POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 59
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) R. AKIVA AND R. YOSI HAGELILI ON THE ORDER OF THE HAZAOS (cont'd)
(a) Alternate Answer: They would agree to learn Penim from Chutz
if the Kohen *walked* around the Mizbeach, but they argue
over whether he stood in one place or walked around.
2) HAZA'AH FROM UP TO DOWN / DOWN TO UP
(b) Second Alternate Answer: They agree that he stood in place
but R. Yosi HaGelili learns Hakafas Yad from Regel and R.
Akiva does not.
(c) Question: But R. Yosi HaGelili held that he *walked* around
(as R. Eliezer is *arguing* with him saying that he stood in
(d) Answer: Rather, they argue whether the Hakafah is BeYad or
BeRegel (as above), and they provide their rationale:
1. R. Yosi HaGelili learns from Saviv that he must walk
around to do the Zerikah as it is done on the Mizbeach
(e) Two former Kohanim Gedolim reported their practices, one
having walked around and one stood in place, and each one
justified his custom based on the rationale just given for
R. Yosi HaGelili and R. Akiva.
2. R. Akiva holds that he stands in place since the
Mizbeach HaPenimi is as small as one corner of the
Mizbeach HaChitzon (and there is no requirement to walk
around its *corners*).
(a) Our Mishnah follows the opinion of R. Yehudah in his dispute
with R. Meir regarding the opinion of R. Eliezer:
3) TOHARO SHEL MIZBEACH
1. R. Meir says that the *opposite* corner is unique (the
Haza'ah must be down to up there given the position of
the Kohen) and the rest follow the closest corner
(which must be up to down to protect his garments from
2. R. Yehudah holds that the *closest* corner is unique
(which, as stated, must be up to down) and the rest
follow the opposite corner (down to up) [as in our
(a) Question: What is the Tohar of the Mizbeach?
4) THE SHIRAYIM ARE POURED ON THE WESTERN YESOD
(b) Answer: The middle of its height (as Tihara refers to mid-
(c) Question: But the Beraisa implies (from its discussion
regarding moving around the coals for the Haza'ah) that the
Haza'ah is done on the *top* of the Mizbeach!?
(d) Answer: Rather, the Tohar is the cleared top, as the word
Tohar means clear.
(e) (Chananya) The Haza'ah was on the Northern side of the top.
(f) (R. Yosi) It was on the Southern side.
(g) Question: What is the basis for their dispute?
(h) Answer: They argue over whether the opening to the Kodesh
HaKodoshim was North or South.
(i) They both hold that he does the Avodah where he finishes the
Matanos (based on the Pasuk of VeTiharo VeKidesho).
(a) This is based on the Pasuk "Yishpoch El Yesod HaMizbeach."
5) THE SHIRAYIM FROM THE MIZBEACH HACHITZON WERE POURED ON ITS
(b) The Western Yesod is the one he encounters first as he exits
from the Heichal.
(a) We learn from Yom Kipur that the closest Yesod is to be
used, hence the Southern Yesod is the closest to the Kevesh.
6) MEILAH BEDAMIM
(b) R. Yishmael holds that the Dam from both Mizbeichos (Penimi
and Chitzon) are poured on the Western Yesod.
(c) R. Shimon b. Yochai says that both are poured on the
(d) Question: What is the basis for R. Shimon b. Yochai (since
R. Yishmael is learning the unstated pouring (Chitzon) from
the explicitly taught pouring (Penimi, as 4.a. above).
(e) Answer: He holds that the opening to the Heichal was South
of the Mizbeach HaChitzon.
(f) R. Yishmael was cited in the Beis Medrash of R. Shimon b.
Yochai as having retracted (the students of R. Shimon b.
Yochai drew R. Yishmael to their way of thinking).
(a) R. Meir and R. Shimon hold that there is Me'ilah in the
blood of a Korban while the Chachamim say that there is no
Me'ilah by blood.
(b) MiD'Oreisa there is no Me'ilah by Dam, and they argue only
if there is Me'ilah d'Rabanan.
(c) Question: What is the source for asserting that Me'ilah does
not apply to Dam?
(d) Answer: Ula learns from Lachem, R. Shimon learns from
LeChaper and R. Yochanan learns from Kaparah (that the Dam
is the same before Kaparah as after).
1. Question: Let R. Yochanan learn the *opposite*, that
just as there *is* Me'ilah before, so, too, after?!
(e) Question: Why are there three Pesukim to teach that there is
no Me'ilah by Dam?
2. Answer: There is never Me'ilah after a Mitzvah is
3. Question: What about Terumas HaDeshen (where we find
that the ashes need Genizah and, presumably, are
subject to Me'ilah, as well)?
4. Answer: Terumas HaDeshen combines with Bigdei Kehunah
as unique (non-generalizable) Pesukim where there *is*
Me'ilah after the Mitzvah.
5. Question: This only works if Vehinicham Sham teaches
that the Bigdei Kehunah require Genizah, but that is a
Machlokes, and what will R. Dosa say?
6. Answer: Terumas HaDeshen combines with Eglah Arufah.
7. Question: What about the opinion which holds that two
Pesukim *may* generalize!?
8. Answer: Still, these cases remain unique owing to the
limiting word (Vesamo by Terumas HaDeshen and
*Ha*Arufah by Eglah Arufah) hence they will not
(f) Answer: The additional words teach two additional
exceptions, that there is no Nosar nor Tumah on Dam.
1. Pigul does not need a Pasuk since Dam has no Matir
(nothing is Matir *it*).
2. Pigul only applies to that which has a Matir.