REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 39
Rava disagrees with Abaye.
What will he hold in a case when the Yevamah
inherited the property whilst she was married? In what point does he explain
Beis Hillel differently than Abaye?
(a) Rava therefore establishes even the Seifa of our Mishnah when the
Yevamah inherited the property when she was a Shomeres Yavam.
Then why do
Beis Shamai rule 'Yachloku'?
(b) In what regard does Rava hold that, according to Beis Shamai, Ma'amar
makes a Yevamah sa Vaday Arusah?
(c) Rebbi Elazar was quoted as learning like Rava, and Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
Chanina, like Abaye (though they lived long before them). How do we
initially amend this pairing to conform with Rebbi Elazar above (29b.), who
said that Ma'amar is only Koneh to push away the Tzarah?
(d) How do we finally pair Rebbi Elazar with Rava, in spite of his earlier
(a) How does Rav Papa support Abaye's interpretation of our Mishnah from the
Lashon of 'Nechasim ha'Nichnasim ve'ha'Yotz'in Imah'?
(b) He does concede however, that a Kashya remains on Abaye's explanation
(c) What does 've'Su Lo Midi' mean?
(a) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina explains that, when the Tana of our Mishnah
says that, after Yibum, the Yevamah becomes the Yavam's wife in all regards,
he means that he sends her away by means of a Get, and that he is even
permitted to take her back.
Why is it not obvious that if he wishes ...
(b) How do we indeed know that, having performed the Mitzvah of Yibum, once
he divorces her, she is not forbidden to him because of Eishes Achiv?
- ... to send her away, he must give her a Get?
- ... to take her back, he may?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he says that the Yevamah's Kesubah is paid
entirely by her first husband? What is the reason for this?
(d) Why did the Rabbanan institute that, if her first husband left no
property, she nevertheless receives a Kesubah from the second one?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'Hayah ha'Bechor"?
(b) Should he refuse, one goes to the other brothers.
What if they too,
(c) What will we do if the oldest brother ...
(d) What if the oldest brother pushes her on to a brother who is a Cheresh
or a Shoteh (who want to perform Yibum [see Tosfos DH 'u've'Cheresh' - see
also Meforshei ha'Mishnah])?
- ... says to wait for a brother who is a Katan who wants to perform Yibum?
- ... says to wait for another brother to return from overseas?
- ... at home says to wait for the return of the first-born who is overseas? Why is that?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi argue over which takes
precedence, the Yibum of a Katan or the Chalitzah of a Gadol.
'Katan' mean in this context?
(b) What is the reason for each of the opinions?
(c) How do we try to resolve the She'eilah from the Reisha of our Mishnah
'Lo Ratzah, Machzirin al Kol ha'Achin'?
(d) We refute this, by explaining 'Lo Ratzah' to mean that he does not want
to make Chalitzah either.
What problem does this create with the
continuation of the Mishnah, 'Lo Ratzu, Chozrin Eitzel Gadol'?
(a) We answer the previous Kashya by saying that since, when all's said and
done, the Mitzvah begins with the oldest brother, it also ends with him.
Why did we not at first, want to say that?
Answers to questions
(b) Why is there no proof (that Chalitzas Gadol is preferable) from the fact
that we do not wait for the Katan to grow up (in case he performs Yibum)?
(c) How do we prove this from the Seifa 'u've'Gadol (meaning the B'chor) ad
she'Yavo mi'Medinas ha'Yam, Ein Shom'in Lo'?
(a) According to the second Lashon, both Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Yehoshua
ben Levi agree that the Yibum of a Katan is preferable to the Chalitzah of a
Then what is their dispute?
(b) One of them holds that the Chalitzah of a Gadol is preferable to that of
a Katan, because Mitzvah be'Gadol.
What does the other one hold?
(c) How do we try to resolve this She'eilah from our Mishnah 'Lo Ratzu,
Chozrin Eitzel Gadol'? What do we think 'Lo Ratzu' means?
(d) We refute this proof by explaining 'Lo Ratzu' to mean that they want to
perform neither Yibum or Chalitzah.
Assuming that the Chalitzah of a Gadol
is preferable, why, in our Mishnah, do we not wait for the Gadol to come
from overseas to perform Chalitzah?
(a) The Mishnah later in the Perek states that the Mitzvah of Yibum takes
priority over that of Chalitzah.
Why did Chazal later switch the order of
priorities to give Chalitzah precedence?
(b) Rav maintains that, nevertheless, one does not forbid the Yavam from
performing Yibum should he so wish.
Does it make any difference whether
the woman agrees or not?
(c) When the Yavam and Yevamah came before Rav, he would quote them the
Pasuk "Im Lo Yachpotz ha'Ish".
Why? What else did he say to them?
(a) What did Rav Yehudah insert in the Lashon of the Sh'tar Chalitzah, that
demonstrates that, he too, holds like Rav?
(b) What did Rebbi Chiya bar Ivya in the name of Rav Yehudah add to the text
of the Sh'tar?
(c) What is the meaning of 've'Ishtemod'inhu de'Achuha de'Misna me'Aba
Nihu'? What are the two possible interpretations of 've'Ishtemod'inhu'?
(d) Rav Acha and Ravina dispute this point.
Which of the two
interpretations is correct?
(a) Rami bar Chama Amar Rav Yitzchak says that nowadays, the Mitzvah of
Yibum takes precedence over that of Chalitzah.
How do we resolve Rav
Nachman bar Yitzchak's Kashya 'Achshur Dari'? Why did Chazal really switch
the order of priorities again?
(b) What does Aba Shaul say?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says that initially, the
Yevamah was permitted, then she became forbidden?
Answers to questions
(b) The Beraisa concludes 'Yachol Tachzor le'Heteirah ha'Rishon, Talmud
Lomar "Yevamah Yavo Alehah", Mitzvah'.
How does Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi
establish this according to Aba Shaul?
(c) Rava establishes the Beraisa even like the Chachamim.
How does he
explain the Beraisa's conclusion? In which point does he disagree with Rav
Yitzchak bar Avdimi?
(d) On what grounds do we refute the Gemara's initial contention (that
'Mitzvah' comes to preclude from 'Ratzah Konsah, Raztah Eino Konsah', like
it was before she married his brother)?