rav Kahana Brei d'Rav Noson): "(The Tzitz is) to
make acceptable for them" - not for punishments.
(h) Question: If so, it should not have been used by the
(i) Answer (Rav Ashi): For them (Yisrael) it makes
acceptable, not for punishments - for Nachrim, even for
(j) (R. Yakov Bar Idi): R. Yehoshua Ben Levi said, the law is
as R. Shimon Bar Yochai.
1. R. Zeira: Did you hear this explicitly, or did you
(k) Rav Safra derived the ruling, had the question, and
answered as said above.
i. Question: How could this be derived?
2. R. Yakov Bar Idi: I heard it explicitly.
ii. Answer: R. Yehoshua Ben Levi said, protests
were made in a city in Eretz Yisrael. Rebbi
sent R. Rumnus to check; he found a girl that
converted before 3; Rebbi permitted her to
3. Question: Had it been derived, what objection could
4. Answer: Perhaps once she was married, we would be
i. Support (Rav and R. Yochanan): A Kohen Gadol
should not marry a Bogeres or Mukas Etz - if he
married her, he is married.
5. Rejection: That is no support - there, whomever he
will marry will become a Bogeres and a non-virgin
during the marriage; here, is a Kohen's wife
standing to become a Zonah during the marriage?
(l) A Kohen was married to a girl that converted before 3
1. Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak: Why did you marry her?
2. The Kohen: R. Yakov Bar Idi said that R. Yehoshua
Ben Levi said that the law is as R. Shimon Bar
3. Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak: Divorce her, or I will
remove (your reliance on) R. Yakov Bar Idi from you
(i.e. I will excommunicate you, and you will be
forced to divorce her).