POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 51
YOMA 51 - Dedicated by Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva. May Hashem
grant them and their children joy, fulfillment, and all that they need!
1) R. SHEISHES RENDERS ZEVACH AS EILO SHEL AHARON
(a) Question: R. Sheishes could have rendered Zevach as the
Korban Pesach, since it fits the criteria as well as does
Eilo Shel Aharon?
2) PESACH AND CHAGIGAH
(b) Answer: He holds, like R. Yehudah, that one may not
slaughter a Korban Pesach for one person alone.
(c) Question: Pesach Sheni fits the criteria!?
(d) Answer: Not so, since Pesach Sheni is not Docheh Tumah.
(a) Question: Why is Pesach grouped among the Korbanos Yachid
(on 50a) while Chagigah is grouped among the Korbanos Tzibur
(ibid) since the Tzibur gathers for both?
(b) Answer: The Tzibur is not gathered for Pesach Sheni.
(c) Question: Would Pesach Sheni otherwise fit the grouping such
that it is Docheh Tumah and Shabbos?!
(d) Answer: Indeed, this Tana holds that Pesach Sheni is Docheh
Tumah, as the cited opinion of R. Yehudah indicates.
(e) Question: What is the rationale for the Tana Kama (that
Pesach Sheni is *not* Docheh Tumah?
(f) Answer: It is logical that since he is only bringing the
Pesach Sheni on account of his earlier Tumah that it is not
(g) Question: How will R. Yehudah respond?
(h) Answer: The Pasuk, KeChol Chukas HaPesach allows it to be
brought BeTumah (if it did not work out to bring it
BeTaharah, the Torah allows it to be brought BeTumah).
3) TO WHOM BELONGS THE PAR YOM HAKIPURIM?
(a) The words Asher Lo should clearly indicate that the Korban
is his own (the three-fold repetition of Asher Lo indicates
that he must bring it from his own funds regardless of how
is atoned by it).
4) MISHNAH: THE PAROCHES
(b) But following that reasoning how are the Kohanim atoned
without any ownership at all?
(c) Rather, the Torah allows the Kohanim access to Aharon's Par,
and, by extension, the Par Yom HaKipurim could belong to all
of them (BeKeviyusa, not only BeKufia).
(a) The Kohen Gadol proceeded (from the 4th row in the Azarah)
through the Heichal and walked along the Amah between the
two curtains until he entered the Kodesh HaKodoshim.
5) THE PAROCHES (cont'd)
(b) (R. Yosi) There was only one curtain (based on the singular
language of the Pasuk).
(a) Question: What is the response of the Rabanan to R. Yosi?
6) WALKING TOWARDS THE KODESHEI HAKODOSHIM
(b) Answer: That Pasuk spoke of the Mishkan.
1. The second Beis HaMikdash needed two curtains owing to
the doubt regarding the exact demarcation between the
Heichal and the Kodesh HaKodoshim.
2. This area was once covered by the Amah Teraksin.
(a) The Beraisa teaches three opinions regarding the route of
the Kohen Gadol through the Heichal:
1. R. Yehudah- at the Southern side of the Heichal between
the Mizbeach and the Menorah.
(b) Question: Who is the Others?
2. R. Meir- at the Northern side between the Shulchan and
3. Others- between the Shulchan and the Northern wall.
(c) Answer: R. Yosi (who holds that there is only one Paroches)
and he walked along the North to the entrance there.
(d) R. Yehudah holds that the entrance was in the South.
(e) R. Meir's position does not seem to accept the entrance at
the North or at the South.
(f) He holds like R. Yosi (one Paroches) but the Shulchanos were
arranged such that they blocked his access.
(g) Alternately, the Shulchanos were arranged East to West (and
he *could* have walked along the North wall, but he holds
like R. Meir that it is not Derech Eretz to walk straight
into the Kodesh HaKodoshim.
(h) Question: How will R. Yosi relate to this Derech Eretz?
(i) Answer: Yisrael is precious, not needing an agent (see Rashi
(j) Question: According to R. Yehudah, why didn't he walk along
the Southern wall (behind the Menorah)?
(k) Answer: To avoid blackening his garments there.