REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 67
(a) What does Rav Yehudah rule in a case where two objects of Nichsei Tzon
Barzel, originally worth a thousand Zuz, go up in price and are now worth
(b) Why does he say that?
(c) Having already taught us the principle of 'Sh'vach Beis Avihah', why
does he find it necessary to repeat it here?
(a) If a Kohen who is married to a bas Yisrael dies, leaving children, Rebbi
Yossi forbids Avdei Tzon Barzel to eat Terumah 'she'ha'Ubar Posel ve'Eino
Ma'achil' (because an Ubar [an unborn fetus] invalidates but does not feed).
What does he mean when he says ...
(b) According to Rabah, the reason for this is because Rebbi Yossi holds
that a fetus in the womb of a Zarah is a Zar.
- ... 'she'ha'Ubar Posel'?
- ... 've'Eino Ma'achil'?
How does Rav Yosef (based on
the Pasuk in Emor "vi'Y'lid Beiso Heim Yochlu be'Lachmo") explain Rebbi
(c) What is the difference between the two reasons?
(d) How do the Chachamim query Rebbi Yossi's exclusive case? What should he
have said, according to them?
(a) Rebbi Yossi replied to the Chachamim's Kashya (in our Mishnah) 'Zu
Shama'ti, ve'Zu Lo Shama'ti'.
What did he mean?
(b) How does this present Rav Yosef (in the previous question) with a
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel says that it is only Rebbi Yossi who holds 'Ubar
Eino Ma'achil', but the Rabbanan disagree.
How does Shmuel reconcile his previous statement (in 4a.) with Rebbi Zakai,
who stated that when Rebbi Yossi repeated his ruling in the name of Sh'mayah
and Avtalyon, the Chachamim agreed with him?
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) Shmuel told Rav Chana Bagdesa'ah to collect ten men.
Why was Rav Chana
called by that name?
(c) What did Shmuel want to declare in their presence?
(d) What is the proof from here that he holds like Rebbi Yossi?
(a) The Beraisa discusses the various possibilities (with regard to Avdei
mi'Lug and Avdei Tzon Barzel eating Terumah after the husband, who is a
What will be the Din (regarding Avdei mi'Lug), if he dies
leaving behind either sons and a wife who is *not* pregnant, or sons and a
wife who *is*?
(b) And what will be the Din according to Rebbi Yossi (regarding Avdei Tzon
Barzel) if he leaves behind ...
- ... sons and a wife who is not pregnant?
- ... sons and a wife who *is*?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi quoting his father, says that a daughter
feeds, a son does not (this will be clarified later). Rebbi Shimon says that
if he leaves sons, then the Avdei Tzon Barzel may eat, even if his wife is
Answers to questions
Why does he not contend with the possibility that she may give
birth to a boy ... like Rebbi Yossi (seeing as, in principle, he holds like
(b) If he leaves only girls, he says, they are not permitted to eat.
reason does he give for that?
(c) Was it really necessary to attribute the prohibition on the possibility
that the baby will be a boy? What would have been the Din had the Ubar
turned out to be a girl?
(a) We explained above that Rebbi Shimon does not contend with the fact that
the Ubar might turn out to be a boy, because he goes after the majority.
Is it possible to establish his opinion even if he contends with the
(b) What does Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel say about orphans who come to divide
up their father's property?
(c) According to Shmuel, when the orphans grow up, they will have the
authority to nullify the Beis-Din's division of property, and will be
permitted to re-divide it.
What does Rav Nachman say?
(a) Rebbi Shimon maintains that, if the Kohen dies and leaves sons, the
Avdei Tzon Barzel are permitted to eat; the Tana Kama holds that they are
not. We suggest that Rebbi Shimon holds like Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel, whilst
the Tana Kama disagrees with their Takanah.
Is it possible to establish
the Tana Kama too, like Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel, and to offer a different
explanation to explain their Machlokes?
(b) Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi quoting his father, says that a daughter
feeds, a son does not. Abaye initially establishes this by a case of
What is normally the Din by Nechasim Mu'atim?
(c) What is then the case of 'ha'Bas Ma'achil' of Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi
(d) Then why do we not forbid the Avdei Tzon Barzel to eat in case the Ubar
turns out to be a girl?
(a) If, as we just explained, Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi is speaking by
Nechasim Mu'atim, why does Rebbi Shimon (whose statement follows that of
Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi) say 'Nekeivos, Lo Yocheilu, Shema Yimatzei
Ubar Zachar, *ve'Ein le'Banos be'Makom Ben*'? If he is speaking about
Nechasim Mu'atim, then this statement is not true?
(b) We have been assuming that Nechasim Mu'atim belong to the daughters.
What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan say in a case when the sons sold
(c) How does that disprove our explanation of Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi?
(d) So we explain the 'ha'*Bas* Ma'acheles' of Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi
to mean '*Eim*'.
What is he now saying? But is this not the same as the
Tana Kama said in the name of Rebbi Yossi?
(a) What do an Ubar, a Yavam, betrothal, a deaf-mute, and a nine-year old
have in common?
(b) Which two cases of Safek does the Tana of our Mishnah also incorporate
in this list?
(c) 'Nafal ha'Bayis Alav ve'al Bas Achiv, ve'Eino Yadu'a Eizeh Meis Rishon'.
Who is Bas Achiv? What are the two sides of the Safek?
(d) What does the Tana rule?
(a) 'ha'Ubar Posel' (by a bas Kohen le'Yisrael).
How do we learn this from
the Pasuk in Emor "ki'Ne'urehah Beis Avihah"?
(b) 'ha'Ubar Eino Ma'achil" (by a bas Yisrael le'Kohen).
(c) We learn 'ha'Yavam Posel' from the Pasuk "ve'Shavah el Beis Avihah"
(since the Yevamah is not free to return to her father's house). How do we
learn 'Eino Ma'achil' from "Kinyan Kaspo"?
Answers to questions
On what grounds does Eirusin invalidate a Bas Kohen
to a Yisrael from eating Terumah?
(b) And it does not feed a bas Yisrael to a Kohen because of Ula.
does Ula say?