BACKGROUND ON THE DAILY DAF
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Previous dafYoma 5
1) [line 1] SEMICHAH
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his
might on the head of his sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as described in
2) [line 8] ASA'AH L'SEMICHAH SHEYAREI MITZVAH - (lit. if he treated
Semichah as the dispensable, inessential remnants of a Mitzvah) if he did
not do Semichah
3) [line 10] TENUFAH (Tenufas Chazeh Va'shok)
The chest and the hind leg of the Korban Shelamim were waved in a prescribed
manner and were then given as a gift to the Kohanim, as described in Vayikra
4) [line 24] RIBUY SHIV'AH
(a) A Kohen who becomes the Kohen Gadol must wear the eight vestments of the
Kohen Gadol and do the Avodah for seven consecutive days to indicate his
consecration, as stated in Shemos 29:30 "Shivas Yamim ..."
(b) The eight vestments are: 1. Tzitz (forehead-plate), 2. Ephod (apron), 3.
Choshen (breastplate) 4. Me'il (robe) 5. Kutones (long shirt), 6.
Michnasayim (breeches), 7. Avnet (belt), 8. Mitznefes (turban).
(c) The vestments of regular Kohanim are: 1. Kutones (long shirt), 2.
Michnasayim (breeches), 3. Avnet (belt), 4. Migba'as (hat).
5) [line 7] ANINUS (The Halachic status of a mourner immediately after a
close relative's death)
(a) A person is called an Onen mid'Oraisa on the day of death of one of his
seven closest relatives for whom he is required to arrange for burial (i.e.
father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife). Chazal (Zevachim
101a) learn the Halachah of Aninus from the verse, "v'Achalti Chatas ha'Yom,
ha'Yitav b'Einei HaSh-m?" (Vayikra 10:19). Among the Halachos that apply to
an Onen is that a Kohen Onen is prohibited from doing the Avodah (divine
service) in the Beis ha'Mikdash unless he is the Kohen Gadol (Vayikra 10:7,
21:1-4). Moreover, an Onen may not eat Kodshim, Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni.
(b) For a further discussion of Aninus and the difference between Aninus
mid'Oraisa and Aninus mid'Rabanan, see Background to Pesachim 90:18.
6) [line 9] MICHNASAYIM - breeches
7) [line 12] ASIRIS HA'EIFAH (MINCHAS CHINUCH)
(a) On the day that every Kohen begins his service in the Beis ha'Mikdash,
he must bring a Korban Minchah that is the same as the Minchas Chavitin that
the Kohen Gadol brings every day. (Vayikra 6:12)
(b) The Minchah consists of 1/10 of an Eifah of wheat flour, made into
twelve wafers or rolls. They were fried in olive oil in a flat pan after
being boiled and baked. Half of the rolls were offered in the morning and
half towards evening. They were completely burned on the Mizbe'ach (RAMBAM
Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 13:2-4)
8) [line 19] MAI D'HAVAH HAVAH - what ever was done was done; i.e. what can
we learn from it?
9) [line 22] L'MISBAR KERA'EI - to understand the Pesukim (that are
10) [line 25] KUTONES - long shirt
11) [line 25] MITZNEFES - turban
12) [line 28] AVNET - belt