REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 31
YEVAMOS 31 - has been dedicated towards a Refu'ah Shelemah to Yakov ben
Chana, by the Tavin family.
(a) We just learned that even if we forbid the Tzarah of the Safek
Mekudeshes in our Mishnah to perform Yibum, we do not need to worry that
people will think that she must have been Mekudeshes since she still
The Mishnah in Almanah le'Kohen Gadol rules that if a house falls on a
person and on his wife who is also the daughter of his brother, and it is
not known which one of them died first, the Yavam must perform Chalitzah
with his daughter's Tzarah, despite the fact that she had a Chezkas Heter
le'Shuk. *One* of the reasons that we do not decree there (forbidding
Chalitzah - that once Chalitzah is permitted, they may go ahead and perform
Yibum) is because the case is uncommon.
Why do we not then require a Safek Megureshes (by
'Safek Karov Lo Safek Karov Lah') to perform Chalitzah as well, (and insert
that case in our Mishnah)?
(b) Then why are we not worried by Safek Kidushin too, that once they are
permitted to do Chalitzah, they may go ahead and perform Yibum?
What is the *other*?
(a) The Mishnah in Gitin rules that, if someone threw a Get to his wife in
the street and it landed in between them, she is Safek Megureshes.
the Din of Yibum (should the husband die) what other ramifications might
this ruling have (if he does not)?
(b) Why are we not afraid there too (a classical case of Geirushin) that
they might go on to perform Yibum? How do Rabah and Rav Yosef establish that
Mishnah, and how do they establish ours?
(c) Why do we think that *two* pairs of witnesses is better than *one*?
(a) We establish our Mishnah by one pair of witnesses because that must be
the case by Kidushin.
Answers to questions
Why do we think that? Why can it not speak by *two*
(b) On what grounds do we refute the original contention that two pairs of
witnesses comprise a Safek d'Oraysa (preventing us from applying the Chezkas
(c) What happened with Bar Shatya and what did Rav Ashi rule there?
(a) On the basis of the Kashya that we just asked, Abaye re-learns the
corollary between Kidushin and Geirushin in our Mishnah.
Some say that Chazal did not institute the date on Kidushin, because of
How does he
explain the cases of Kidushin and Geirushin? What does he mean when he
quotes the Pasuk in Iyov "Yagid Alav Rei'o"?
(b) Rava disagrees with him, because the Mishnah said 'Zehu'.
him, why does the Tana say 'Zehu' ...
- ... by Kidushin? What does the Tana come to exclude?
- ... by Geirushin?
What does this mean? Why did they not institute the date by
(a) What is the second reason for instituting the date on a Get?
(b) In that case, why did they not institute the date on documents of
(c) They nevertheless instituted the date on the documents of sale of slaves
(despite the fact that there too, the sale of slaves is sometimes effected
What is the purpose of instituting the date by the sale of
(d) Considering that there too, sometimes the sale of slaves took effect
through documents and sometimes, through payment of money, why did they
institute the date on the documents of sale of slaves?
(a) Another reason that they did not institute the date on Kidushin, is
because to do so would create the problem of where to place it.
one not place it ...
(b) Who keeps the Get?
- ... with woman?
- ... with him?
- ... with the witnesses?
(c) Why are we not worried there too (like with Kidushin) that she may erase
the date on the document.
(a) If three brothers are married to three non-related women, one of the
brothers dies and one of them makes Ma'amar and dies, according to the Tana
Kama, the two Yevamos require Chalitzah, and not Yibum.
(b) Rebbi Shimon says that the Yavam may even perform Yibum with either of
the two Yevamos, and Chalitzah with the other.
Why is that?
(c) And why does the second Yevamah require Chalitzah, according to him?
(a) Why can the prohibition of two Zikos (according to the Tana Kama) not be
(b) What *is* the Din d'Oraysa?
(c) Why did the Rabbanan issue this decree?
(d) Why did they not institute that the Yavam makes Yibum with one of them
and Chalitzah with the other?
(a) In which case are we worried that people might say that every time two
Yevamos fall to Yibum from one house, one of them requires Yibum and one
Chalitzah, and which case does this not bother us?
Answers to questions
(b) If, before he died, the Yavam (in our Mishnah) gave a Get for the
Ma'amar that he made, Rava rules that his brother is permitted to make Yibum
with the Tzarah of the Ba'alas Ma'amar.
Why not with the Ba'alas Ma'amar
(c) Why can the reason for this not be because of 'Keivan she'Lo Banah, Shuv
Lo Yivneh' (which would render her Pasul on all the brothers)?
(d) How do others quote Rava? Under what condition does Rava say this?