ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 63
YEVAMOS 46-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) Rebbi Elazar learns from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Zachar u'Nekeivah Bera'am, Vayikra es Sh'mam Adam" - that a man who
does not have a wife is not called 'Adam'.
(b) Alternatively, "ke'Negdo" can imply that - if he is worthy, she stands
at his side (to assist him); and if not, she becomes a strap that lashes
2. ... "ha'Shamayim Shamayim la'Hashem, ve'ha'Aretz Nasan li'Vnei Adam" -
that someone who does not own land is not called 'Adam' either.
3. ... "E'eseh Lo Eizer ke'Negdo" - that, if a man is worthy, his wife
assists him, and if not, she becomes his opponent.
(c) Eliyahu pointed out to Rebbi Yossi - that a man produces the wheat and
the flax, but that it is his wife who bakes the bread and who weaves his
(a) Rebbi Elazar learns from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "*Zos ha'Pa'am*, Etzem me'Atzamai u'Vasar mi'B'sari" - that Adam
actually tried mating with all the animals, and that it was only after he
mated with Chavah that he found satisfaction. (Note: In this way, he could
never turn round and accuse Hashem of not providing with the best possible
(b) Rebbi Elazar says that ...
2. ... *"ve'Nivrechu ve'Cha* Kol Mishpechos ha'Adamah" (that Hashem said to
Avraham) - that He was going to extract from him two grafts (or broods)
[righteous converts] from him: Rus ha'Mo'avi'ah and Na'amah ha'Amonis (the
wife of Shlomoh, and mother of Rechavam, but more importantly, of many
righteous kings who would subsequently rule over Yehudah).
3. ... "ve'Nivrechu ve'Cha *Kol Mishpechos ha'Adamah*" - that even the
nations that live off the land (see b.2) will be blessed on account of
4. ... "ve'Nivrechu ve'Cha Kol Goyei ha'Aretz" (that Hashem said to
Avraham) - that even the ships that travel from France to Spain will be
blessed because of Yisrael.
1. ... the sailors will ultimately leave their ships and become farmers.
(c) Rebbi Elazar and other Amora'im stated that commerce is more lucrative
2. ... the Torah's use of the word "ve'Yardu" in this connection - implies
that farming is a lowly profession (see Tosfos DH 'she'Ein' and Agados
(d) Rava explains that whereas the proceeds of a hundred Zuzim invested in
farming is salt and fodder - the same hundred Zuzim invested in business
allows a person to eat meat and to drink wine every day.
(a) When Rav Papa says that one should rather sow than buy - he means that
it is better to sustain one's family with the produce that one grows
oneself, than to buy it in the market, because there is a B'rachah in one's
own produce (see also Rashi, Devarim 28:66).
(b) And when he said that it is better to sell before one becomes poor, he
referred to household goods such as mats, but not to fine clothes - which
may prove to be irreplaceable, when one needs them.
(c) Don't wait for a hole in the wall to widen until you are forced to
replace the bricks, he said; on the other hand, replace the bricks rather
than rebuild the entire wall - because whoever enters the building trade
(d) One should ...
1. ... jump at the opportunity to buy land - but choose a wife with great
care (to make careful enquiries that she is not quarrelsome).
2. ... descend a level in searching for a wife (so that she will look up to
him and not down) - but rise a level or two when choosing a friend (so that
he should be able to look up to him and follow his example).
(a) Hashem brings punishment on the world - so that K'lal Yisrael should
learn to fear Him and do Teshuvah.
Rebbi Chiya used to bring his wife trinkets in spite of the fact that she
was not a good wife - 'One must be grateful to our wives', he explained to
Rav, 'if only for the fact that they bring up our children, and save us from
(b) When Rebbi Chiya conferred upon Rav the blessing that Hashem should save
him from something that is worse than death - he was referring to a bad
(c) Rav's wife subsequently used to switch whatever Rav requested from her.
If he asked her to prepare lentils, she would deliberately prepare another
kind of legume and vice-versa. Whenever Rav requested from Chiya his son to
ask his mother on his behalf, he hit on the brain-wave to make the switch
himself (an idea that did not enter Rav's mind).
(d) Rav forbade him to continue with that practice however - on the basis of
the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Limdu Leshonam Daber Sheker".
(a) When Rav Yitzchak asked his father, Rav Yehudah, to give him an example
of the Pasuk "u'Motzi Ani Mar mi'Maves es ha'Ishah" - he pointed to his own
wife (Rav Yitzchak's mother).
(b) Rav Yehudah nevertheless cited his wife as the epitome of the first
wife, from whom a man derives satisfaction - because whereas, on the one
hand, she was very argumentative, on the other, she possessed the ability to
make up very quickly.
(c) Abaye describes a bad wife as one who showers him with curses and
insults, even as she lays him a nice table (so that, by the time meal-time
arrives, he no longer has an appetite). Rava described her as - one who
would lay the table nicely, and then not join him for the meal.
(d) Rebbi Chama bar Chanina explains the Pasuk in Mishlei "Matza Ishah Matza
Tov, *ve'Yafek* Ratzon me'Hashem" - to mean that when a person marries, all
his sins are blocked ('*Mispakekin*').
(a) When, at weddings, the B'nei Eretz Yisrael would declare "Matza O
Motzei" - they meant to ask 'Which of the two will it be "Matza Ishah, Matza
Tov" or "u"Motzi Ani es ha'Ishah Mar mi'Maves" '?
(b) According to Rava, the antidote to ...
1. ... a bad wife is - a Get (which he considers a Mitzvah).
(c) Rava compares living with a bad wife - to a stormy day.
2. ... a bad wife who has a large Kesubah is - to marry another wife in
addition to her (which is a more efficient antidote than a thorn).
(d) Rava extrapolates the ...
1. ... virtuousness of a good wife, even if "Matza Ishah Matza Tov refers to
Torah - by the mere fact that the Pasuk equates Torah with her.
2. ... curse of a bad wife, even if "u'Motzi Ani Mar mi'Maves es ha'Ishah"
refers to Gehinom - by the fact that the Pasuk equates Gehinom with her.
(a) The evil from which one cannot extricate oneself, to which the Pesukim
in Yirmiyah and in Eichah refer is - a bad wife whose Kesubah is excessive.
(b) When the B'nei Eretz Yisrael explained the Pasuk in Eichah to refer to
someone whose sustenance depends on his money - they meant someone who needs
to buy his bread from the market, and does not grow his own (because he is
perpetually worried about prices rising or a general shortage [refer also
above to 3a.]).
(c) Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav interprets the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Banecha u'V'nosecha Nesunim el Am Acher" - to refer to a
(d)) According to Rebbi Elazar, this latter Pasuk refers to Tzedokim (who
foul their mouths with blasphemy - Agados Maharsha). The Tana ascribes it to
the Barbarians and the people of Martinai - who used to walk naked in the
streets (which Hashem Himself considers the most disgusting thing in the
2. ... "be'Goy Naval Ach'iseim" - a bad wife whose Kesubah is excessive.
(a) Rebbi Yochanan was most distraught when he heard that the Chavri, a
cruel sect of Persians who did not acknowledge the Kavod of Yisrael (even
though generally, Yisrael enjoyed a considerable degree of respectability
during that period).
(b) When he heard that they accepted bribes - his mind was set at ease.
(c) They issued three decrees on the B'nei Bavel. To warrant the decree
1. ... forbidding them to eat Shechted meat - the B'nei Bavel failed to give
Matnos Kehunah (the right-foreleg, the cheeks and the Keivah [one of the
stomachs] that go to the Kohen from all Shechted animals).
(d) Seeing as the dead were not brought to burial, as Yirmiyah ha'Navi
describes, when he continues "ve'Nivchar Maves me'Chayim" - he must mean
that it would have been better for the Resha'im to have died in this world,
rather than to sin and fall into Gehinom.
2. ... forbidding them to use the bathhouses - they did not observe the
Dinim of Tevilas Nidah carefully.
3. ... dragging their dead from their graves - they used to celebrate
together with the Nochrim on their festivals.
(a) Ben Sira extols the virtues of a good wife and advises a man with a bad
wife to divorce her. He writes that ...
1. ... a man with a beautiful wife - is fortunate, and that he lives a
double life (because of the intense pleasure that he derives from living
(b) He says that ...
2. ... one should keep one's eyes off the "Eishes Chein" of another man.
3. ... one should avoid visiting the husband of an "Eishes Chein" for a
drink for reasons that are self-understood.
1. ... beautiful women in general - have caused the death of many a man.
(c) Ben Sira also has some good advice to give about human relationships. He
says that ...
2. ... peddlers (of women's perfumes) - often tend to get beaten up, when
they are caught in the act by husbands returning home.
3. ... worrying about tomorrow - just isn't worth it, because one may not be
alive tomorrow, in which case one's worries are in vain.
1. ... having a home that is open to everyone - is asking for trouble
(because one is inevitably inviting thieves).
2. ... one should have many friends who are concerned about one's
3. ... one should relate one's secrets to one in a thousand (and not more).
(a) Rebbi Asi learns from the Pasuk "Ki Ru'ach mi'Lefanai Ya'atof u'Neshamos
Ani Asisi" - that Mashi'ach (ben David) will not come until all the Neshamos
have left the 'Guf' (a division between the Shechinah and the angels, which
contains all the Neshamos that Hashem intends to pair with the bodies that
He has yet to create).
1. Rebbi Eliezer learns from the juxtaposition of the Pasuk "Shofech Dam
ha'Adam ba'Adam Damo Yishafech" to "ve'Atem P'ru u'Revu" - that someone who
does not practice "P'ru u'Revu" is considered as if he had murdered (the
person that he was meant to bring into the world but failed to).
(c) According to ben Azai - it is considered as if he had both murdered and
diminished the image of Hashem.
2. Rebbi Ya'akov (or Rebbi Akiva) learns from the juxtaposition of the Pasuk
"Ki be'Tzelem Elokim Asah es ha'Adam" to "ve'Atem P'ru u'Revu" - that it is
considered as if he had diminished the image of Hashem (see Agados
(d) When they queried ben Azai as to why he did not practice what he
preached (i.e. why he did not get married and have children), he replied -
that he could not help himself (he was an A'nus), because he loved Torah so
much that he was unable to stop studying it.
(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa learns from the Pasuk "u've'Nuchoh Yomar,
Shuvah Hashem Riv'vos Alfei Yisrael" that the Shechinah does not rest with
Yisrael if they number less than 22,000. Consequently, he explains, should
Yisrael number 21,999 - then someone who fails to fulfill the Mitzvah of
"P'ru u'Revu" causes the Shechinah to depart from Yisrael.
(b) Aba Chanan in the name of Rebbi Eliezer extrapolates from the Pasuk
(written in connection with Nadav and Avihu's death) "u'Vanim Lo Hayu
Lahem" - that, had Nadav and Avihu married and had children, they would not
(c) Acheirim extrapolates from the Pasuk "Liheyos Lecha l'Elokim
u'le'Zar'acha Acharecha" - that it is only when one has children to continue
the chain, that the Shechinah rests with Yisrael. Otherwise, on whom should
it rest, on wood and stones?