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1) [line 1] CHAFINAH
2) [line 5] LISHKAS HA'MELACH - TY #30; the room where the salt that was used in the Azarah was kept
3) [line 6] LISHKAS HA'PARVAH - TY #31; the room where hides of the offerings were preserved. There was a Mikvah on its roof that was used by the Kohen Gadol on Yom ha'Kipurim. Parvah (see Footnote #3 to Yoma Chart #4) designed this room with an ingenious system for bringing water to the roof.
4) [line 6] LISHKAS HA'MADICHIN - TY #32; the Rinsing Chamber, the room where the Korbanos were rinsed
5) [line 11] MESIBAH - a spiral staircase
7) [line 12] LISHKAS HA'GAZIS - TY #27; The Chamber of Hewn Stone, where the Great Sanhedrin sat in judgement. The Great Sanhedrin of 71 judges was the highest Halachic authority of Benei Yisrael; it judged the most difficult cases (Devarim 17;8).
8) [line 14] LISHKAS KOHEN GADOL, [V'HI] HAYESAH ACHAREI SHTEIHEN - the Lishkas ha'Etz (TY #28) was the chamber of the Kohen Gadol (Lishkas Parhedrin) and was in back of (on the western side of) the Lishkas ha'Golah and Lishkas ha'Gazis
9) [line 20] SHA'AR HA'DELEIKAH - TY #36; The Gate of Kindling, through which wood for the Mizbe'ach was brought.
10) [line 20] SHA'AR (HA'KORBAN) [HA'BECHOROS] - TY #35; The Gate of the Firstborn, through which the offerings of the first born animals were brought (Shemos 13:15, Bamidbar 18:17).
11) [line 21] SHA'AR HA'MAYIM - TY #33 (the number in the diagram seems to be a mistake -- #33 should be in place of #34 on top of the gate); The Water Gate, opposite the Mizbe'ach, was opened only once during the year. The procession carrying the water for the Nisuch ha'Mayim passed through this gate on Sukos. The stream called the Amah, that passed through the Azarah, flowed out through this gate. When necessary, the Amah was blocked, causing it to overflow and cleanse the Azarah floor.
12) [line 21] SHA'AR NIKANOR - TY #18; the eastern gate of the Azarah, named for the man who donated the brass doors of this gate (see Yoma 38a).
13) [line 22] LISHKAS PINCHAS HA'MALBISH - TY #20; The Room of Pinchas the Outfitter was named for the man who was originally in charge of distributing and collecting the clothes of the Kohanim. It contained 96 closets for the sets of Bigdei Kehunah of the 24 families of Kohanim. (The Kohanim were divided into 24 Mishmaros (watches), each serving one week at a time -- see Background to Shekalim 18:23).
14) [line 22] LISHKAS OSEI CHAVITIN - TY 21; the room where the 12 Chalos of the Kohen Gadol were baked every morning. (They were offered daily in two parts, half in the morning and half in the afternoon -- see Background to Shekalim 20:26)
15) [line 23] SHA'AR NITZOTZ - TY #40; The Gate of the Spark, a roofed entrance under which burning coals were kept for rekindling purposes. It was formerly called Sha'ar Yechanyah, the Gate of Yechanyah, for it was through this gate that the king passed when he went into exile to Babylon. On its roof was a watchtower.
16) [line 23] ACHSADRAH - a covered area that is open on one side
18) [line 25] SHA'AR BEIS HA'MOKED - TY# 43; The Gate of the Chamber of the Hearth, which was a large, domed room where Kohanim could warm themselves during the service. (They became chilled easily while working barefoot in the open, on cold, marble floors.)
19) [line 30] U'MEISACH ES RAGLAV - he defecates
22) [line 18] NIGAF - he was smitten [dead]
24) [line 20] K'CHAF REGEL EGEL - [a mark that resembled] the footprint of
the hoof of a calf
26) [line 25] V'NEIMA LEI MEIMAR - let him say it to him
29) [line 36] ASEH OSAN KEVA - make the words of Torah a permanent, essential matter
30) [line 40] BIKESH L'HISNAMNEM - if he started to doze
34) [line 43] TZARTA D'DA - the nearest to this (the thumb, i.e. the index finger)
37) [line 47] ME'YEKIREI YERUSHALAYIM - some of the most reputable people of