REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 9
YEVAMOS 6, 7, 8, 9 (Chanukah) - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in
honor of Rav Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
(a) For which category of sin does one bring a Chatas?
(b) What is a Par He'elam Davar?
(c) Which animal is brought as a Chatas for most sins, by ...
(d) For the sin of Avodas Kochavim, a Yachid, Nasi and Kohen (Gadol)
Mashi'ach bring a he-goat.
- ... a Yachid?
- ... the Nasi (the king)?
- ... the Kohen (Gadol) Mashi'ach and the Sanhedrin?
What do the Sanhedrin bring?
(a) What does Rebbi learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "ve'Nod'ah ha'Chatas
Asher Chat'u *Alehah*" (Vayikra) "Alehah" (Acharei-Mos - by Achos Ishto)?
(b) The Pasuk "ve'Nod'ah ha'Chatas Asher Chat'u Alehah" speaks by the
Sanhedrin (Tzibur). We learn Kohen Mashi'ach from "le'Ashmas ha'Am" (which
compares the Kohen Mashi'ach to the Tzibur).
From where do we learn Yachid
(c) We learn Tzibur by Avodas Kochavim from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah'
"me'Einei"(Sh'lach-Lecha) "me'Einei" (from Par He'elam Davar of other
Aveiros). How do we learn Yachid, Nasi and Kohen Mashi'ach from "ve'Im
Nefesh Achas Techeta ... " (Sh'lach-Lecha)?
(a) These D'rashos are confined to Rebbi, who does *not* need "Alehah" to
preclude Achos Ishto from Yibum. The Rabbanan, who *do*, learn Z'dono Kareis
ve'Shigegaso Chatas like Rebbi Yehoshua, who quoted to his son, the Pasuk in
Sh'lach-Lecha "Torah Achas Yihyeh Lachem la'Oseh bi'Sh'gagah ...
ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Ta'aseh be'Yad Ramah".
How do they learn it from there?
(b) This covers Yachid, Kohen Mashi'ach and Nasi both as regards Avodas
Kochavim and as regards other Aveiros.
What do they learn from ...
(c) What does Rebbi learn from the Hekesh "Torah Achas Yihyeh Lachem la'Oseh
bi'Sh'gagah ... ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Ta'aseh be'Yad Ramah"?
- ... "ve'Im Nefesh"?
- ... "me'Einei" me'Einei"?
(a) Rebbi needs to make the previous D'rashah in order to avoid learning
Shogeg from Meizid, which differentiates between individuals and an entire
town who serve Avodah-Zarah.
What is the difference between a Yachid who
served Avodah-Zarah and a whole town, regarding ...
(b) If even an entire town who serve Avodah-Zarah bring a she-goat, what
constitutes a Tzibur, who bring a Par le'Olah and a Sa'ir le'Chatas?
- ... the punishment?
- ... their property?
(c) But how could we even think that, if not for "Torah Achas ... ", an
entire town bring a Korban that is different than a Yachid, asks Rebbi
Chilkiyah from Hagrunyah?
What does he mean? What is the problem in saying
(d) *One* answer is for them to bring a lamb for an Olah and a bull for a
Chatas (the opposite of a Tzibur).
What is the alternative answer?
(a) Which Ervah did Levi have in mind when he asked Rebbi why the Tana lists
only *fifteen* Arayos in our Mishnah, and not *sixteen*?
(b) Rebbi did not like his query.
Why not? Why is this case not possible
according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(c) As we learned in our Mishnah, the Yavam performs neither Yibum nor
Chalitzah in the fifteen cases listed there.
What do the Chachamim of
Rebbi Akiva in Perek Keitzad say about an Isur Mitzvah and an Isur Kedushah?
What is an Isur Kedushah and an Isur Mitzvah?
(a) According to Rebbi Akiva in Perek ha'Choletz, one performs neither Yibum
nor Chalitzah with either of them.
Answers to questions
So how can Rebbi say that the Tana in
Yevamos never deals with cases that involve Machlokes?
(b) Then why does the Tana later in this Perek quote the Machlokes between
Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel concerning whether the Tzaros are permitted to
the other brothers or not?
(c) So how can the Tana mention Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo, with
which Rebbi Shimon disagrees, and requires Chalitzah?
(d) But does Rebbi Oshaya not maintain that Rebbi Shimon argues with the
Chachamim even in *that* case?
(a) The Mishnah in Perek Arba'ah Achin says that if two of four brothers who
were married to two sisters both died, the two remaining brothers are Patur
from Yibum and Chalitzah.
(b) What will be the Din regarding the second sister if one of the sisters
is an Ervah to one of the brothers (e.g. his mother-in-law or
daughter-in-law)? Does ...
(c) What do Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa mean when
they say 'be'Chulan Ani Korei Bahen ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres la'Zeh'?
- ... *he* perform Yibum or Chalitzah with her?
- ... his brother perform Yibum or Chalitzah with her?
(a) 'ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres la'Zeh' by Bito is only possible by Bito
me'Anusaso, but not by Bito me'Ishto.
(b) What is the case of Bito me'Anusaso?
(c) And what do Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa mean
when they say 'va'Ahosah she'Hi Yevimtah Choletzes O Misyabemes?
(a) Rav Yehudah disagrees with Rav. He confines 'ha'Asurah la'Zeh Muteres
la'Zeh' to the cases in our Mishnah from Chamoso and onwards.
Answers to questions
Why does he
not want to apply it to ...
(b) On what grounds does Abaye disagree with Rav Yehudah (and apply it to
the first six cases, too)?
- ... Bito?
- ... to the next five cases (that evolve from Bito) in the Mishnah?
(c) Abaye agrees however, that we cannot apply Rav and Rebbi Chiya's rule to
Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo.
(d) Rav Safra applies it also to Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo (like
Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Chiya, who say 'be'Chulan ... '), when there
are six brothers.
Based on the Siman 'Meis, Nolad ve'Yibeim, Meis Nolad
ve'Yibeim', what is the case?