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1) [line 2] SHA'AR NIKANOR - the eastern gate of the Azarah, named for the man who donated the brass doors of the gate (see Yoma 38a) - (the Girsa of the Vilna Ga'on is SHA'AR HA'MAYIM- The Water Gate, opposite the Mizbe'ach, which was opened only on Sukos for the Nisuch ha'Mayim. A stream passed through the Azarah and flowed out through this gate. When necessary, its flow was blocked, causing it to overflow and cleanse the Azarah floor.)
2) [line 11] IBULEI D'MECHUZA - gateways of Mechuza, a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris River
3) [line 12] CHIZUK L'AKRA D'KUBEI - a support for the fort of Kubei (alt. Fort of Turrets)
4) [line 16] CHAZAN HA'KENESES - the sexton of the synagogue
7) [line 28] BEIS HA'OTZAROS - storehouses of wine, oil, and grain
*9*) [line 31] VEHA'TANYA, REFES BAKAR PETURAH MIN HA'MEZUZAH? - that is, a stable is exempt from Mezuzah even though women to do not wash there, since animals are kept there on a permanent basis and it is full of manure - TOSFOS DH veha'Tanya, see also Tosfos Yeshanim for another approach)
10) [line 39] BEIS HA'BURSEKI - a tannery where hides are processed
14a) [line 1] BEIS SHA'AR - a small guardroom next to a gate through which
15) [line 13] SHA'AR HA'MADI - a Median gate, an archway
20) [line 23] CHOKEKIN L'HASHLIM (Excavating to complete [a required
(b) For example, the Gemara records an argument between Rebbi Meir and Chachamim as to whether we apply Chokekin l'Hashlim in a situation where the opening of an archway is too small to require a Mezuzah (i.e., it is not four Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim). The walls surrounding the archway, however, are thick. If they are thick enough that had they been excavated, the doorway could be made 4 Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim, Rebbi Meir asserts that the doorway must have a Mezuzah.
(c) Chokekin l'Hashlim is only applied to *part* of an opening, not to the entire opening. For example, in the above situation Rebbi Meir applies Chokekin l'Hashlim only when the lower three Tefachim of the doorway are already four Tefachim wide, but before it reaches a height of ten Tefachim, the doorway gets narrower. Chokekin can *complete* the doorway by making the top as if it, too, were four Tefachim wide, although it really is less than that.
21) [line 30] DERECH BI'ASCHA - the way that you usually set foot into the house; i.e. the Mezuzah must be placed on the doorpost that is on the right of one who enters the house, since one normally puts his right foot forward when starting to walk
22) [line 31] KAR'EI D'YAMINA - his right foot
23) [line 32] NIG'EI BATIM (Tzara'as that infects houses)
(a) If Tzara'as is found on the walls of a house, it is put into quarantine by a Kohen for a week.
(b) The Kohen returns after seven days to check the house. If the Tzara'as has spread, one must remove (Choletz) the stones with Tzara'as from the house, scrape off the surrounding plaster, insert new stones and re-plaster the entire house. The house is then put into quarantine for another week. If the Tzara'as returns to the house during the following week, the owner must dismantle (Notetz) the entire house (Vayikra 14:45). The stones from the house must be taken out of the city and remain Asur b'Hana'ah forever.
(c) On the other hand, if the Tzara'as did not change after the first week the Kohen leaves it as is and returns again seven days later. If, after the second week, the Tzara'as has *either* remained *or* spread, one must remove (Choletz) the stones with Tzara'as from the house, scrape off the surrounding plaster, insert new stones and re-plaster the entire house. The house is then put into quarantine for another week (Vayikra 14:40). If the Tzara'as returns to the house during the following week, the owner must dismantle (Notetz) the entire house (Vayikra 14:45). The stones from the house must be taken out of the city and remain Asur b'Hana'ah forever.
24) [line 35] KESHE'MEFANEH - when he empties