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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 13

YEVAMOS 13 - Dedicated by Sid and Sylvia Mosenkis of Queens, NY, in memory of Sylvia's father, Shlomo ben Mordechai Aryeh, who passed away 3 Teves 5751/1990.


(a) What does Rav Yehudah learn from the word "li'Tz'ror"?

(b) Rav Ashi learns it from a S'vara.
What is the S'vara?

(a) Our Mishnah permits Tzaras Ervah, should the Ervah become divorced before her husband's death.
What is the S'vara of our Tana, who permits her even if he married the Tzarah *before* divorcing the Ervah?

(b) What is the S'vara of the Tana of the Mishnah in ha'Choletz, who permits the Tzarah only if he married her *after* the divorce, but not before?

(c) How does Rava reconcile both Mishnayos according to the same Tana?

(a) According to Rebbi Oshaya, a girl can only make Miy'un on the Yavam to remove the Ma'amar that he made with her, but not to remove the Zikah.
How do we attempt to prove this from our Mishnah, which declares that the Tzarah of any of the Arayos in our Mishnah, who could have made Miy'un but did not, requires Chalitzah?

(b) On what grounds do we refute this proof?

(a) The Tana now lists six cases which are more stringent than the fifteen listed in the first Mishnah.
What makes them more stringent?

(b) What are the ramifications of that stringency?

(a) The first of these is Imo.
What does 'Imo' mean? What was her relationship with the Yavam's father?

(b) One of the remaining cases is Eishes Achiv me'Aviv.
Why is she forbidden to all the brothers? What prevents them from performing Yibum with her?

(c) Besides his father's wife and sister (and the two cases that we just discussed), which other two relatives does the list incorporate?

Answers to questions



(a) The author of our Mishnah to date is Beis Hillel.
What do Beis Shamai say about ...
  1. ... Tzaros Ervah in general?
  2. ... a Tzaras Ervah with whom the Yavam performed Chalitzah?
  3. ... a Tzaras Ervah with whom the Yavam performed Yibum?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say about ...
  1. ... a Tzaras Ervah with whom the Yavam performed Chalitzah?
  2. ... a Tzaras Ervah with whom the Yavam performed Yibum?
(c) What will Beis Hillel say about the child of a Tzaras Ervah with whom the Yavam performed Yibum?

(d) In that case, why did Beis Hillel not desist from marrying the daughters of Beis Shamai? Why did they not consider the possibility that they were perhaps the children or grandchildren of Tzaros Ervah?

7) In which other area of Halachah did Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel display complete trust in one another?


(a) How do Beis Shamai derive that Tzaras Ervah is permitted, from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Sihyeh Eishes ha'Meis ha'Chutzah le'Ish Zar"? What does "ha'Chutzah" mean?

(b) What do Beis Hillel learn from that Pasuk?

(c) Beis Shamai argue that the Torah does not write "ha'Chutz", but "ha'Chutzah".
How do Beis Hillel counter that?

(a) In fact, we conclude, both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel learn that Kidushin is not effective on a Yevamah le'Shuk from the last words in the Pasuk "le'Ish Zar".
What then, do Beis Hillel learn from "ha'Chutzah"?

(b) Beis Shamai learn this from the 'Hey' in "ha'Chutzah".
What do Beis Hillel say about that?

(c) Rava gives the reason of Beis Shamai as 'Ein Isur Chal al Isur'.
What does he mean?

(d) Why is the Tzarah permitted even if the brother married the Ervah only after the Yavam had married her sister, in which case the Ervah preceded that of Eishes Achiv?

(a) Why does the Tana need to say that, even if the Tzaros made Chalitzah, they are nevertheless permitted to a Kohen? Why is that not obvious?

(b) And why does he see fit to add 'Nisyabmu, Beis Shamai Machshirin ... '?

(a) What basic Kashya did Resh Lakish ask on the opening Mishnah in Megilah (that the Megilah may be read on different days)?

(b) What do we learn from the fact that the Torah writes "Lo Sisgodedu", and not ...

  1. ... "Lo Segodedu"?
  2. ... "Lo Sagodu"?
(a) Why was Resh Lakish not concerned about the Mishnah in Pesachim, which deals with the custom that some places *practice*, not to work on Erev Pesach until midday, and some do *not*?

(b) But how about the Mishnah, which deals with working on the previous night (Leil Bedikas Chametz), where some people follow the opinion of Beis Shamai (who forbid it) and others, that of Beis Hillel (who permit it) - and this is a Halachah, and not a Minhag?

(c) And why is Resh Lakish not concerned with our Mishnah, where Beis Shamai permit Tzaras Ervah, whereas Beis Hillel forbid her?

Answers to questions

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