POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 64
YEVAMOS 55-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) BRINGING THE DIVINE PRESENCE
(a) If there were in Yisrael 1 less than 22,000, and a man
did not engage in Piryah v'Rivyah - does he not cause the
Divine Presence to depart from Yisrael?!
2) A MAN MUST MARRY A WOMAN THAT CAN HAVE CHILDREN
(b) Aba Chanan says, he is worthy of death - "They (Nadav and
Avihu) did not have children" - had they had children,
they would not have died;
(c) Others say, he causes the Divine Presence to depart from
Yisrael - "To be to you as Hash-m, and to your seed after
1. When you have seed after you, the Divine Presence
dwells; when not, on who will it dwell - on sticks
(a) (Mishnah): If a man married a woman and she did not give
birth in 10 years, he may not neglect Piryah v'Rivyah;
3) THE PATRIARCHS
(b) If he divorced her, she may marry another man, and he may
keep her for 10 years without children;
1. If she miscarried, 10 years are counted from the
(c) (Gemara - Beraisa): If a man married a woman and she did
not give birth in 10 years, he must divorce her and pay a
Kesuvah, perhaps he did not merit to have children
(d) We have no proof from the Torah, but there is a hint -
"At the end of 10 years that Avram lived in Eretz
Kena'an" - this teaches, time in Chutz La'aretz does not
(e) .Therefore, if either of them was sick, or if both were
in jail, this does not count towards the 10 years.
(f) Question (Rava): Why not learn from Yitzchak - "Yitzchak
was 40 years old when he married Rivkah" ... "He was 60
when she gave birth".
(g) Answer (Rav Nachman): Yitzchak was sterile.
(h) Question (Rava): Avraham was also sterile!
(i) Answer (Rav Nachman): The verse by Yitzchak is needed for
R. Chiya Bar Aba's teaching (but the verse by Avram has
no other purpose, other than to hint at the law of 10
1. (R. Chiya Bar Aba): The years of Yishmael were
counted in order to reveal about Yakov's years.
(a) (R. Yitzchak): Yitzchak was sterile - "Yitzchak prayed to
Hash-m Nochach (corresponding to) his wife.
1. It does not say for his wife, rather, corresponding
to his wife - this teaches that they were both
(b) Question: If so - why does it say, "Hash-m hearkened to
him" - it should say, to them!
(c) Answer: One cannot compare the prayer of a Tzadik who is
the son of a Tzadik, to the prayer of a Tzadik whose
father is evil.
(d) (R. Yitzchak): The patriarchs were sterile, because
Hash-m desires the prayers of Tzadikim.
(e) (R. Yitzchak): The prayers of Tzadikim are compared to a
1. Just as a pitchfork moves grain from one place to
another - so too, prayers of Tzadikim switch the
attributes of Hash-m from the attribute of anger to
the attribute of mercy.
(f) (R. Ami): Avraham and Sarah were Tumtumim (their genitals
were initially covered) - "Look to the rock that you were
carved from, and to the hammer from which your opening
was made"; "Look to Avraham and Sarah that gave birth to
(g) (Rav Nachman): Sarah was an Ailonis - "Sarai was sterile,
she has no child" - she lacked even a womb.
4) A STERILE WOMAN
(h) (Rav): This only applied to the early generations, that
lived long; in our days, one may wait 2 1/2 years, the
time of 3 pregnancies.
(i) (Rabah, citing Rav Nachman): 3 years, corresponding to 3
1. On Rosh Hashanah, pregnancy was decreed for Sarah,
Rachel and Chanah.
(j) Objection (Rabah): These laws are incorrect!
1. Rebbi codified our Mishnah - and peoples' years were
already shortened in David's days - "The days of our
years are 70 years".
(k) Question: The Beraisa said, perhaps he did not merit
having children through her - perhaps she did not merit
having children through him!
(l) Answer: Since she is not commanded about Piryah v'Rivyah,
she would not be punished regarding it.
(m) Objection: But Rabanan told R. Aba Bar Zavda that he
should marry and have children, and he replied, had I
merited, I would have had through my 1st wife!
(n) Answer: He pushed them off with a falsity - really, he
became sterile through Rav Huna's class.
1. Rav Gidal, R. Chelbo, and Rav Sheshes became sterile
through Rav Huna's class.
2. Rav Acha Bar Yakov was seized by sickness (of
withholding urine) - they hung him from a tree, and
green came out from him.
3. Rav Acha Bar Yakov: We were 60 elders, all became
sterile from Rav Huna's class except for myself -
Chachmah gives life to those that have it!
(a) (Mishnah): If he divorced her, she may remarry ...
(b) She may marry a 2nd man, but not a 3rd - our Mishnah is
1. (Beraisa - Rebbi): If a woman circumcised 2 of her
sons and they died, she should not circumcise her
3rd son; R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says, she circumcises
the 3rd, but not a 4th.
(c) Question (Rava): Does anyone jeopardize his life like
2. Another Beraisa switches the opinions!
3. Question: Which was taught later?
4. Answer (R. Chiya Bar Aba): There was a case of 4
sisters in Tzipori. 3 circumcised their sons, and
all died. The 4th came to R. Shimon Ben Gamliel - he
told her not to circumcise her son.
5. Objection: Perhaps he would have told also the 3rd
not to circumcise!
6. Counter-question: If so, what good is the testimony
of R. Chiya Bar Avin?
7. Answer: He teaches that a Chazakah may be
established through sisters!
i. (Rava): Now that we see that sisters make a
Chazakah - a man should not marry a woman from
a family of epileptics or lepers.
8. Question: What was the conclusion?
ii. This only applies if there are 3 in the family.
9. Answer: (R. Yitzchak Bar Yosef): There was a case of
a woman whose 2 sons died in circumcision. She came
to R. Yochanan on Yom Kipur that fell on Shabbos to
ask about her 3rd son; he told her to circumcise
10. Abaye: You are permitting a prohibition and a
i. Abaye relied on this and married Chomah, who
had been widowed twice; Abaye also died in her
1. Objection #1: Abaye himself said, Avin can be relied
on, but not Yitzchak!
(d) Rav Yosef Brei d'Rava: I asked Rav Yosef if the law is as
Rebbi; he said, yes; another time, I asked if the law is
as R. Shimon Ben Gamliel, and he said yes!
i. Avin reviews his learning, Yitzchak does not!
2. Objection #2: They argue by circumcision - do they
argue by marriage?
3. Answer to Objection #2: Yes!
i. (Beraisa - Rebbi): If she married a man, and he
died; a 2nd man, and he died; she may not marry
again; R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says, she may
marry a 3rd man, but not a 4th.
4. Question: We understand, regarding circumcision,
some families have weak blood, others, strong blood.
i. Why should a woman have a Chazakah that her
husbands will die?
5. Answer #1 (R. Mordecai): Relations with her cause
the husband to die.
6. Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): Her Mazel causes him to die.
i. The difference between these answers is if her
husbands die during engagement, or her husbands
fell from the roof (these can only be
attributed to Mazel).
1. Was he mocking me?
(e) Rava: No - regarding marriage and lashes, the Mishnah was
sealed as Rebbi; regarding Vestos (expected menstrual
periods) and an ox established as a gorer, the Mishnah
was sealed as R. Shimon Ben Gamliel.
1. Marriage - as taught above.
2. Lashes - (Mishnah): One who was lashed twice, Beis
Din locks him in a cell, and feeds him barley, until
his stomach bursts.
3. Vestos - (Mishnah): A woman only establishes a Vest
after 3 periods (at the time of the Vest); she only
uproots a Vest after 3 times when she does not have
a period at the time of the Vest.