ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 10
(a) Among the children of Yefes (No'ach's son), were 1. Gomer - founder of
Germany; 2. Madai - founder of Medes; 3. Yavan - founder of Macedonia
[Greece]) and 4. Tiras - founder of Turkey, or some say Persia.
(b) Savta and Savtecha comprise one area, one within the other, which is
surrounded by mountains. The inner one (Rashi seems to be saying) takes up
an area of a hundred Parsah by a hundred Parsah, and the outer one a
thousand Parsah by a thousand Parsah.
(c) Rechovos is known as 'P'ras of Meishan' - and Kelach as P'ras of Bursif
(a country next to Bavel).
(a) Ashur built Ninveh, Rechovos Ir and Kelach - after he distanced himself
(literally and figuratively) from the group of people who connived to build
the tower of Bavel. (Ashur was the second son of Shem ben No'ach, founder of
(b) Ninveh is explicitly referred to as 'the big city' - in the Book of
(a) 'Achiman' - is the acronym of 'Meyuman she'Achim' (the strongest of the
brothers); Sheshai - 'ki'Shechisos' (meaning pits) - because he would make
pits in the ground when he walked; and Talmai - 'Telamim Telamim' (furrows)
- because when *he* walked, he would turn the earth into furrows.
(b) "Yelidei ha'Anak" also means children who were so tall that they made
the sun look like a necklace round their necks ('Anak' means a necklace).
(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi quoting Rebbi, Rome will ultimately
fall into the hands of Persia.
(b) Rebbi learns this from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah where, with reference to
Rome, the Navi writes "Im Lo Yischavu Tze'irei *ha'Tzon*", which conforms
with the horned ram (the second Empire of which Nevuchadnetzar dreamt). But
how does Rebbi know that it refers to the *second* Empire , and not to the
*third* one (i.e. that of Greece, which is also referred to in Daniel as a
goat (which is included in the family of Tzon)?
(c) This Kashya demonstrates that the questioner did not know how to learn
T'nach - because he overlooked the fact that Daniel referred to it as 'the
youngest of the sheep', and the youngest of Yefes' sons was Tiras, who Rav
Yosef explained, is Persia.
(a) If, with regard to the *first* Beis Hamikdash, which was built by sons
of Shem and destroyed by Bavel (which belonged to the kingdom of Cham),
Bavel then fell into the hands of Persia (a son of Shem), then regarding the
*second* Beis Hamikdash, which was built by the Persians themselves
(Daryavesh the second, son of Esther and Achashverosh), and destroyed by the
Romans, Rome should most certainly fall into the hands of the Persians!
(b) In the opinion of Rav, it will be Persia that will fall to the Romans.
But how is it possible that the builders should fall into the hands of the
destroyers (is this Divine justice) his Talmidim asked him?
(c) Rav's second answer was that the Persians too, had destroyed Shuls.
(d) Rav also said that Mashi'ach will not come until the Roman Empire has
spread throughout the world.
(a) According to the Chachamim, the Lishkas Farhedrin was the only room in
the Beis Hamikdash which had a Mezuzah at the entrance - because the Kohen
Gadol lived there for seven days.
(b) Rebbi Yehudah counters that by pointing out that there were many other
living-rooms in the Beis-Hamikdash - which were inhabited by the guards
(presumably when they were off-duty).
(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, those other rooms did not have a Mezuzah,
because any house (or room) which is not designated for residence both in
the summer and in the winter, is Patur from Mezuzah. The reason that the
Lishkas Farhedrin *did* have a Mezuzah - mi'de'Rabbanan, so that people
should not say that the Kohen Gadol was being kept in a prison (from which
we can infer that a prison is Patur from Mezuzah).
(d) From the Pasuk "Vehikeisi Beis ha'Choref Al Beis ha'Kayitz" - we can
only infer that such a dwelling is called 'a summer-house' or 'a winter-
house', but not that it is called 'a house'.
(a) The Chachamim exempt a Sukah on Sukos from a Mezuzah. Rebbi Yehudah
maintains that a Sukah is Chayav as regards Eruv, as regards Mezuzah and as
(b)The ramifications of ...
1. ... Eruv in this regard - concern Eruv Chatzeros. If the Sukah-owner does
not participate together with all the other house-owners in that Chatzer,
then he forbids them all to carry (according to Rebbi Yehudah).
(c) It is not feasible to establish Rebbi Yehudah (who obligates a Sukah to
be fixed with a Mezuzah) by a Chiyuv de'Rabbanan - because that would be
fine by Mezuzah and Eruv, but not by Ma'aser. Why not? Because by declaring
those crops Tevel, one is creating the possibility of the owner, thinking
that they are Tevel d'Oraysa, will take Ma'asros from other Tevel crops with
the intention of exempting them (min ha'Chiyuv al ha'Petur) or vice-versa.
2. ... Ma'aser - concern the concession of eating Tevel casually, until it
has been brought into the *house* via the front door.
(a) Rava refutes Abaye's contention (that they only argue about temporary
dwellings during the time that one is not actually residing in them - but as
long as one is, both agree that one is Chayav) - on the basis of the fact
that they also argue by a Sukah *on Sukos*, which the Rabbanan exempt from
(b) According to Rava, everyone agrees that during the rest of the year a
temporary dwelling is Patur from Mezuzah - the reason that Rebbi Yehudah
obligates a Sukah all year round is because he follows his reasoning
elsewhere, where he says that a Sukah must be a permanent structure (and
therefore fit to be used the whole year round).
(c) The Rabbanan hold that a Sukah can be a Diras Ara'i (a casual dwelling).
(d) By Lishkas Farhedrin, Rava maintains, the Rabbanan hold that a forced
dwelling is nevertheless called a dwelling; whereas Rebbi Yehudah holds
that, since the Kohen Gadol did not live there of his own accord, it is not
called a dwelling, and it is Patur from mezuzah.
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, the Chachamim obligated fixing a Mezuzah on
Lishkas Farhedrin (during the seven days that the Kohen Gadol lived there) -
so that people should say that the Kohen Gadol is being held in a prison (as
we explained above).
(b) The Tana of the Beraisa obligated fixing a Mezuzah on Sha'ar Nikanor
(Sha'ar ha'Mayim - according to the Gra) of all the eastern gates - because
it was the outer gate leading to Lishkas Farhedrin.
(c) The Gemara initially thought that the author of that Beraisa cannot be
Rebbi Yehudah - because even Lishkas Farhedrin itself is only Chayav a
Mezuzah because of a decree, so to obligate the Sha'ar Nikanor (or the
Sha'ar ha'Mayim) would be a decree on a decree (a Gezeirah li'Gezeirah),
which Chazal do not normally initiate.
(d) The Gemara concludes that the author could well be Rebbi Yehudah, and he
considers it all to be one decree (i.e. Chazal issued one decree,
incorporating both the inner and the outer gates of the Lishkas Farhedrin).