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Yevamos 9

YEVAMOS 6, 7, 8, 9 (Chanukah) - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in honor of Rav Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.


(a) For which category of sin does one bring a Chatas?

(b) What is a Par He'elam Davar?

(c) Which animal is brought as a Chatas for most sins, by ...

  1. ... a Yachid?
  2. ... the Nasi (the king)?
  3. ... the Kohen (Gadol) Mashi'ach and the Sanhedrin?
(d) For the sin of Avodas Kochavim, a Yachid, Nasi and Kohen (Gadol) Mashi'ach bring a he-goat.
What do the Sanhedrin bring?
(a) What does Rebbi learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "ve'Nod'ah ha'Chatas Asher Chat'u *Alehah*" (Vayikra) "Alehah" (Acharei-Mos - by Achos Ishto)?

(b) The Pasuk "ve'Nod'ah ha'Chatas Asher Chat'u Alehah" speaks by the Sanhedrin (Tzibur). We learn Kohen Mashi'ach from "le'Ashmas ha'Am" (which compares the Kohen Mashi'ach to the Tzibur).
From where do we learn Yachid and Nasi?

(c) We learn Tzibur by Avodas Kochavim from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "me'Einei"(Sh'lach-Lecha) "me'Einei" (from Par He'elam Davar of other Aveiros). How do we learn Yachid, Nasi and Kohen Mashi'ach from "ve'Im Nefesh Achas Techeta ... " (Sh'lach-Lecha)?

(a) These D'rashos are confined to Rebbi, who does *not* need "Alehah" to preclude Achos Ishto from Yibum. The Rabbanan, who *do*, learn Z'dono Kareis ve'Shigegaso Chatas like Rebbi Yehoshua, who quoted to his son, the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha "Torah Achas Yihyeh Lachem la'Oseh bi'Sh'gagah ... ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Ta'aseh be'Yad Ramah".
How do they learn it from there?

(b) This covers Yachid, Kohen Mashi'ach and Nasi both as regards Avodas Kochavim and as regards other Aveiros.
What do they learn from ...

  1. ... "ve'Im Nefesh"?
  2. ... "me'Einei" me'Einei"?
(c) What does Rebbi learn from the Hekesh "Torah Achas Yihyeh Lachem la'Oseh bi'Sh'gagah ... ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Ta'aseh be'Yad Ramah"?
(a) Rebbi needs to make the previous D'rashah in order to avoid learning Shogeg from Meizid, which differentiates between individuals and an entire town who serve Avodah-Zarah.
What is the difference between a Yachid who served Avodah-Zarah and a whole town, regarding ...
  1. ... the punishment?
  2. ... their property?
(b) If even an entire town who serve Avodah-Zarah bring a she-goat, what constitutes a Tzibur, who bring a Par le'Olah and a Sa'ir le'Chatas?

(c) But how could we even think that, if not for "Torah Achas ... ", an entire town bring a Korban that is different than a Yachid, asks Rebbi Chilkiyah from Hagrunyah?
What does he mean? What is the problem in saying that?

(d) *One* answer is for them to bring a lamb for an Olah and a bull for a Chatas (the opposite of a Tzibur).
What is the alternative answer?

(a) Which Ervah did Levi have in mind when he asked Rebbi why the Tana lists only *fifteen* Arayos in our Mishnah, and not *sixteen*?

(b) Rebbi did not like his query.
Why not? Why is this case not possible according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) As we learned in our Mishnah, the Yavam performs neither Yibum nor Chalitzah in the fifteen cases listed there.
What do the Chachamim of Rebbi Akiva in Perek Keitzad say about an Isur Mitzvah and an Isur Kedushah? What is an Isur Kedushah and an Isur Mitzvah?

(a) According to Rebbi Akiva in Perek ha'Choletz, one performs neither Yibum nor Chalitzah with either of them.
So how can Rebbi say that the Tana in Yevamos never deals with cases that involve Machlokes?

(b) Then why does the Tana later in this Perek quote the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel concerning whether the Tzaros are permitted to the other brothers or not?

(c) So how can the Tana mention Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo, with which Rebbi Shimon disagrees, and requires Chalitzah?

(d) But does Rebbi Oshaya not maintain that Rebbi Shimon argues with the Chachamim even in *that* case?

Answers to questions



(a) The Mishnah in Perek Arba'ah Achin says that if two of four brothers who were married to two sisters both died, the two remaining brothers are Patur from Yibum and Chalitzah.

(b) What will be the Din regarding the second sister if one of the sisters is an Ervah to one of the brothers (e.g. his mother-in-law or daughter-in-law)? Does ...

  1. ... *he* perform Yibum or Chalitzah with her?
  2. ... his brother perform Yibum or Chalitzah with her?
(c) What do Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa mean when they say 'be'Chulan Ani Korei Bahen ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres la'Zeh'?
(a) 'ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres la'Zeh' by Bito is only possible by Bito me'Anusaso, but not by Bito me'Ishto.
Why not?

(b) What is the case of Bito me'Anusaso?

(c) And what do Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa mean when they say 'va'Ahosah she'Hi Yevimtah Choletzes O Misyabemes?

(a) Rav Yehudah disagrees with Rav. He confines 'ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres la'Zeh' to the cases in our Mishnah from Chamoso and onwards.
Why does he not want to apply it to ...
  1. ... Bito?
  2. ... to the next five cases (that evolve from Bito) in the Mishnah?
(b) On what grounds does Abaye disagree with Rav Yehudah (and apply it to the first six cases, too)?

(c) Abaye agrees however, that we cannot apply Rav and Rebbi Chiya's rule to Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo.
Why not?

(d) Rav Safra applies it also to Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo (like Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya, who say 'be'Chulan ... '), when there are six brothers.
Based on the Siman 'Meis, Nolad ve'Yibeim, Meis Nolad ve'Yibeim', what is the case?

Answers to questions

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